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GST w.e.f. 01-04-2010. by-CA, Virander Chauhan New Delhi M: 98101-37128. WHAT IS GST. -Tax on Goods & Services. -ITC set-off from producer to retailer. -Tax on Value Addition at each stage. -Consumption/Destination based tax. -Final Burden on Consumer.

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GST w.e.f. 01-04-2010

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gst w e f 01 04 2010

GST w.e.f. 01-04-2010

by-CA, Virander Chauhan

New Delhi

M: 98101-37128

what is gst
  • -Tax on Goods & Services.
  • -ITC set-off from producer to retailer.
  • -Tax on Value Addition at each stage.
  • -Consumption/Destination based tax.
  • -Final Burden on Consumer.
  • -Transaction Tax.
benefits of gst
  • Self enforcing mechanism
  • No cascading on prices
  • Simple law
  • Revenue buoyant
  • Low rates of tax
  • Low compliance cost
  • Easy to administer
  • FDI/ Exports friendly
fm p mukherjee said on 10 11 09
FM (P Mukherjee) said on 10-11-09
  • -Multiplicity of taxes
  • -Narrow Base
  • -Overlapping of Taxes
  • -ITC not allowed fully
  • -Variety of Exemptions
  • -High Rate of Tax
  • -Structure prone to litigation
  • -State Autonomy not at stake
  • -State Fiscal Policy much wider
  • -IT Base solutions
discussion paper released on 10 nov 09
DISCUSSION PAPERreleased on 10-Nov-09
  • -Founded in 2006
  • -EC Constituted
  • -EC-Set up JWG
  • -To set roadmap for GST
asim das gupta chairman ec et 10 nov 09
Asim Das Gupta, Chairman, EC ET-10-Nov-09

“There are some differences among States. Each State has its own local problem. We have to recognize these problems. We are trying to understand each others position.”

fm pranab mukherjee 10 11 2009
FM-Pranab Mukherjee10-11-2009

“These are the views of the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers. We will also look into it.”

virander chauhan stated on 11 11 09
Virander Chauhanstated on 11-11-09
  • “The Discussion Paper conceals more and reveals less”.
  • “It is like a mini-skirt which cover-up the essentials but gives us an idea.”
discussion paper tax structure
Discussion PaperTax Structure
  • -CGST
  • -SGST
  • -IGST
  • -Common in all statutes
      • Taxable Base
      • Chargeability of tax
      • Taxable Event
      • Taxable Person
      • Valuation Methods
      • Classification of goods and Services
      • Returns
      • Payments
      • ITC Mechanism
      • TIN-PAN Based
multiple state laws
Multiple State Laws

“This dual GST model would be implemented through multiple statutes (one for CGST and SGST statute for every State). However, the basic features of law such as chargeability, definition of taxable event and taxable person, measure of levy including valuation provisions, basis of classification etc. would be uniform across these statutes as far as practicable.”-Para 3.2 (i)

goods outside gst net
  • -Below Threshold
  • -Exempted List
  • -Petroleum Products
  • -Tobacco-partly
  • -Alcoholic Beverages
set off of itc
  • -CGST & SGST (Intra-chain)
  • -Inter-chain ITC not allowed
  • -IGST (All CGST, SGST and IGST allowed)
threshold limits
  • -SGST-Rs. 10.00 Lakhs
  • -CGST-Rs. 1.50 Crore
  • -SGST for Services-(Higher Limit Expected)
  • -Composition-(Rs. 50 Lakh/.50% Tax)
taxes to be subsumed

(Taxes Related to goods and services are to be subsumed)


  • Central Excise Duty
  • Additional Excise Duties (AED)
  • The Excise Duty-(Medicinal and Toiletries Preparation Act)
  • Service Tax
  • Additional Customs Duty (CVD)
  • Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD)
  • Surcharges
  • Cesses
taxes to be subsumed18


  • VAT/Sales Tax
  • Entertainment Tax-(Except by local bodies)
  • Luxury Tax
  • Taxes on lottery, betting and gambling
  • State cesses and surcharges
  • Entry Tax-(not in lieu of Octroi)
what gst will not subsume
What GST will not subsume?
  • Basic Custom Duty-?
  • Purchase Tax-?
  • Property Tax
  • Stamp Duty
  • Toll Tax
  • Road Tax
  • Passenger Tax
  • Electricity Tax
rates of tax
  • -Standard Items-(14 to 16% expected)
  • -Necesities-(6 to 8% expected)
  • -Precious Metals-(1% expected)
  • -Exempted Items-(0%-without ITC)
  • -Zero Rated-(0% with ITC)
  • -Services-Standard Rate
tax collections indirect taxes
Tax CollectionsIndirect Taxes
  • “The total indirect tax collection for April-October 2009 are only 47% of the total budgeted target for 2009-10.”-ET
imports and exports


