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FDA Animal Feed Safety System (AFSS) Stakeholder Meeting September 23 – 24, 2003.  Consumer Issues. Food Animal Concerns Trust Dr. Richard Wood Executive Director Steven Roach, Food Safety Program Manager. Support for interventions inside the farm gate.

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slide1

FDA Animal Feed Safety System (AFSS)

Stakeholder Meeting

September 23 – 24, 2003

 Consumer Issues

Food Animal Concerns Trust

Dr. Richard Wood Executive Director

Steven Roach, Food Safety Program Manager

support for interventions inside the farm gate
Support for interventionsinside the farm gate
  • Processing has been the primary intervention point for addressing food safety.
  • Its impact on foodborne disease is mixed.
  • Slaughter and processing steps need to be combined with preharvest controls.
  • A farm-to-fork food safety system must include interventions within the farm gate.
slide3

What are the risks to food safety and human health that must be addressed in a comprehensive feed safety system?

priority feed safety risks
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

priority feed safety risks1
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

1. Close the loopholes.

priority feed safety risks2
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

1. Close the loopholes:

  • Prohibit poultry litter in cattle feed.
priority feed safety risks3
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

1. Close the loopholes:

  • Prohibit poultry litter in cattle feed.

b. Require dedicated equipment for handling prohibited materials.

priority feed safety risks4
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

1. Close the loopholes:

  • Prohibit poultry litter in cattle feed.

b. Require dedicated equipment for handling prohibited materials.

Develop a test for prohibited proteins that could detect prohibited proteins.

priority feed safety risks5
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

1. Close the loopholes:

  • Prohibit poultry litter in cattle feed.

b. Require dedicated equipment for handling prohibited materials.

Develop a test for prohibited proteins that could detect prohibited proteins.

2. Fully enforce the feed ban.

priority feed safety risks7
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Pathogens in Feed

  • Establish surveillance of animal feed for microbial contamination, integrating that surveillance with the surveillance of food and humans.
priority feed safety risks8
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Pathogens in Feed

  • Establish surveillance of animal feed for microbial contamination, integrating that surveillance with the surveillance of food and humans.
  • Establish HACCP programs across the animal feed industry to minimize Salmonella.
priority feed safety risks9
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Pathogens in Feed

  • Establish surveillance of animal feed for microbial contamination, integrating that surveillance with the surveillance of food and humans.
  • Establish HACCP programs across the animal feed industry to minimize Salmonella.
  • Implement a Salmonella-negative standard for animal feed.
priority feed safety risks10
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Feed Additives

  • Drug Residues

Medicated feeds left over in the equipment from one batch may contaminate the next batch of feed that is not medicated.

priority feed safety risks11
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Feed Additives

  • Drug Residues

Medicated feeds left over in the equipment from one batch may contaminate the next batch of feed that is not medicated.

  • Non-therapeutic antibiotics

Prudent use guidelines for therapeutic use needs to be extended routine uses.

priority feed safety risks12
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Feed Additives

  • Drug Residues

Medicated feeds left over in the equipment from one batch may contaminate the next batch of feed that is not medicated.

  • Non-therapeutic antibiotics

Prudent use guidelines for therapeutic use needs to be extended routine uses.

  • Alternative additives: enzymes, antibodies, phages, competitive exclusion bacteria.
priority feed safety risks13
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Contaminants of Feeds or Feed Ingredients

  • Chemical: dioxins, PCB’s, pesticides and other agrichemicals.
  • Heavy metals: lead, mercury, and cadmium.
  • Mycotoxins: toxic substances produced by molds
priority feed safety risks14
Priority Feed Safety Risks

Source Material of Greatest Risk

  • Downers as a feed protein source.

Beyond a concern about BSE, downers carry a higher incidence of foodborne pathogens and illegal drug residues.

  • The use of reclaimed industrial wastes.
  • The use of recycled animal waste.
components of a comprehensive feed safety system
Components of aComprehensive Feed Safety System
  • Establish a mix of voluntary actions and regulations.
  • Enforce the current feed related policies at FDA
  • Require the “riskiest” materials to have the greatest regulation.
  • Provide an integrated surveillance system.
  • Act within a transparent decision-making process.
  • Recognize that a comprehensive Animal Feed Safety System does not stop at the feed distributor’s door.