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Agri Sci 102 Presentation

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  1. Classification and Identification of Beef Cattle Breeds Agri Sci 102 Presentation

  2. Review On Anatomy • We learned the terms Dorsal, Ventral, Medial, Lateral, Anterior, and Posterior. • We learned the Differences in Skeletal Structure between, Cattle and Swine. • What else did we learn about Anatomy Yesterday.

  3. OBJECTIVES • To be able to Classify Beef Cattle Breeds into Bos Taurus or Bos Indicus . • To be able to Classify Beef Cattle Breeds into British, European. • To be able to Determine or Give the Make up of Certain Composite Breeds. • To Give the Attributes of Specific Breeds.

  4. Classification Why do we Need It • We classify everything. Example Automobiles • We Break them down into Cars and Trucks, How can we break them down even further.

  5. Classification Of Automobiles

  6. CLASSIFICATION OF BEEF CATTLE

  7. BRITISH BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE • Hereford • Polled Herefords • Black Angus • Red Angus • Devon • Shorthorn • Red Poll

  8. EUROPEAN BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE • Simmental • Limousin • Maine-Anjou • Salers • Charolais • Piedmontese • Blonde d’Aquitaine

  9. ZEBU BREEDS OF BEEF CATTLE • Grey Brahman • Nelore • Indo Brazilian • Red Brahman • Africander

  10. COMPOSITE BREEDS OF CATTLE • Brangus (RED & BLACK) • Beefmasters Beefmaker • Simbrah Braford • Bramousin Santa Gertrudis • American 7 Way Composite • Salorn

  11. HYBRID-VIGOR BENEFITS • More Climate variable • Increased Growth Rate • Increased Vigor and Fertility

  12. BOS TAURUS BEEF BREEDS BRITISH / EUROPEAN

  13. Hereford • Originated in England • Red with white points • Horned usually • Known for pink eye Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  14. Red Angus • Originated in the British Isles • Same as Black Angus • Barred from Angus herdbook • Recognized as separate breed Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  15. Black Angus • Native to Angus (near Scotland) • Most popular beef breed in the US • Always black in color • Can produce Red Angus • Known for Marbling Ability Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  16. Texas Longhorn • Originated in the United States • Various colors • Almost went extinct • Known for Low Birth Weights and Calving ease for Heifers Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  17. Red Poll • Developed in England • Primarily used for meat in US • Milk production in other countries • Dark red and polled Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  18. Shorthorn • Originated in England • White to red in color • Roane Color, very popular for show heifers. Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  19. Devon • Originated in England • Also called North Devon • One of the oldest beef breeds • At one time used for milk • Mature cows weigh 950-1300 lbs. Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

  20. Limousin • Native to South-Central France • Golden-red to red-brown in color Bos Taurus European Breed Classification

  21. Simmental • First recorded in Switzerland • Large body mass • Light red to dark red with white points • Known for Maternal Characteristics Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  22. Wagyu • All Japanese cattle • Various colors • Consists of many Japanese breeds • Known for Marbling in the Meat Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  23. Piedmontese • Originated in Italy • Double muscled breed • Light to dark gray in color Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  24. Blonde d’Aquitaine • Originated in France • Blonde color • Known for Heavy Muscle Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  25. Salers • Native to France • Milk production important in Europe • Rod to brown in color • Known for some Carcass Merit Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  26. Tarentaise • Originated in France • Used for milk in Europe • Red color Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  27. Maine-Anjou • Originated in France • Mature bulls weigh 2100-3000 lbs. • Mature cows weigh 1500-1900 lbs. • Dark red with white markings Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

  28. BOS INDICUS BEEF BREEDS ZEBU

  29. Red Brahman • Heat and Insect Resistant • Mothering Ability Bos Indicus Classification

  30. Brahman • Developed in the United States • Breeds from India used • Light gray or red to black • Known for Mothering Ability Bos Indicus Classification

  31. Nelore • Known form having smaller ears and cleaner lines than other zebu breeds. • Biggest populations in South America. • Heat and Insect tolerant Bos Indicus Classification

  32. Indo Brazilian • Known for Large Ears • Heaviest Populations in South America • High in Maternal Attributes Bos Indicus Classification

  33. Africander • Native to South Africa • Usually red with long horns • Used for meat and as a draft animal • Mature cows weigh 1150-1350 lbs. • Mature bulls weigh 1650-2200 lbs. Bos Indicus Classification

  34. Composite Beef Cattle Breeds

  35. American • Developed in New Mexico • Official breed conformation- • 1/2 Brahman • 1/8 Bison • 1/4 Charolais • 1/16 Hereford • 1/16 Shorthorn • Composite Breed Classification

  36. Brangus • Originated in the United States • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8 Angus • Solid black • Polled Composite Breed Classification

  37. Bramousin • Originated in the United States • Golden to red in color • 5/8 Limousin, 3/8 Brahman Composite Breed Classification

  38. Braford • Developed in Florida • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8Hereford • Red with white points Composite Breed Classification

  39. Simbrah • Originated in the United States • Brahman and Simmental breeds used • Light to dark red with some white marks Composite Breed Classification

  40. Beefmaker • Originated in the United States • 3/4 Hereford, 1/4 Simmental • Red with white points Composite Breed Classification

  41. Beefmaster • Originated in the United States • Brahman, Hereford, and Shorthorn • Composite Breed Classification

  42. Salorn • Developed in the United States • 5/8 Salers. 3/8 Texas Longhorn • Lean meat • Environmentally adaptable Composite Breed Classification

  43. Texon • Originated in the United States • Texas Longhorn and Devon breeds used Composite Breed Classification

  44. Santa Gertrudis *Originated at the King Ranch in Texas *Made up of Brahman, Hereford, and Shorthorn Breeds *Known for Heat tolerance Composite Breed Classification

  45. Review Of Beef Cattle Classification • Cattle are Classified into Two Groups • The Bos Taurus Classification includes what two Groups. • What are some Composite Breeds and what are their makeup. • What are some Breeds Attributes.

  46. worksheet.ppt