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Existentialism personified by

Existentialism personified by

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Existentialism personified by

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  1. Existentialismpersonified by • Kierkegaard • Nietzsche • Heidegger • Sartre

  2. Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) • Set the stage for existentialism (anti-Hegel) • awareness of our individual existence • must decide for ourselves how to live • we live in an age void of passion and commitment

  3. Kierkegaard 3 stages of intellectual maturity 1) aesthetic stage 2) ethical stage 3) religious stage

  4. Friedrich Nietzsche(1844-1900) • "will to power" • see the world in the way it best serves individual needs • Ubermensch • "Truths are illusions about which one has forgotten that this is what they are.“

  5. Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) • We are thrust into the world for no apparent reason • we are aware of our own death • so we suffer angst • run away from angst, but also from our “authenticity.” • yet looking in is what gives us 1) purpose and 2) future; action toward what is not

  6. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905 - 1980) • Existentialism • We cannot escape choosing • Choosing means • Freedom • Accepting Subjectivity • Determine own values • Determine own situation

  7. Sartre (con’t) • Most of us flee from our freedom • Good faith/bad faith • Choices are subjective, but go for them wholeheartedly • Group praxis • Since nothing is determined, anything is possible

  8. Summary Kierkegaard – only we can decide how to live Nietzsche – we decide whether to be supermen (have the world serve our needs) Heidegger – angst keeps us from our authenticity Sartre – a good life is recognizing our freedom to make choices

  9. Implications for Leisure • No ideal for what is correct leisure • Responsibility to live fully • Responsibility to operate outside artificial standards • Must be committed to our actions • For rec professionals, force independent choice