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RDA Records for Works and Expressions 3a. Conferencia Regional sobre Catalogación Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí 28-30 de Marzo 2011. Robert L. Maxwell Chair, Special Collections and Formats Catalog Department Harold B. Lee Library Brigham Young University Provo, Utah, U.S.A.
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RDA Records for Works and Expressions3a. Conferencia Regional sobre CatalogaciónUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí28-30 de Marzo 2011 Robert L. Maxwell Chair, Special Collections and Formats Catalog Department Harold B. Lee Library Brigham Young University Provo, Utah, U.S.A.
FRBR Primary Entities • Work • Expression • Manifestation • Item
RDA vs. AACR2 • AACR2 uniform title definition: “The particular title by which a work is to be identified for cataloguing purposes.” • Not, however, in fact an identifier for a work. • AACR2 uniform title combines aspects of work, expression, and sometimes even manifestation.
RDA vs. AACR2 AACR2 uniform title: Homer. Odyssey • Represents the work Odyssey as well as all Greek expressions of the Odyssey, of which there are many.
RDA vs. AACR2 RDA authorized access point for the work: Homer. Odyssey • Represents the work Odyssey only, not the Greek expressions RDA authorized access point for a Greek expression: Homer. Odyssey. Greek (Monro and Allen) • Represents the Greek expression of the Odyssey edited by David Monro and Thomas Allen
RDA vs. AACR2 AACR2 uniform title: Homer. Odyssey. Spanish • Represents the all Spanish expressions (translations) of the Odyssey. There are many.
RDA vs. AACR2 RDA authorized access point for one of many Spanish expressions: Homer. Odyssey. Spanish (Alberich) • Represents the Spanish translation of the Odyssey by Joan Alberich. There are dozens of other Spanish translations.
RDA vs. AACR2 • Why is it important to be this precise? • Because RDA is working toward an entity-relationship structure, and in this structure each work and each expression will have a separate description. If the database uses access points, each description will need to have a distinct access point. • Even in the absence of an ER database, this precision will be helpful to our users.
Relaciones FRBR(Grupos 1-2) creado por Obra: Piedra de sol Persona: Octavio Paz realizado mediante Expresión: 1. expresión inglés tiene traducción traducido por Expresión: 1. expresión español Persona: Muriel Rukeyser
RDA Toolkit • Online tool: http://www.rdatoolkit.org/ • Username for this week: potosi • Password for this week: rda
PCC Policies • http://www.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/PCC-Post-RDA-Test.html • Original authority records may be RDA. Do not change an RDA authority record to AACR2 • Do not change AACR2 authority record to RDA • RDA elements may be added to AACR2 records • RDA form of the heading may be added in 7XX field • NACO records must still be English-language records
Coding Records for RDA • Authority records • 008/10 (Rules) = “z”. • 040 contains $b eng and $e rda.
Core Elements in RDA In addition to the list in 0.6, Core elements are identified throughout RDA, as in this example.
Organization of RDA (Attributes) • Section 1 (Ch. 1-4) = Manifestation & Item • Section 2 (Ch. 5-7) = Work & Expression • Section 3 (Ch. 8-11) = Person, Family, & Corporate Body • Section 4 (Ch. 12-16) = Concept, Object, Event, & Place
Structure of the Attributes Chapters • Structure of “attributes” chapters in RDA • Purpose and scope • General guidelines, including allowed sources • Guidelines for specific attributes • Guidelines for constructing access points (called “headings” in AACR2)
Identifying Works and Expressions: Definition 5.1.2. The term work refers to a distinct intellectual or artistic creation (i.e., the intellectual or artistic content). The term expression refers to the intellectual or artistic realization of a work in the form of alpha-numeric, musical or choreographic notation, sound, image, object, movement, etc., or any combination of such forms. The terms work and expression should be read, where applicable, to include not only an individual entity, but also aggregates and components of such entities (i.e., the term work should be read to include aggregate works and components of works as well as individual works, etc).
