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The Business Register: Introduction and Overview. Ronald H. Lee Ronald.H.Lee @Census.GOV 301-763-6529. BR: Introduction and Overview. What the Business Register Is and How We Use It Key Concepts and Definitions Register’s Main Components Its Content Its Data Sources.

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the business register introduction and overview
The Business Register:Introduction and Overview
  • Ronald H. Lee
  • Ronald.H.Lee@Census.GOV
  • 301-763-6529
br introduction and overview
BR: Introduction and Overview
  • What the Business Register Is and How We Use It
  • Key Concepts and Definitions
  • Register’s Main Components
  • Its Content
  • Its Data Sources
what is the business register
What is the Business Register?
  • Simply stated it’s the Census Bureau’s master business list
how is the br used
How is the BR used?
  • Its primary function is to identify target populations for business statistics programs. This includes:
    • The Enumeration list for the Economic Census
    • Survey sampling frames
  • Its secondary function is to provide a central storage of administrative data that:
    • Serves as a control file for data collection and processing
    • Provides data for statistical products
    • Source for economic research
some key concepts and definitions
Some Key Concepts and Definitions
  • The BR identifies five basic types of statistical units:
  • Business
    • Establishment - plant
    • Enterprise - company
    • Enterprise segment or alternative reporting unit – group of establishments designed to facilitate reporting
  • Administrative
    • Employee Identification Number (EIN) – Business Taxpayer
    • Social Security Number (SSN) – Individual Taxpayer
key concepts and definitions
Key Concepts and Definitions
  • Business units are further defined by their complexity
  • Single-establishment enterprise:
    • An enterprise that operates just one establishment
    • Aka as single unit or SU.
  • Multi-establishment enterprise:
    • An enterprise that operates two or more establishments
    • Aka a multiunit or MU
    • Multiunits may be--
      • Simple: one EIN, no subsidiaries
      • Complex:
        • Two or more EINs and/or
        • One or more subsidiaries
single unit
Single Unit

For all practical purposes,

the enterprise, establishment, and EIN unit

are one and the same

=

=

=

simple multiunit
Simple Multiunit
  • The simplest MU enterprise
  • 2 establishments
  • 1 EIN unit
  • Very typical MU

(most have only a few

establishments)

  • EIN reports both payroll

and income tax

slide9

More Complex Multiunit

  • A more complex MU may have:
  • Multiple EIN units
  • One subsidiary enterprise or more
system design
System Design
  • Oracle Database
  • Many Related Tables
  • Interactive Web-Based Interface built with Oracle Forms & Procedural Language/SQL
    • Interface used for research and updates
  • Interactive and batch routines are used to load, update, correct, and edit data
kinds of data in the br
Kinds of Data in the BR
  • Unit Identifiers
  • Census ID
    • A unique ID number that serves as the primary identifier
  • EIN
    • IRS assigned uniquely identifies entities and links them to both parent enterprise and the establishments that they represent
kinds of data in the br1
Kinds of Data in the BR
  • Contact Information
    • Business name
    • Postal address
    • Company reporting official
      • Name
      • Telephone & FAX number
      • E-mail address
    • Main use is to deliver collection instruments
kinds of data in the br2
Kinds of Data in the BR
  • Classifications
  • Includes:
    • Industry classification - NAICS
    • Geographic classification – states, counties, etc.
    • Legal form & tax status
    • Entity type (ENT, MU, SU, SBM)
  • Main uses:
    • Scope determination (frame construction)
    • Report form assignment
    • Products
kinds of data in the br3
Kinds of Data in the BR
  • Size and Economic Activity Measures
  • Examples:
    • Number of employees for pay period that includes March 12
    • Payroll – 1st quarter and annual
    • Sales/receipts/revenue
    • Total assets
    • Expenses
    • Inventory – beginning and ending
  • Main uses:
    • Identifying active units
    • Scope determination (e.g., employers)
    • Stratifying sampling frames
    • CBP and other tabulations
kinds of data in the br4
Kinds of Data in the BR
  • Control and Status Indicators
  • Examples:
    • Active status (identifies active units & active links)
    • Coverage codes
    • Sampling information (e.g., sampling status, weight)
    • Mailing indicators

(e.g., form number, reporting medium)

