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  1. Eco-Terrorism...? Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  2. Eco-Terrorism • Refers to acts of terrorism, violence or sabotage for ecological, environmental, or animal rights causes against persons or their property. • From 2003-2008, the FBI has credited eco-terrorism with $200 million in property damage. ($40 million/yr). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eco-terrorism Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  3. Eco-Terrorism • Many environmentalists believe that the term eco-terrorism would be more appropriately applied to corporations, governments and individuals that cause environmental destruction for personal financial gain. • They also believe that the term’s main purpose is to criminalize legitimate civil disobedience by associating it with terrorism. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eco-terrorism Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  4. “A vigilante eco-terrorist group” (Monash University, 2008). “Sea Shepherd uses violent tactics...they are violent extremists” (Green Peace, 2009). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  5. “Sea Shepherd adheres to the utilization of non-violent principles in the course of all actions and has taken a standard against violence in the protection of the oceans” (http://www.seashepherd.org/). “I love Sea Shepherd ...God Bless you” (Fox News Broadcaster, 2009). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  6. Sea Shepherd • Mission Statement: “Our mission is to end the destruction of habitat and the slaughter of wildlife in the World’s oceans...by using direct action to expose and control illegal activities on the high seas.” http://www.seashepherd.org/who-we-are Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  7. Tactics • Ram Whaling Vessels in the open sea. • Use laser devices to temporarily blind wailers. • Board vessels to confront wailers. • Cut drift nets and destroy harpoons. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Shepherd_Conservation_Society Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  8. Paul Watson • “We want the whalers to be afraid so they’re feeling the kind of fear they inflict on those they kill” (Watson, Sea Shepherd founder, 09). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  9. The Japanese Whaling Industry • Every year attempts to illegally slaughter 1,000 whales in the Antarctic Whale Sanctuary. • Kill indiscriminately, including whale calves, pregnant mothers, and endangered species. • Claim that they are killing whales for research purposes only. http://www.seashepherd.org/ Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  10. International Whaling Commission Purpose: to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks. (http://iwcoffice.org/commission/iwcmain.htm) Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  11. UN World Charter for Nature: 1982 • Sections 21-24: Provides authority to individuals to act on behalf of, and enforce international conservation laws (http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/37/a37r007.htm). • Sea Shepherd is the only organization whose mandate is to enforce the international conservation laws of the IWC’s memorandum on commercial whaling (http://www.seashepherd.org/). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  12. Paul Watson • “Sea Shepherd remains committed to enforcing conservation law” (Watson, 2009). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  13. Successes • 2007-08: Operation Migaloo saves 483 whales • 2008-09: Operation Musashi saves 305 whales • 2009-10: Operation Waltzing Matilda saves 528 whales • 2010-11: Operation No Compromise to commence in December http://www.seashepherd.org/ Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  14. Whale Wars http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1b8YCxJiIc Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  15. Do something! “In every historical epoch there will always be those who will rush to the defence of a morally indefensible vested interest” (Mark Twain, 1884). Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?

  16. Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eco-terrorism • Monash University, 2008. Green Peace, 2009, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eco-terrorism. • Fox News Broadcaster, 2009, http://www.seashepherd.org/. • http://www.seashepherd.org/. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Shepherd_Conservation_Society. • http://iwcoffice.org/commission/iwcmain.htm. • http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/37/a37r007.htm. • Watson, 2009, http://www.seashepherd.org/. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1b8YCxJiIc. • Mark Twain, 1884, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Luke Inglis: Eco-Terrorism...?