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Urban Road Pricing: US DOT Congestion Initiative and Urban Partnerships. 14 th World Congress on ITS IBEC Special Session October 10, 2007 Beijing Exhibition Centre Beijing, CHINA. Jeffrey F. Paniati Associate Administrator, Office of Operations Federal Highway Administration.

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urban road pricing us dot congestion initiative and urban partnerships

Urban Road Pricing:US DOT Congestion Initiative and Urban Partnerships

14th World Congress on ITS

IBEC Special Session

October 10, 2007

Beijing Exhibition Centre

Beijing, CHINA

Jeffrey F. PaniatiAssociate Administrator, Office of OperationsFederal Highway Administration

congestion pricing the options
Congestion Pricing – The Options

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing today
Congestion Pricing - Today

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

San Diego SR91

Minneapolis (California)

Denver

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing of excess hov facility capacity hot lanes
Congestion Pricing of Excess HOV Facility Capacity (HOT Lanes)

Fees for SOV use vary based on traffic levels:

I-394 MnPass Express

Lanes in Minneapolis

(dynamic pricing, real-time).

I-15FasTrak Lanes

In San Diego (quasi-dynamic,

every 6 minutes).

I-25 Express Lanes

In Denver (variable pricing) all

using electronic transponders.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing of new lanes
Congestion Pricing of New Lanes

SR 91, Orange County, CA

  • Four new lanes in median, 10 miles
  • Tolls vary according to a fixed schedule -- $1.25 to $10.00

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

usdot s congestion initiative a six point plan
USDOT’s Congestion Initiative: A Six-Point Plan
  • Relieve urban congestion.
  • Unleash private sector investment resources.
  • Promote operational and technological improvements.
  • Establish a “Corridors of the Future” competition.
  • Target major freight bottlenecks and expand freight policy outreach.
  • Accelerate major aviation capacity projects and provide a future funding framework.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

urban partnership agreements congestion pricing
Urban Partnership Agreements – Congestion Pricing
  • Congestion Pricing is a key component of the USDOT Congestion Initiative (Relieve Urban Congestion element) - Urban Partnerships
  • Integrated “4T” Strategy
    • TOLLING (pricing) – Key Element
      • Direct user charge based on use of facility; varies based on level of congestion
      • Toll collection via electronic means (no booths)
    • Transit
    • Telecommuting/Travel Demand Management
    • Technology
  • About $850 million in USDOT Discretionary Funds

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

urban partners
Urban Partners

Seattle

Minneapolis -St. Paul

New

York

City

SanFrancisco

Miami

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing urban partners
Congestion Pricing – Urban Partners

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

Minneapolis – St. Paul

Miami

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

minneapolis st paul urban partner
Minneapolis-St. Paul Urban Partner
  • I-35W between downtown Minneapolis and the southern suburbs.
    • Existing HOV lanes converted to dynamically-priced HOT lanes (similar to existing MnPASS operation).
    • Existing HOT lanes extended.
    • Shoulder lanes dynamically priced.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

miami urban partner
Miami Urban Partner
  • 21 miles of HOT lanes on I-95 from Fort Lauderdale to downtown Miami.
  • Raise HOV limit from HOV2 to HOV3+.
  • Expand 10-lane highway to 12 lanes (by reducing the width of the existing lanes from 12 to 11 feet and using a portion of the shoulder).

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing urban partners12
Congestion Pricing – Urban Partners

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

Minneapolis – St. Paul

Seattle

Miami

San Francisco

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

seattle urban partner
Seattle Urban Partner
  • Variable pricing on the State Route 520 floating bridge.
    • King County crossing that currently carries about 160,000 people per day between Seattle and its Eastside suburbs.
    • Tolls on the existing bridge are intended to help pay for the new bridge.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

san francisco urban partner
San Francisco Urban Partner
  • Variable pricing on Doyle Drive, the 1.5 mile elevated roadway leading to the Golden Gate Bridge.
  • Will charge an extra 1-way-fee above the $5 toll on the Golden Gate Bridge.
  • Revenues will help pay to reconstruct the 70-year old Doyle Drive.
  • Creation of Integrated Mobility Accounts.
  • Variable pricing of on/off-street parking and city-owned garage spaces in downtown San Francisco.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing urban partners15
Congestion Pricing – Urban Partners

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

Minneapolis – St. Paul

Seattle

Miami

San Francisco

New York City

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

new york city urban partner
New York City Urban Partner
  • Will charge drivers $8 and trucks $21 a day to enter or leave Manhattan below 86th Street on weekdays during the workday.
  • Those who drive only within the congestion zone would pay $4 a day for cars, $5.50 for trucks.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing the future
Congestion Pricing - The Future

HOV to HOT

Conversion

(Use Excess

Capacity)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(New)

Variably or

Dynamically

Priced Lanes

(Existing)

Cordon

or

Area

Pricing

Region -

Wide

Charges

Minneapolis – St. Paul

Seattle

Miami

San Francisco

New York City

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

congestion pricing region wide charges
Congestion Pricing – Region Wide Charges
  • Current Examples
    • Studies in Oregon and Seattle have tested mileage-based fees and peak-period driving charges.
    • Six State pilot with approximately 2500 participants to start in early 2008.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

usdot fhwa next steps
USDOT/FHWA Next Steps
  • Promote HOV to HOT Conversions through Tailored Technical Assistance.
  • Urban Partners.
    • Provide Direct Support to the Urban Partners.
    • Harness and Share Experiences.
  • Provide General Resource Material - Tailored Workshops and Seminars; Reference Material.
    • Value Pricing Pilot Program Lessons Learned.
    • Model Pricing Legislation.
    • “Making the Case” Outreach and Technical Support.

Strategy to Reduce Congestion

for more information
For More Information
  • Visit
    • www.fightgridlocknow.gov
    • www.fhwa.dot.gov/congestion/index.htm

Strategy to Reduce Congestion