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Failure to Complete College: Implications for California’s Grim Economic Future. Michael W. Kirst Professor Emeritus Stanford School of Education. California’s postsecondary attainment and economic base projected to decline.

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failure to complete college implications for california s grim economic future

Failure to Complete College:Implications for California’s GrimEconomic Future

Michael W. Kirst

Professor Emeritus

Stanford School of Education

slide2
California’s postsecondary attainment and economic base projected to decline.
  • Community college lack of completion is crucial – enroll 64% of total postsecondary.
  • Community college completion 10% two year, 26% transfer (overall 27% including certificates) – PPIC, Sacramento State).
  • Latino and central valley college education gap must be closed.
slide3
K-12 public schools are 49% Latino and growing; 79% of Latinos who attend postsecondary are at community colleges.
  • Community colleges must move from just access and low cost to improved pupil outcomes. – “Student Churn Economic Model”
  • Community college remediation rates about 70% from high school (Chancellor says 90% math, 75% English overall)
  • California 4 year universities degree completion at or above national average.
slide4
L.A. Community Colleges have 4 times African American and 3 times Latino students as U.C. system combined.

Funding per student – 2005

(state general fund, property tax, student fees)

college participation by race ethnicity
College Participation by Race/Ethnicity

Source: US Census 2000, Summary File 4, Table PCT63

race ethnic gaps in educational attainment bode poorly for california s workforce
Race/Ethnic Gaps in Educational Attainment Bode Poorly for California’s Workforce

Percent of Adults Ages 25 to 64 With an Associates Degree or Higher

Projected Change in the Number of 25 to 64 Year Olds from 2000 to 2020

Whites

Whites

40.2%

-1,309,049

African-Americans

African-Americans

27.4%

414,406

Hispanics,

Latinos

Hispanics,

Latinos

12.4%

4,574,193

Native Americans

Native Americans

19.3%

226,439

Asians, Pac. Is.

Asians, Pac. Is.

1,081,504

52.9%

0%

30%

60%

-2,000,000

0

5,000,000

California State University, Sacramento, 2006

regional gaps in preparation
Regional Gaps in Preparation

California State University, Sacramento, 2006

california s per capita income will fall below u s average if race ethnic education gaps remain

140%

130%

Given the Current Disparities in Educational Attainment and Projected Growth by Race/Ethnicity, California’s Income Will Fall Below the U.S Average by 2020 – Unless Race/Ethnic Gaps are Closed

124.0%

120%

118.1%

110%

108.6%

100%

US Average

95.5%

90%

80%

70%

1960

1980

2000

2020

California’s Per Capita Income will Fall Below U.S. Average if Race/Ethnic Education Gaps Remain

California State University, Sacramento, 2006

completion of degrees certificates
Completion of Degrees/Certificates
  • Rank 11th on 6-year graduation rate of full-time freshmen at universities
    • Does not include part-time students, or students who begin in community college
  • Rank 47th in the number of BA degrees per 100 undergraduates enrolled
  • Rank 46th in degrees/certificates awarded per 100 students enrolled in 2-year colleges

California State University, Sacramento, 2006

participation in college
Participation in College
  • Among top states in % of population enrolled
    • Traditional college-age: 18 to 24
    • Working adults: 25-64
  • Very low rates of patterns that lead to completion
    • 40th in high school grads direct to college
    • 48th in share of students enrolled full-time
  • Huge gaps in college participation

California State University, Sacramento, 2006

selected quotes
Selected Quotes

“The one thing – it’s the good thing about community college, I would say – is that a student can come here with absolutely no forethought, you know?”

– college advisor

  • “This is the thing. I’ve always done well in grammar, and I’ve always done well in English. I got As throughout high school, and I was placed in the lowest English [in the community college].”

– community college student

findings
Findings

Current State Policies Perpetuate Disjuncture between K-12 and Postsecondary Education:

  • Multiple and confusing assessments;
  • Disconnected curricula;
  • Lack of connected, longitudinal, data;
  • Few K-16 accountability mechanisms;
  • Insufficient K-16 governance mechanisms.
findings14
Findings

Student, Parent, and K-12 Educator Understandings about College Preparation:

  • Students’ college knowledge is vague and varies by student group;
  • Teachers’ college knowledge is incomplete and they play a major role;
  • College resources and connections with colleges are inadequate;
  • College preparatory opportunities are inequitable; and,
  • There is a lack of college counseling for all students.
policy implications for community colleges
Policy Implications for Community Colleges
  • Track signals to high school students regarding college expectations and requirements
  • Track more carefully the signals students receive concerning placement
  • Send clearer signals about realistic transfer possibilities
policy implications for community colleges16
Policy Implications for Community Colleges
  • Create initiatives to overcome the lack of high school academic preparation
  • Review the K-12 standards and assessments
  • Consider CSU augmented CST test
  • Collect more data on specific populations as they move in and through colleges
policy implications for community colleges17
Policy Implications for Community Colleges
  • Link junior/senior year of high school to initial year of college
  • Expand dual enrollment to include more prospective community college students
  • Create a continuous policy-making apparatus for K-16