US Expansion 1800-1860. Why did US citizens want to move west? Who were the promoters of US expansion? What new territory was added to the US between 1800 & 1860? What was the cost in acquiring the new territory? What effect did the addition of new territory have on the US?. Elbow Room.
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President Jefferson wanted a way to ensure US use/control of the important port of New Orleans (currently under French control).
A Caribbean island also controlled by France
Napoleon Bonaparte French dictator 1799-1815
Many French masters lost their heads.
French dictator Napoleon did all he could to stop the revolt.
The slaves took over the sugar plantations
He spent big $$$$
Not Napoleon Dynamite
A slave revolt here
Cost a lot of $$ for the French government led by
Not this guy
Napoleon needed to get some fast cash
He offered to sell the Louisiana territory- which vaguely included all land west of the Mississippi river
Remember Pres. Jefferson originally wanted to control the port of New Orleans
The price $15 million
Congress authorized the purchase of New Orleans for up to $10 million
Congress gives the OK to spend $10 million on a city
I can buy the whole ball of wax for only $5 mil more… what a sweet deal..
No authority to make the deal without the approval of congress
The only problem…
In a move which was probably unconstitutional, Jefferson made the deal in the year 1803
defender of the constitution
leader of the republicans
Just totally violated the constitution & more than double the size of the United States
The man who said ”The government has only those powers specifically granted in the constitution”
“That constitution is for everyone else”
Lewis & Clark
To check out the new Real Estate
Regarding Indians Pres. Jefferson hoped that contact with “civilization” would lead to Indian enlightenment & the adaptation of the ways of civil man.
Regarding T. Jefferson re-election
He: Cut Taxes
Paid off debt
He was re-elected in 1804 by a landslide ending the Federalist party
Explored the new land and brought back great reports about how Fabulous it was “OUT WEST”
So, people started moving out there.
4. James Madison 1809-1817
5. James Monroe 1817-1825
6. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829
7. Andrew Jackson 1829-1837
Aka. “Old Hickory”
Jackson had been a war hero in the war of 1812
Before we discuss the war of 1812, lets find out about those pesky Indians who weren’t letting us have “our” land.
A war in 1812
It actually lasted until 1815
Basically, the US declared war on Great Britain to stop them from providing supplies to the Indians and maybe gain a little territory in the process.
After all we got it fair and square..
French Indian war (from France)
Revolutionary war (from England)
Louisiana purchase (from France)
What about those Indians?
The major problems started in 1794, when two brothers Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa decided to get all the natives in the Ohio Valley to ban together & stop white settlement in the area.
This coalition of native forces along with British aid defeated US forces at the Battle of fallen timbers
Gen. Harrison defeats the Indian forces at the battle of Tippecanoe opening the Ohio valley to settlement.
For his heroics he was elected the 9th President of the US
But, what about those dirty rotten British & their helping the savages..
1. British help of Indians in the west i.e. Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa in Ohio
2. British impressments of US merchant sailors.
3. Western “War Hawks” like Henry Clay in congress push for war
4. Canada looks good
The USS Constitution
Francis Scott Key
The troops @ Fort McHenry
Besides being a national hero, Jackson was also a Psycho, uneducated , odd dude from Tennessee
“The hero of New Orleans”
“The common man’s president”
A real national hero
Unless of course your of the Cherokee nation
He got to be president & he had an idea…
Of course it smaller but there are fewer of them
Indian territory 1838
Indian territory 1492
Pres. Jackson’s plan was simply to remove all Indians to the WEST side of the Mississippi River
Congress Voted on the Plan
Calvary = guys with guns on horses
Tribe after tribe was marched off by the Calvary
70,000 Indians were “removed”.
Ate bad food
Thousands died in the forced marches
Trail of Tears
Martin Van Buren
Called it a wise and humane policy to be continued
Thomas Jefferson bought it
Lewis & Clark explored it
Andrew Jackson got the Indians off it.
It’s time for people to move there!!
The United States citizens realized that they had a pre ordained “fate” to spread the country from sea to shining sea
Unfortunately, Mexico was in the way a little tiny bit…
Just a speck-
(including : California, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah…
Settlers crossed the border into Mexico
White settlers (with slaves) began to settle TX in the 1820’s
They raised big cattle on huge ranches.
War broke out in 1836 – TX gained independence from Mexico, and became a state of the Union
US citizens began to settle there.. And in 1849 after gold is discovered @ Setters Mill, Capt John Freemont & his men put up a Bear flag and called California independent
Hey with all this gold we need to make California independent
What else can we get from Mexico?
Salt lake city was settled by Mormons- seeking religious freedom in 1847.
The Mormons were good neighbors … they got along with Mexico and the Indians
Settlers also flooded into
Which was claimed by Britain (the US made a deal and got the territory peacefully)
It hasn’t stopped raining since Lewis & Clark