Return on investment fromQuality Early Childhood Education Partnership for America's Economic Success The Pew Charitable Trusts Innovative financing techniques for early childhood programs Monday, Nov. 23, 2009 Congressman Jared Polis
Why is Access to Quality Early Childhood Education (ECE) So Important? • IQ’s • Letters and numbers • Behavioral problems • Parental involvement with their school • Brain Development • It is estimated that at least ½ of the achievement gap exists prior to children even entering kindergarten.
Conclusive Research Findings • Numerous long term studies tracking outcomes for children receiving quality ECE • Overwhelming evidence showing strong positive impact of ECE • Studies include: • Perry Preschool Project • Abecedarian Project • Barnett Study of Studies • Entwisle Socialization Study • Federal Reserve Economic Impact Analysis
Perry: Educational Effects Source: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
Abecedarian: Educational and Health Effects Source: Carolina Abecedarian Study
Barnett Summary of Student Success • Overwhelming evidence across all studies of long term student success Retention rates
Barnett Summary of Student Success • Overwhelming evidence across all studies of long term student success Special education rates
Barnett Summary of Student Success • Overwhelming evidence across all studies of long term student success High school graduation
Barnett Summary of Short Term Studies • All show immediate IQ gains averaging 8 points • All show positive impact on language skills and behavior • Study with parental education component shows increased expectations for children
Perry: Economic Effects at Age 27 Source: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
Perry: Effects at Age 40 Source: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
Perry: Arrests per Person by Age 27 Source: High/Scope Educational Research Foundation
Perry Preschool Return on Investment To Age 27 • Total Benefit-Cost Ratio = $8.74 to $1 • Estimated Total Annual Rate of Return = 16% • Public Rate of Return = 12%
Perry Preschool Return on Investment To Age 40 • Public Benefit/Cost Ratio = $12.90 to $1 • Total Benefit/Cost Ratio = $17.07 to $1
Why Should We Care About Investment in ECE? High educational impact Dramatic socialization benefits for kids One of the most effective tools in closing the achievement gap Highest $ return on any educational or human capital investment All of which implies… Tremendous Opportunity for leveraging social change through investment in ECE!
Linking Resources to Need • Existing environment of underfunding • Limited Philanthropic capacity • Lack of political will for major public investment What funds investments in physical infrastructure? Private capital Examples: School bonds, municipal bonds, Treasury bonds
Creating investments vehicle for private investment in ECE Demonstrated public rates of return on costs alone in excess of 12% over 20 years Savings for public agencies including: School districts, municipalities, states, counties, judicial districts, and the federal government
The Goal To increase private funding for ECE by offering investors opportunities to share in the gains/savings that are realized over a 20-30 year time horizon from early investments in human capital.
The Product • A model for private investors to adopt a cohort of at-risk infants, underwrite the cost of their early childhood education, and recoup that investment plus variable interest over a twenty year period. The repayment would come from state and local government agencies whose costs of serving these children will be reduced as a result of the early interventions and would share a portion of the cost savings with the investors. • If profitable returns can be generated and conveyed, this model provides a scalable source of resources for early childhood education nationally and internationally.
The Opportunity Scalability: Instantly meeting the entire accretive early childhood investment needs of the nation through capital markets Also exportable internationally Oversight and accountability: • Self-interested and motivated oversight to ensure the quality of programs • Accountability • No taxpayer risk
The Challenges • Methodology of measurement metrics • Methodology and implementation of conveyance of cost savings to investors • Mobility, tracking and logistics • Interagency agreements and enabling legislation • Marketing to public and private stakeholders
Thank you for thinking out of the box to ensure that every American has the opportunity to succeed!