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Michigan High School Science Meap Test. Constructing. Review. Constructing New Scientific Knowledge. ask questions in order to learn about the world. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. How do scientists ask questions that help them learn about the world?

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Michigan High School Science Meap Test

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constructing new scientific knowledge

Constructing New Scientific Knowledge

ask questions in order to learn about the world







How do scientists ask questions that help them

learn about the world?

How do scientists figure out answers to their questions?

How do scientists learn about the world from books and

other sources of information?

How do scientists communicate their findings?


1. Ask questions that can be investigated empirically.

Key concepts:Questions often build on existing knowledge.

Real-world contexts: Using Scientific Knowledge—Biology, Earth Science, and Physical Science


2. Design and conduct scientific investigations.

Key concepts:Types of scientific knowledge—

hypothesis, theory, observation, conclusion, law,

data, generalization. Aspects of field research—

hypothesis, design, observations, samples,

analysis, conclusion. Aspects of experimental

research— hypothesis, design, variable, experimental

group, control group, prediction, analysis,

conclusion. Investigations are based on questions

about the world.

Real-world contexts:Using Scientific Knowledge benchmarks for students to design and/or conduct investigations.


3. Recognize and explain the limitations of measuring


Key concepts:Uncertainty, error, range, tolerances,

accuracy, precision.

Tools:Balance, thermometer, measuring tape, ruler,

graduated cylinder, electronic measuring devices.

Real-world contexts:Experiments that use

quantitative data; manufacturing systems where

measurements are critical.


4. Gather and synthesize information from books and

other sources of information.

Key concepts:Scientific journals, text- and computer

Based reference materials.

Real-world contexts:Libraries, technical reference

books, Internet, computer software.


5. Discuss topics in groups by making clear

presentations, restating or summarizing what others

have said, asking for clarification or elaboration,

taking alternative perspectives, and defending a


Key concepts:Logical argument, summary,

clarification, elaboration, alternative perspectives.

Real-world contexts:Newspaper or magazine articles

discussing a topic of social concern.

using science knowledge

Using Science Knowledge

usescience knowledge to understand the world and guide actions; describe and explainreal-world objects, systems, or events;predict future events or observations; and designsystems or courses of action that enable people to adapt to and modify the world around them