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U.S. Department of Transportation
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  1. U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration

  2. Jim Cooney • Safety Program Manager • HLN FSDO

  3. FAA • Friendly • Aviation • Agency

  4. Survival

  5. February21, 1990 • Ron Woltermann - Miracle Pilot • Kalispell, MT - Great Falls, MT • IFR - 13000’ - Cessna 207 • 121 NM - 7 P.M.

  6. Factors • Remained Calm • Flew The Airplane • Communicated • Had and was wearing 4 point shoulder harness • Was prepared • Maintained positive mental attitude

  7. Emergency Landings • Airspeed - level or slightly low nose attitude - Fly the Airplane. • Airfield - landing site within 45 degrees. • Fuel - Carb Heat - Ignition. • Fly the Airplane - maintain control. • Pilot should know emergency procedures specific to the airplane he/she is flying. • Final Phase - Fly the Airplane - No steep turns close to the ground - flaps.

  8. Aviation Survival • Flight Plan

  9. Time Required to Locate AircraftNation Wide - 1994

  10. Aviation Survival • Flight Plan • Working ELT

  11. FAR 91.207Emergency Locator Transmitters • No person may operate a U.S. registered aircraft unless • the aircraft is equipped with an ELT • the battery has been inspected within the last 12 calendar months. • Batteries must be replaced after: • after 1 Hr of transmitter use • after 50% of their useful life has expired

  12. Time Required to Locate AircraftNation Wide - 1994

  13. Aviation Survival • Flight Plan • Working ELT • Properly Installed

  14. Aviation Survival • Flight Plan • ELT • Properly Installed • Proper Dress

  15. Aviation Survival • Use your shoulder Harness! • Survival Kit • Leave your ELT on

  16. Transport Canada Emergency Equipment

  17. Sparsely Settled Areas

  18. Required Survival Equipment • At least one reliable method for fire starting • Cooking utensils • Compass • Snare wire • Fishing equipment

  19. Required Survival Equipment • Survival Manual • Mosquito nets & insect repellent • Food - 10,000 calories per person • Sleeping bag for each person when temperature below 7 C • Snow shoes (areas w/12” snow)

  20. New Requirements • Food - 1500 calories per person • Stove will no longer be required • Choice of: • ax, collapsible or flexible saw • snow knife or hunting knife • Method of providing 1/2 litre water per person per day

  21. New Requirements • Method of providing shelter (Tent) • 2 methods of signaling • Pyrotechnics, signal mirror, conspicuity • panel, flashlight, strobe light, etc. • Appropriate clothing & footwear • List of kit contents and inspection data

  22. Other Items to Consider • Portable radio • Handgun • Small tool kit • All purpose tool • Aircraft can provide shelter

  23. Aviation Survival • Hypothermia

  24. Avoiding Hypothermia • Wear appropriate clothing • Keep yourself dry & clean • Improvise wind or rain proofing • Prepare shelter - consider airplane • Build fire with a heat reflector • Bed of branches, leaves, grass • Conserve body energy

  25. Summary • Be Prepared • Maintain a positive mental attitiude • Use all the resources you have

  26. Summary • S top • T hink • O bserve • P lan

  27. Pilot Proficiency Award Program - “Wings” • Attend Safety Meeting • 1 Hr. Dual - Basic Air Maneuvers • 1 Hr Dual - Instruments • 1 Hr. Dual - Landings

  28. Set of Wings • Wall Certificate Suitable for Framing

  29. U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration