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COMM101 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION Instructor s Assist. Prof. Dr. Nurten Kara (Group1) & Assist. Prof. Dr. Melek Atabey (Group2). The Definition of Communication.
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As John Fiske says,
1. an act or an instance of communicating
2. a verbal or written message
3. a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs or behaviour . (Longman Dictionary)
1. to convey knowledge of or information about; make known
2. to cause to pass from one another (vi)
3. to transmit information thought, or feeling so that it is satisfactorily received or understood.
5.techniques for the effective transmission of information, ideas etc.
Why do we communicate?To survive.To work with others (cooperation).To satisfy our personal needs.To be involved with other people, to form and maintain relationships.To persuade other people to think in the way we do or to act in the way we do.To gain/exert power or to rebel against power.To give and receive information.To gain economic benefits.To make sense of the world and our experience of it.To decide on what we think and what we do.To express our imagination and ourselves to others.
As one of the vital features of human beings, communication is experienced from the cradle to the grave and includes all of the intentional and unintentional dimensions in our relations with ourselves, with others, and with our environment.
The content of any message depends very much on:
Inter-disciplinary(interaction with outside disciplines; individual disciplines are left intact). However, note that the space of “inter” is already a different space than the spaces of the distinct disciplines that are brought together.
Multi-disciplinary(more than one discipline in the field, interaction that may or may not bring about mutual transformation).
TransdisciplinaryPorous borders; disciplines are re-shaped again and again.
Communication Studies as a field of study:What is its aim, its reason for being?Why do we study in this field?
The etymology of the word communication as a genealogical tool for understanding its meaning
Human communication is divided into two main groups:
Communication can also be separated into different types or categories:
Mass communication involves one or more transmitters who communicate with a large number of receivers.
Mass comm. is ‘mediated’ through a specific set of technologies which stand between the senders and receivers.Differences between mass and interpersonal communication
A 'heavy metal' fan
A male model
A second-hand car dealer
A school teacher
A lorry driverSTUDENT ACTIVITY
This definition would include the following:
Physical contact between people is one of the
most basic kinds of social act available to us. Who
we touch, and when, and in what way is
Touch is an especially important factor in the following situations:
We frequently make use of touch and the power of touch in social situations, such as:
The distance we feel necessary to keep betweenourselves and others. How much space we expect to have around us can be determined by:
Other ways in which non-verbalcommunication takes place:
We can communicate a good deal about ourselves without ever moving any body parts at all:
There are a number of parallels we can draw between non-verbal communication and verbal language. They are both what communication scholars would refer to as codes. In particular, so far it looks as if we might hypothesize that, similarly to language:
Cultural Studies: Content Analysis vs Textual Analysis