    • Check-in & correspondence codes
    • Status codes for Front-End Edit processing
  • Main uses:
    • Identifying active units
    • Managing data collection and processing
br data sources administrative
BR Data Sources – Administrative
  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS):
  • Business Master File (BMF)
    • Description: Master EIN entity directory
    • Data supplied:
      • EIN
      • Owner’s SSN only for sole proprietorships
      • Primary (legal) and secondary (trade) name
      • Mailing and physical location address
      • Principal Business Activity Code (broad industry, rough NAICS basis)
      • Tax filing requirement indicators
    • Main Uses: Foundation for recent entries (births); other basic identifying information for single units/EIN entities
    • Frequency and annual volume:
      • All active EINs — In May, 24 million records
      • Changes — 11 monthly supplements, 18 million records
br data sources administrative1
BR Data Sources – Administrative
  • IRS (Cont):
  • Payroll tax returns
    • Form 941 filed quarterly by business employers
    • Form 943 filed annually by agricultural employers
    • Data supplied:
      • EIN
      • Employment for pay period including March 12
      • Payroll
      • Tax period covered
    • Main Uses: Current payroll and employment measures for single units/EIN entities
    • Frequency and annual volume: Weekly files from current IRS processing, 25 million records
br data sources administrative2
BR Data Sources - Administrative
  • IRS (Cont):
  • Business income tax returns
    • Types
      • Corporations (Form 1120 series)
      • Partnerships (Form 1065)
      • Sole proprietorships (Form 1040, Schedule C)
      • Selected tax-exempt organizations (Form 990 series)
    • Content
      • EIN
      • Owner’s SSN for sole proprietorships
      • Receipts
      • Assets measure
      • Selected Expenses
      • Principal Business Activity Code (broad industry, rough NAICS basis)
br data sources administrative3
BR Data Sources - Administrative
  • IRS (Cont):
  • Business income tax returns (cont)
    • Main Uses:
      • Provides basic dollar volume of business (revenue, receipts, sales) for single units, plus
      • Assets measure
      • Broad industrial classification, especially for recent entries (births)
      • Editing
    • Frequency and annual volume: weekly files from February through December, 32 million records
br data sources administrative4
BR Data Sources - Administrative
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS):
  • Description:The Census Bureau provides BLS quarterly with a file of unclassified single units and partially classified manufacturing single units from the BR. BLS compares these records against their Business Establishment List (BEL) and returns corresponding NAICS codes whenever one is found.
  • Content:
    • EIN
    • NAICS code
    • Other incidental information
  • Main Uses: Industrial classifications for single unit entities that are recent entries, I.e. births
  • Frequency and annual volume:
    • Quarterly
    • 300,000 - 500,000 matched/classified EINs annually (50 - 55 percent success rate)
br data sources administrative5
BR Data Sources - Administrative
  • Social Security Administration (SSA):
  • Description:
    • SSA provides files of new businesses and organization taxpayers (births) that file an application for employer identification, Form SS-4.
  • Content:
    • EIN
    • 6 digit NAICS codes for new businesses
    • Geographic information
    • Estimated employment
    • Other incidental information
  • Main Uses:
    • Source of births
  • Frequency and annual volume:
    • Monthly, lags Form SS-4 filing by 8-12 months
    • 1.8 million records
br data sources surveys
BR Data Sources - Surveys
  • Company Organization Survey
  • Description:
    • Register profiling survey directed to selected multiunit enterprises. It’s necessary because administrative records do not describe in detail relationships among multi-unit enterprises, their EIN entities, and their establishments.
  • Content
    • Ownership or control by a U.S. parent
    • Ownership or control by a foreign parent
    • Inventory of establishments, verifying or collecting each reported establishment’s primary and secondary name, physical location, EIN used for payroll tax reporting, NAICS, employment for pay period including March 12, first quarter and annual payroll, and year-end operating status
br data sources surveys1
BR Data Sources - Surveys
  • Company Organization Survey (Cont)
  • Main Uses:
    • Maintain information about multiunit enterprises establishment composition, organization, and activity
  • Volume and frequency/timing
    • The survey panel covers:
      • 55,000 multiunit enterprises (30% of all such enterprises and approx 80% of their employment and payroll)
      • 1.0 million affiliated establishments (66% of all multiunit establishments)
    • Annual survey initiated in December of the reference year with collection and processing that spans January - August
br data sources census
BR Data Sources – Census
  • Economic Census
  • For each establishment the Census provides:
    • Ownership or control by a parent enterprise
    • Location of operation
    • Primary and secondary name
    • Physical location address
    • EIN used for payroll tax reporting
    • NAICS and Type of Operation
    • Employment for pay period including March 12
    • First quarter and annual payroll
    • Dollar volume of business (value of shipments, sales, receipts, revenue)
    • Year-end operating status
    • Value of products and services by category (selectively)
br data sources census1
BR Data Sources – Census
  • Economic Census (Continued)
  • Main Uses:
    • For establishment units - the Economic Census provides:
      • NAICS code
      • Type of Operation
      • EIN used for payroll reporting
      • Company affiliation
      • Separate attributes for basic operating measures from the censuses (employment, payroll, sales/receipts/revenue)
    • For enterprise units – the Economic Census provides the establishment composition and organization
  • Frequency/timing
    • Every 5 years (covers years ending in ‘2’ and ‘7’)
    • Initiated in December of the reference year with collection and processing that spans January - September
  • Volume: Direct collection is from 5 million establishments
br data sources current surveys
BR Data Sources – Current Surveys
  • Current Economic Surveys
  • Description:
    • Although admin records, the COS, and the economic censuses provide the great majority of the information needed to maintain the BR, the Bureau’s monthly, quarterly, and annual surveys are also important sources of updates.
  • BR Uses:
    • For example the Annual Survey of Manufactures, which is closely linked to the COS, provides feedback of coverage and classification information for manufacturers and their establishments.
    • Similarly, monthly economic surveys are often first to identify new multiunit establishments, changes in ownership, and updated address information. These data are passed back to the BR.