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Environmental Statistics for Disaster Management
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  1. Environmental Statistics for Disaster Management SreejaS.Nair National Institute of Disaster Management

  2. Contents • Data requirements and phases of Disaster management • Compendium of Environmental statistics by CSO • Opportunities and Challenges – Disaster Managers perspective. • Brief about Hazard and Disaster Statistics , NIDM-CSO framework

  3. Data Needs • Hazard related data – magnitude, Frequency and spatial distribution • Vulnerability data : Physical, Socio economic and environmental • Disaster data – damages and loss

  4. Uses • Pre-disaster phase : hazard Mapping, Vulnerability Analysis, Assessing Risk, developing decision support systems for early warning and effective response • Post disaster phase : Rapid Situation Analysis, need analysis, relief distribution , damage and loss assessment and recovery planning

  5. Compendium of Environmental statistics by CSO • The Compendium of Environment Statistics, prepared under the broad framework by the United Nations Statistical Division adopted by CSO in 1996 and published since 1997 • Five parameters • Biodiversity • Atmosphere • Land and Soil • Water • Human Settlements

  6. Land and Soil – 4 Sections • Land Uses: Land Uses contains nine fold land classification followed in India, and different land use patterns. • Agriculture: Agriculture contains information on area under principal crops; performance of crop production; use of agricultural inputs; consumption of pesticides statewise and their effect on soil • Mining: The section on Mining gives data on number of mines, production of minerals, mining machinery and consumption of explosives in mining, and status of afforestation.

  7. Land and Soil – 4 Sections • Natural disasters : A section on Natural disasters included in the recent compendium (2010) • The section on Natural Disasters contains information on frequently occurring natural disasters; recent natural disasters in India; major earthquakes; number of drought-prone districts and damages due to droughts and cyclonic storms. • 7 hazards are included

  8. Available data on diasters

  9. Chapter on Water • data on rain water, surface water, ground water and water quality etc are elaborated and analyzed. • information on rainfall • water flow in streams and ground water resources; • water quality criteria and water quality monitoring, • Water pollution causes and effects etc

  10. Chapter on Human Settlements • Mainly about Population and Poverty; Housing, Slums and Basic Facilities; and Waste Management • Information on population size, infant mortality rate, and expectation of life at birth, population below the poverty line • housing conditions and basic facilities, • Slums, homeless population • solid waste and hazardous material management etc.

  11. Strengths - perspective of a Disaster Management Professional • A national level system – Institutionalized mechanism • Network of trained professionals experienced in capturing data • Annual Publication and freely accessible • Water related data : Surface and ground water and rainfall • Attempt towards capturing Disaster data as part of Environmental Statistics • Human development/ vulnerability data, elaborate and captures indicators • Land degradation, soil erosion,deforestation,Mining

  12. Challenges • Environmental data is understood more in the context of pollution e.g. atmospheric data • Not having data from all the states ,most of the data is at National level/ state level • Only 7 hazards are included, different time periods, levels and indicators makes it difficult to make comparative analysis • Limited Domain knowledge on data requirements, availability and sources • Accessibility to disaster data

  13. About CSO-NIDM Initiative • Although different agencies are capturing data for Disaster management at various levels , no uniform pattern across different states • There was no statistical system to capture and compile the data on disasters (damages and losses) till now • Conceptual framework was developed jointly by NIDM and CSO in 2007 April • NIDM entrusted with the responsibility of compiling hazard Statistics and CSO -Disaster Statistics

  14. About NIDM Initiative • NIDM – Compiled hazard related statistics form IMD, GSI , CWC, Health Department • 2006-2010 data collected so far • Details of Major Accident Hazard units are not available at district level • IDSP project data on epidemics and disease outbreaks are available since 2008-10 • Capturing data at administrative unit level (district) is a major challenge • Training officials with the support of CSO initiated since 2009. (Data requirement , sources and accessibility ). Online/blended learning with GIZ

  15. Thank you sreejanair22@gmail.com sreeja.nidm@nic.in