Turkmenistan: Health Status Country Profile, 2012. Lauren E. Valyo * and Supercourse Developers. Population Statistics. Population: 4,997,503 (as of July 2011) Population growth rate: 1.138% (2011). Demographics:. Age structure:
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Lauren E. Valyo* and Supercourse Developers
Population: 4,997,503 (as of July 2011)
Population growth rate: 1.138% (2011)
0-14 years: 27.5% (male 696,749/female 679,936) 15-64 years: 68.4% (male 1,692,885/female 1,724,019) 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 88,590/female 115,324)
Infant Mortality Rate:
total: 42.34 deaths/1,000 live births male: 50.42 deaths/1,000 live births female: 33.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2011)
Life Expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.52 years male: 65.57 years female: 71.63 years (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 19.54 births/1,000 population (2011)
Death rate: 6.24 deaths/1,000 population (2011)
Urbanization: urban population: 50% of total population (2010)
Rate of Urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2010)
Sex ratioTotal Fertility Rate:
birth: 1.05 male(s)/female 2.16 children born/woman (2011)under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female total population: 0.98 male(s)/female
-Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
-Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
-Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
male: 99.3% female: 98.3% (1999 est.)
-2.3% of GDP (2009)
-2.438 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density:
-4.06 beds/1,000 population (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
-less than 0.1% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
-fewer than 200 (2007)
HIV/AIDS – deaths:
-fewer than 100 (2004)
According to statistics, Turkmenistan remains one of the few countries of the world in which AIDS spread risk rate is almost equal to zero.
Turkmenistan's economy depends heavily on production of natural gas, oil, petrochemicals and, to a lesser degree, cotton and textiles.
The country remains one of the largest gas producers among the former Soviet republics. The country's key industries are still state-owned.
In May 2010, the government adopted the National Program for Socio-Economic Development of Turkmenistan for 2011-2030. The program visualizes diversification of the economy and increased competition, and recognizes the importance of further market and institutional reforms. (US Dept. of State)
Since President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov's policy of providing "Internet access to every home, school and kindergarten," has taken effect, the visibility of Turkmenistan's communication sector has also risen. However, Turkmenistan still struggles with their foreign communication due to inconsistent regulatory practices, and unfamiliarity with international business norms.
Fixed-line services:Total number of subscribers: 520,550,000Annual change: 6%Fixed-line penetration (population): 11%
Total number of subscribers (million): 3.24Annual change: 41%Mobile penetration (population): 63%-88%
International Monetary Fund- 2011 World Economic Outlook
CIA World Factbook