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Using Sources Effectively A Guide to research & writing. Writing Center – Irvine Campus.
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Writing Center – Irvine Campus
Why Research?Research-based writing is an amazing opportunity during your educational experience. This type of writing improves your ability to frame a research problem, discover relevant sources, use those sources effectively, and write a persuasive paper with them. The benefits of research-based writing will last for the rest of your life. It is a mental exercise that develops your skills in writing, creativity, problem solving and critical thinking.
Citing Your Sources:You must cite the source of each idea of item of information used in your paper, whether you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or simply refer to it.
Your ideas count. It is incorrect to think that research paper is only exceptional if it is filled with sources elegantly tied together. Sources support your thoughts and ideas. The most important part of a research paper is not the sources themselves but what you do with them. They should support your line of argument, conclusions and ideas. In addition, simply citing sources is not enough. They need clarification through explanation and discussion. You must tell the story that the sources have helped you to discover.
Working with Your Sources:Understanding how to work properly with your sources will make the writing much easier and cohesive. As you evaluate each source, take notes about important points and then select passages for possible quotation, paraphrase or summary. Taking notes makes working with sources easier. Knowing when and what to quote, paraphrase and summarize will help you prepare the construction of your paper better. Learning how to paraphrase and summarize accurately will help you avoid plagiarism.
Guidelines to Paraphrasing:
When to Paraphrase:
Summarizing:Citing your research by restating or rewriting a source’s ideas in a more focused or shorter way than quoting or paraphrasing would allow.
Guidelines for Summarizing:
When to Summarize:
Putting It Together:After selecting and preparing your sources, you must put everything together in a way that makes your writing clear and effective. Your sources should be smoothly built into the flow of your paper and clearly distinguished from own writing.
Each interactive technology raises new concerns related to its particular strengths and limitations. For instance, the use of videoconferencing involves both similar and different issues than does E-mail interaction with patients. Each technology needs to be examined separately for its related risk management issues. Likewise, each patient should be assessed for the need for and the suitability of on-line services, should be clearly Informed of the nature and the limitations of the services, and should be given plans for possible equipment failures and crises. (p. 487)
Effective Use:Selecting, preparing and incorporating your sources are crucial steps within your research. It is especially important to know how to effectively use these sources within your research paper.
Contact the Writing Center @ the Information Resource Center for further guidance and assistance.
Phone: (949) 812-7454
This guide was created with the information provided by Harris, Robert A. (2005). Using sources effectively: Strengthening your writing and avoiding plagiarism. California: Pyrczak Publishing.