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THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FIRST NPP IN TUNISIA PROJECT STATUS. Technical Meeting/Workshop on Evaluation Methodology for Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development 10-12 December 2008 . Jomaâ Souissi Souad Baccouche. Centre National des Sciences et Technologies Nucléaires.

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the introduction of the first npp in tunisia project status
THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FIRST NPP IN TUNISIAPROJECTSTATUS

Technical Meeting/Workshop on Evaluation Methodology for Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development

10-12 December 2008

Jomaâ SouissiSouad Baccouche

Centre National des Sciences

et Technologies Nucléaires

Société Tunisienne

d’Electricité et du Gaz

outline
Outline

1- Introduction to Tunisia

2- Introduction of the first NPP in Tunisia

3- Legal framework

4- Strategic plan

5- Site selection

6- Human resources development

introduction to tunisia
Introduction to Tunisia

Total area : 164 000 km²

Population ~ 10 millions (2007)

justification of the introduction of npp in tunisia
Justification of the introduction of NPP in Tunisia
  • Limited national production of hydrocarbons, problem if absence of new ressources.
  • Rapid change of fuel prices, affecting appreciably the cost of the kWh.
  • Increasing demand for electricity (6,6 % average).
  • Weak cost of nuclear fuel compared to the total cost of the kWh produced (15% compared to 68 % for fossile fuel)
  • The kWh cost is not very sensitive to the price fluctuations of nuclear fuel.
  • EnergySourcesDiversification (in 2007, 82 % of the produced electricity comes from natural gas).
  • Reduction of the CO2 emissions
  • Development of local industry and creation of job.
introduction of the first npp in tunisia
The feasibility study : contucted by Electricity Authority (STEG)

Nuclear Research Center (CNSTN)

Introduction of the first NPP in Tunisia

to build the first nuclear power plant by 2020

decision of the government:

(November 2006)

a - Cooperation with IAEA

b - Cooperation with CEA (France)

c - Establishment of related national institutions

d - Humane resources Development

previous activities
Evaluation of optimal date to introduce the first NPP in the country ( by 2020: 600 to 1000 MW).

Selection of 4 candidate sites.

Drafting project on legal framework

Previous activities

Conducted between 1979 - 2005

slide10
Work organization

Working group

Establishment of a working group in STEG

10 persons

Taskforce

Constitution of taskforce for the preparation of all aspect related to this project from representative of:

  • STEG
  • CNSTN
  • Ministry of Industry

Meeting : every two weeks

legal framework
Legal framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Regulatory framework

First step to consider is

the legal framework

Work achieved

  • Creation of a working group for legislation aspects : several working group meetings are held
  • Review of the national legislation related to the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy
legal framework1
Organization of workshop (with IAEA) related to the nuclear legislation including:Legal framework

Work achieved

  • Scope and components of nuclear law and regulation
  • Codes and standards, licensing process, assessments, inspections
  • Radiation protection and regulatory control of radioactive materials and other sources of ionizing radiation
  • Nuclear safety and the necessity of establishing of a regulatory body
legal framework2
Legal framework

Work in progress

a- Draft law on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and its applications being completed

b- Elaboration of draft decree related to the creation and the organization of the Authority for Nuclear Safety (ASN)

c- Elaboration of draft decree related to the creation and the organization of the National Nuclear Energy Authority (ANEN)

(ASN)

equivalent to Regulatory body

(ANEN) equivalent to (NEPIO)

legal framework3
Legal framework

Work in progress

The draft decree related to the Authority for Nuclear Safety

  • Ministry of industry
  • Ministry of higher education

Prime ministry

The draft decree related to the National Nuclear Energy Authority

  • Ministry of industry
  • Ministry of higher education

Prime ministry

  • Ministerial Council will be held in near future for the creation of :
    • Authority for Nuclear Safety (ASN)
    • National Nuclear Energy Authority (ANEN)
legal framework4
Legal framework

Prime Ministry

Directly linked

National Nuclear Energy Authority

Authority for Nuclear Safety

strategic plan
Strategic plan

Based on IAEA guide « NG-G 3.1 »

Milestones in the Development of a National

Infrastructure for Nuclear Power

Work achieved

  • Review of the first phase of this plan with two IAEA experts (August 2008)
  • Review of the first phase of this plan with CEA (France) (November 2008)
energy planning
Energy planning

Work achieved

  • Energy planning Project : 2007 -2011 (with IAEA):
  • Experts mission (November 2007) for the initiation of a feasibility study on nuclear power
  • Training of STEG staff and other institutions on energy planning models
  • Development of three scenarios on energy demand by 2030
  • Review of different scenarios by an expert of the IAEA
slide19
Review of certain assumptions regarding:

Energy Efficiency

transportation

GDP growth

Energy planning

Work in progress

Elaboration of a program for the energy infrastructure development with the integration of nuclear energy

slide20
Site selection

Work achieved

  • Review and synthesis of previous studies
  • Sites parameters Review by two IAEA experts
    • meteorological and atmospheric characteristic
    • external events (flood)
    • human activities
    • Dispersal of radioactive material
    • Evaluation of seismic risk
slide21
Site selection

Work in progress

  • Identification of actions which could be executed by national institutions
  • Elaboration of site specifications
human resources development
Human resources development

Work achieved

  • Training of working group staff (4 weeks, France)
  • Training of 7 people in nuclear engineering (1 year, France)
  • Evaluation of needed competency (STEG) during the different phases of the project :
  • Preparation
    • Inviting bids
    • Construction
    • Operation
human resources development1
Human resources development

Work in progress

  • Trainingand qualification for the specification elaboration tender
  • Training and qualification of competencies for the analysis and Tenders
  • Needs in expertise assistance
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