Iroquois Constitution • Dekandawidah proposed a constitution to the 5 Iroquois nations. • Made ritual for when candidate lord was installed. • Said the leaders should be thick skinned – not easily offended. • Said not to ignore warnings of others.
The Earth on Turtle’s Back • Skyland chief’s wife expecting. • Dream depicted removal of Great Tree- husband followed dream • Wife fell through hole left by tree with seeds in hand • Caught by swans; other marine animals determined she needed land. • Duck, Beaver, Loon, Muskrat tried to dive and get ground from ocean floor. • Only Muskrat succeeded; placed dirt on turtle’s back which became whole world. Woman planted seeds which grew into grass and trees.
When Grizzlies Walked Upright • Carved hole in sky and pushed all snow and ice below til was Mount Shasta. • Walked down mountain – from footsteps rivers formed. Where finger touched grew a tree. • Broke giant stuck – longer became beaver and otter, smaller were fish. Largest were bears – walked upright. • Brought family to earth, daughter disobeyed him and poked head out of smoke hole – wind dragged her away. Grizzlies found her and raised her. She had a family with the grizzlies who became Indians. • Chief of Sky Spirits outraged- made bears walk on all fours.
Navajo Origin Legend • 12th day : dried selves with cornmeal. Blue & Black Body carried bucksin. White Body carried white and yellow corn. • Bucksin head to west : on top, corn with tips to east Beneath, eagle feather of corresponding color. Another bucksin on top with head to east. White wind blew from east, yellow from west, through the skins. • When buckskin lifted, corn was gone and a man and woman were there instead. White into man. Yellow into woman. Fingerprints are from the wind blowing through buckskins.
Christopher Columbus • Sailed in 1492 • Wanted Queen Isabella to Finance Voyage • Landed on the Bahamas – Mistaken for India • Named the island San Salvador • Wrote to try and impress the Queen to keep her funding
John Smith • Egotist • Lead first successful colony in North America • Jamestown • President for One Year • Embellished his stories to make himself look good • Befriended Pocahontas • Life saved by her when Indians tried executing him • Treated Indians Harshly • The General History of Virginia
William Bradford • Helped to found Massachussetts Bay Colony • Re-elected as governor 30 times • Signed peace treaty with the Indians • Of Plymouth Plantation • More humble and realistic • Faced many hardships • Disease, starvation, etc.
OlaudahEquiano • Prince in Benin • Sold into Slavery • 11 when enslaved • Wasn’t shackled • Became ill so kept on deck • Later bought his freedom • Ship crowded and unsanitary
Bradstreet • Woman who wrote about her husband • Expressed great love for her husband • Frowned upon because it wasn’t about god • Angered the people • Lived in Massachusetts Bay Colony • Puritan
Taylor • Westfield Massachussetts • Harvard College • Minister • Physician • Regarded as one of best colonial poets • Huswifery • Praised god
Edwards • Brilliant • Puritan Preacher • Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God • Became leader of Great Awakening • Religious revival • Made 6 Hour Sermon • Struck fear into people