Studying the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere using LIDAR technique Dinh Van Trung and - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Studying the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere using LIDAR technique Dinh Van Trung and

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  1. Studying the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere using LIDAR technique Dinh Van Trung and Nguyen Thanh Binh, Nguyen Dai Hung, Dao Duy Thang, Bui Van Hai, Nguyen Xuan Tuan Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology

  2. Metal layers (Na, K, Fe ...) Cirrus clouds Aerosols, clouds, gases

  3. Monthly mean AOD in March 2006 by MODIS at 550 nm and forward trajectories of air parcels Deng et al. (2008)

  4. Why do we develop LIDAR to study the atmosphere - High spatial and temporal resolution - Large measurement range - Continuous coverage in time

  5. High power pulsed laser and the transient recorder are usually the most expensive components of the LIDAR Computer

  6. Behrendt et al. (2002)

  7. Laser trasmmitter f/D=10 20 cm Option ! Spatial filter Collimator Raman channel N2or H2O Dichroic mirror 1064/532 nm 1064 nm filter Nd:YAG 1064 nm Photodiode trigger 532 nm filter APD PMT Polarizing beam splitter PMT ADC Photon counter #1 Photon counter #1 PMT Photodiode trigger λ/2 wave-plate ADC Nd:YAG 532 nm Computer Photon counter #2

  8. Initial version of the LIDAR in early 2010

  9. Dual wavelength LIDAR system at IoP

  10. Main characteristics of the LIDAR system Transmitter: Quantel Brilliant Nd:YAG laser (10 Hz, 350 mJ/pulse at 1064 nm, 180 mJ/pulse at 532 nm) Receiving module: - Telescope: 20 cm in diameter, f/D = 10 - Dichroic beam splitter: 1064 nm/532 nm - Narrow band filters: 3 nm for 532 nm channel 10 nm for 1064 nm channel - Detectors: APD for 1064 nm channel PMT in either analog or photon counting mode for 532 nm channels

  11. Detectors - 1064 nm channel: Avalanche photodiode + Trans-impedance amplifier - 532 nm channels: R7400U from Hamamatsu - Raman channels (607 nm or 660 nm): H6780-20 photosensor module from Hamamatsu Digitizer for analog detection - Up to 03 simultaneous channels - Shielded & low noise pre-amplifier - 12-bit ADC at 20 MSPS (80 MSPS possible)

  12. Development of photon counting technique High speed amplifier Discriminator PMT HV PS Pulse stretcher FPGA board with USB Computer High speed USB Scope Our electronic detection system provides flexible and low cost multichannel photon counting capability.

  13. LIDAR signal measured with Photon counting technique 1-minute average (600 shots) Single shot after the amplifier and pulse stretcher

  14. Labview GUI for data acquisition in analog or photon counting mode

  15. 1064 nm channel (13 April 2011) – 5-minute average

  16. 532 nm channel (18 April 2011) analog mode, 30-minute average at 10:30 am and at 11:30 am MSIS-90E model for Hanoi Time (μsec)

  17. Elastic & N2 Raman measurements Raman N2 607 nm 532 nm 00:30 to 03:30 am, 18 October 2010

  18. Comparison between elastic and N2 Raman signal

  19. Elastic & H2O Raman measurements 532 nm H2O Raman at 660 nm

  20. Depolarization measurement at 532 nm (18 May 2011) 10-minute average at 10:00 am

  21. 532 nm channel in photon counting mode 18 April 2011, 20-minute average MSIS-90E model for Hanoi

  22. Temperature profile for 18 April 2011 LIDAR Radiosonde

  23. Boundary layer monitoring with LIDAR Small (8-cm) telescope for 532 nm channel

  24. Range corrected signal from 16:00 to 21:00 22 May 2011

  25. Small LIDAR for boundary layer monitoring Transmitter: Pulsed diode laser at 905 nm Repetition rate 5 kHz Pulse width 100 ns Pulse energy 1 - 2 μJ Receiving module: Telescope 20 cm in diameter Bandpass filter 10 nm FWHM Cooled APD in Geiger photon counting mode

  26. Small LIDAR system for boundary layer monitoring

  27. Backscattered signal from clouds Backscattered signal from atmosphere

  28. Summary - Atmospheric properties and different solid and gaseous components have been probed using a dual wavelength LIDAR was developed at IoP. - Aerosol distribution above Hanoi is being measured and found to be distributed mostly below about 4 - 5 km. - Cirrus clouds have been monitored regularly. - The LIDAR is being been used regularly to monitor the boundary layer. - Atmospheric temperature profile up to above 30 km has been measured with satisfactory accuracy.