Identifying Works and ExpressionsSources of Information • Where can we get information about corporate bodies? • 6.1.1: Take the title or titles of the work from any source. Take information on other identifying attributes of works and expressions from any source.
Attributes of Works: Title • Preferred title is a core element • Preferred title • Chosen according to 18.104.22.168: “For works created after 1500, choose as the preferred title the title in the original language by which the work has become known through use in resources embodying the work or in reference sources.”
Attributes of Works: Title We find two possible titles for this work. Which would we choose as the preferred title?
Attributes of Works: Title • The title is manipulated somewhat in RDA • The title is taken as found, but there are special guidelines for capitalization, numbers, accents, etc. • Capitalize according to Appendix A. • Record diacritical marks as found; optionally, add missing marks such as accents • Omit initial articls
Attributes of Works: Title Forms found for preferred title: Piedra de Sol PIEDRA DE SOL Manipulation of capitalization according to Appendix A: Piedra de sol
Attributes of Works: Title • Changes from AACR2: • “Selections” not used alone as the preferred title -- instead, “Works. Selections” • For simultaneous publications with different titles: choice based on first resource received
Attributes of Works: Title • Parts of works • Title element: 22.214.171.124 • Access point: 6.27.2 • Compilations of works • Title element: 126.96.36.199 • Access point: No specific instruction for authorized access point, but see 188.8.131.52 (variant access point)
Attributes of Works: Author? • Note that the author is not an attribute of the Work entity. • Authors can be persons, families, or corporate bodies, and they are separate entities, related to the work entity--an author has a relationship with a work • However, the access point will contain the name of the author, if there is one
Attributes of Works: Author? 184.108.40.206. If one person, family, or corporate body is responsible for creating the work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order): the authorized access point representing that person, family, or corporate body the preferred title for the work
Attributes of Works: Author? 220.127.116.11. If two or more persons, families, or corporate bodies are collaboratively responsible for creating the work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order): the authorized access point representing the person, family, or corporate body with principal responsibility for the work the preferred title for the work
Attributes of Works: Author? 18.104.22.168. If the work is a compilation of works by different persons, families, or corporate bodies, construct the authorized access point representing the work using the preferred title for the compilation [i.e., title alone without a person / family / corporate body name]
Work Authority RecordPiedra de sol • We’ve discovered the form of the preferred title Piedra de sol • In an earlier module we formulated the RDA authorized access point for the author Paz, Octavio (Paz Lozano), 1914-1998 • Exercise: begin creating an RDA authority record for this work.
Work Authority RecordPiedra de sol • Authorized access point: 100 1 Paz, Octavio $q (Paz Lozano), $d 1914-1998. $t Piedra de sol
Attributes of Works: Form • RDA 6.3. Form of work is core if needed to differentiate the name of a work from the name of another entity (another work, or the name of a person, family, or corporate body) • It can be recorded as an element whether or not needed to distinguish • Record in MARC 380 field • There is no controlled vocabulary
Work Authority RecordPiedra de sol The form of this work is “poem”. 380 poem Exercise: Add this to the authority record.
Attributes of Works: Date • RDA 6.4. Date is defined as the earliest date associated with a work. Lacking other evidence, the date of the first publication may be used • Date is core only if needed to differentiate between a work and other entities with the same name. • The element may be recorded whether needed to distinguish or not. • Date is recorded in MARC 046 • Beginning date or single date = $k • Ending date = $l
Work Authority RecordPiedra de sol This work was first published in 1957. The cataloger has no other information about the date of the work. 046 $k 1957 Exercise: add this field to the RDA authority record.