  • -Both CGST and SGST
  • -Tax Credit on Destination Principle
  • -ITC will be allowed


  • -Zero Rated
  • -ITC-Cash refund
  • -Zero Rated
  • -ITC-Cash refunds
  • -No benefit for DTA
  • -No breakage of chain
inter state transactions 1
Inter-State Transactions-1
  • Threshold not clear.
  • All transactions subject to IGST.
  • Stock transfer/ Consignment may be out of IGST net.
  • Inter-State seller can set off IGST, CGST and SGST credit on his purchases.
inter state transactions 2
Inter-State Transactions-2
  • Exporting State will transfer to the Centre the credit of SGST used in payment of IGST.
  • The importing dealer will claim credit of IGST paid.
  • The Centre will transfer to the importing State the credit of IGST used in payment of SGST.
  • Clearing House mechanism.
iss example b h p dealer30
ISS-Example[B] H P Dealer

Action Points:

(a) Deposit of Taxes [Rs. 30,000 (IGST)-Rs. 20,000/- = Rs. 10,000/-]

(b) Transfer of SGST Rs. 10,000/- to the Centre’s Account.

b punjab dealer32
[B] Punjab Dealer

Action Points:

(a) Deposit of Taxes [Rs. 40,000 -Rs. 30,000/- (IGST) = Rs. 10,000/-]

(b) Centre to Transfer SGST Rs. 20,000/- to Punjab’s Account.

b punjab dealer33
[B] Punjab Dealer

Finally: -

(a) Centre will get Rs. 20,000/-.

(b) Punjab will get Rs. 20,000/-

constitutional changes
  • -States to levy tax on services
  • -States to levy tax on imports
  • -Centre to levy tax on goods
contentious issues 1 satya poddar tax partner at ernst young
Contentious issues-1 Satya Poddar-Tax Partner at Ernst & Young

“The GST first discussion paper on GST is patchwork of political compromises which is neither good economics nor good politics. In spite of expensive deliberations over the past three years, it is silent on many important aspects of tax structure.

contentious issues 2 m govind rao member pm s ceo advisory council
Contentious issues-2M Govind Rao-Member, PM’s CEO Advisory Council

“Dual GST rates are workable but it generally increase administrative complications. The most important issue to be discussed in detail is how interstate transactions would be dealt with.”

contentious issues 3 seshagiri rao joint md jsw steel
Contentious issues-3Seshagiri Rao-Joint MD, JSW Steel

“Once implemented, the goods and service tax would reduce the cascading impact of taxes and end-users will benefit by getting products at relatively lower prices.”

contentious issues 4
Contentious issues-4
  • States’ Autonomy
  • Reality Sector-out of net.
  • Drafting of New Laws
  • Fixation of RNR
  • Rural India a big threat
  • Organized Frauds
  • Administrative Issues
  • Robust Electronic System
contentious issues 5
Contentious issues-5
  • Threshold Limit
  • Definition of manufacture
  • Cross Chain ITC
  • IGST Cross Chain allowed
  • Basic Customs Duty is outside
  • VAT/Excise laws cannot be repealed
  • Single Statute for States?
  • Old Exemption Schemes to continue
contentious issues 6
Contentious issues-6
  • Effective Date
  • Effective Rate (10%+10% in FAQ Ex.)
  • Taxable Event
  • Stock Transfers/ Consignments
  • Works Contracts-Raheja Case
  • Check-Posts
  • Refunds-Exporters, Non Exporters, Area Bases Exemptions, from Two authorities.
contentious issues 7
Contentious issues-7
  • ITC crisis for consuming States.
  • Old Acts may not be repealed.
sectoral impacts positive
Sectoral Impacts-Positive
  • Automobile-positive
  • Cement-positive
  • FMCG-positive
  • Metals-positive
sectoral impacts negative
Sectoral Impacts-Negative
  • Telecom & Power-negative
      • Central purchases would be costlier
  • Pharma-negative
      • Taxes may go up
      • Exemptions may go
  • Real estate-negative
      • ITC not allowed
  • IT-negative
      • Taxes may go up
      • Exemptions may go
  • Oil & Gas-negative
sectoral impacts neutral
Sectoral Impacts-Neutral
  • Aviation-neutral
  • Media-neutral
authors recommendations
Authors’ Recommendations
  • Act must be simple
  • Act must be neutral
  • Competent machinery
  • All indirect taxes to subsume
  • Immune to political considerations
  • Minimum exemptions
  • Historical realities
  • Public debate


CA, Virander Chauhan

New Delhi

M: 98101-37128