Attributes of Works: Place of Origin • RDA 6.5. Place of origin of the work is the country or other territorial jurisdiction from which a work originated. • Information may be taken from any source. • Place of origin is core if needed to differentiate. • Whether core or not, the element may be recorded. • Place of origin is recorded in MARC 370 field $g
Recording the Place Attribute • The form of the place name is governed by RDA Chapter 16. • Authorized access points for jurisdictional place names are generally formed as in AACR2, e.g. “Paris (France)” However: • 22.214.171.124. “If the place name is being used to record ... the place of origin of a work ... precede the name of the larger place by a comma.” -- e.g. “Paris, France”
Recording the Place Attribute • 126.96.36.199 instructs us to follow chapter 16, including abbreviations; chapter 16 refers us to Appendix B. • B.11 is similar to the place names abbreviations list in AACR2 • So when recording this attribute for a person, use, e.g., “U.S.”, not “United States.”
Recording the Place Attribute 370 $g London, England [place of origin of work] 370 $g Mexico City, Mexico [place of origin of work] 370 $g Austin, Tex. [place of origin of work] 370 $g D.C. [place of origin of work] 370 $g U.S. [place of origin of work]
Work Authority RecordPiedra de sol The cataloger only knows that the place of origin of Piedra de sol is Mexico. This place is established as Mexico 370 $g Mexico Exercise: Record place of origin in the authority record
Attributes of Works: Other Distinguishing Characteristics • 6.6. A characteristic that serves to differentiate the name of a work from another entity with the same name • Called a qualifier in AACR2 • Core if needed to differentiate • May be recorded in MARC 381, whether needed to distinguish or not
Attributes of Works:Other RDA Elements • 6.7. History of the Work. Recorded in MARC 678 • 6.8. Identifier. Core element; LCCN, recorded in 010 • Musical works: RDA 6.14-6.18 • Legal works: RDA 6.19-6.22 • Religious works: RDA 6.26
Bible Access Points • O.T. and N.T. are no longer abbreviated. “Old Testament” and “New Testament” will be used. • Individual books are no longer grouped under a testament. 130 0 $a Bible. $p New Testament. $l Albanian. $s Tosk. $f 1910 not 130 0 $a Bible. $p N.T. $l Albanian. $s Tosk. $f 1910 130 0 $a Bible. $p Leviticus. $l English. $s Driver-White. $f 1898 not 130 0 $a Bible. $p O.T. $p Leviticus. $l English. $s Driver-White. $f 1898
Bible access points AACR2 Bible. O.T. Genesis ... Bible. O.T. Pentateuch ... Bible. N.T. Mark ... Bible. N.T. Pastoral Epistles ... Bible. N.T. ... RDA Bible. Genesis ... Bible. Pentateuch ... Bible. Mark ... Bible. Pastoral Epistles ... Bible. New Testament ...[used only for the entire New Testament, not individual books]
Attributes of Expressions:Title? • Title is not considered an attribute of an expression in RDA, so there is no expression title element guideline. • The authorized access point for an expression is created by adding things to the authorized access point for a work.
Attributes of Expressions:Language • One of the most important attributes of an expression is its language • RDA 6.11. “Record the language or languages of the expression using an appropriate term or terms in the language preferred by the agency creating the data.” • Currently no discrete MARC field to record language of expression; 377 is only authorized for persons and corporate bodies. • Can only be recorded as part of an access point in $l.
Attributes of Expressions:Language • 6.11. Language of expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an expression of a work from another expression of the same work. • This means that as soon as there is more than one expression of a work, this element must be recorded in the record and access point
Expression Authority RecordPiedra de sol Bilingual edition, English & Spanish. How many expressions?
Expression Authority RecordPiedra de sol Two access points and two expression authority records are needed because there are two expressions
Expression Authority RecordPiedra de sol Base the expression authorized access point on the Work access point. Because language is core when there are more than one expression, it must be added to each
Expression Authority RecordPiedra de sol Access point recorded in authority record no. 1 100 1 Paz, Octavio $q (Paz Lozano), $d 1914-1998. $t Piedra de sol. $l Spanish Access point recorded in authority record no. 2 100 1 Paz, Octavio $q (Paz Lozano), $d 1914-1998. $t Piedra de sol. $l English [...] Both access points will be recorded in the bibliographic record.