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US Expansion 1800-1860. Why did US citizens want to move west? Who were the promoters of US expansion? What new territory was added to the US between 1800 & 1860? What was the cost in acquiring the new territory? What effect did the addition of new territory have on the US?. Elbow Room.

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us expansion 1800 1860
US Expansion 1800-1860
  • Why did US citizens want to move west?
  • Who were the promoters of US expansion?
  • What new territory was added to the US between 1800 & 1860?
  • What was the cost in acquiring the new territory?
  • What effect did the addition of new territory have on the US?

Elbow Room

slide2

US Expansion 1800-1860

President Jefferson wanted a way to ensure US use/control of the important port of New Orleans (currently under French control).

slide3

What luck, at this exact moment a major slave revolt in Haiti.

A Caribbean island also controlled by France

Napoleon Bonaparte French dictator 1799-1815

Many French masters lost their heads.

French dictator Napoleon did all he could to stop the revolt.

The slaves took over the sugar plantations

He spent big $$$$

Not Napoleon Dynamite

slide4

Again,

A slave revolt here

Cost a lot of $$ for the French government led by

This guy

Not this guy

slide5

So, with the empty wallet

Napoleon needed to get some fast cash

He offered to sell the Louisiana territory- which vaguely included all land west of the Mississippi river

Remember Pres. Jefferson originally wanted to control the port of New Orleans

The price $15 million

Congress authorized the purchase of New Orleans for up to $10 million

slide6

Oh, Mr. Jefferson…

Congress gives the OK to spend $10 million on a city

BUT WAIT…

I can buy the whole ball of wax for only $5 mil more… what a sweet deal..

No authority to make the deal without the approval of congress

The only problem…

In a move which was probably unconstitutional, Jefferson made the deal in the year 1803

Jefferson

slide7

So, lets review

Thomas Jefferson,,,

defender of the constitution

leader of the republicans

Just totally violated the constitution & more than double the size of the United States

The man who said ”The government has only those powers specifically granted in the constitution”

“That constitution is for everyone else”

slide8

Pres. Jefferson Quickly sent

These guys

Lewis & Clark

To check out the new Real Estate

Regarding Indians Pres. Jefferson hoped that contact with “civilization” would lead to Indian enlightenment & the adaptation of the ways of civil man.

Regarding T. Jefferson re-election

He: Cut Taxes

Expanded territory

Paid off debt

He was re-elected in 1804 by a landslide ending the Federalist party

slide9

Lewis & Clark

Explored the new land and brought back great reports about how Fabulous it was “OUT WEST”

So, people started moving out there.

The Presidents

4. James Madison 1809-1817

5. James Monroe 1817-1825

6. John Quincy Adams 1825-1829

7. Andrew Jackson 1829-1837

Aka. “Old Hickory”

Jackson had been a war hero in the war of 1812

slide10

What was the war of 1812 about anyway?

Before we discuss the war of 1812, lets find out about those pesky Indians who weren’t letting us have “our” land.

A war in 1812

It actually lasted until 1815

Basically, the US declared war on Great Britain to stop them from providing supplies to the Indians and maybe gain a little territory in the process.

After all we got it fair and square..

French Indian war (from France)

Revolutionary war (from England)

Louisiana purchase (from France)

What about those Indians?

slide11

The major problems started in 1794, when two brothers Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa decided to get all the natives in the Ohio Valley to ban together & stop white settlement in the area.

This coalition of native forces along with British aid defeated US forces at the Battle of fallen timbers

slide12

The US sent Gen William Henry Harrison to fix the problem

Gen. Harrison defeats the Indian forces at the battle of Tippecanoe opening the Ohio valley to settlement.

For his heroics he was elected the 9th President of the US

But, what about those dirty rotten British & their helping the savages..

slide13

Back to the war of 1812

The causes:

1. British help of Indians in the west i.e. Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa in Ohio

2. British impressments of US merchant sailors.

3. Western “War Hawks” like Henry Clay in congress push for war

4. Canada looks good

slide14

The War of 1812

The hero’s:

President Madison

Dolly Madison

The USS Constitution

Francis Scott Key

The troops @ Fort McHenry

Andrew Jackson

slide15

Andrew Jackson

“Old Hickory”

Besides being a national hero, Jackson was also a Psycho, uneducated , odd dude from Tennessee

“The hero of New Orleans”

“The common man’s president”

A real national hero

Unless of course your of the Cherokee nation

He got to be president & he had an idea…

Jackson

slide16

His idea involved Indians and was called:

REMOVAL

Of course it smaller but there are fewer of them

Indian territory 1838

Indian territory 1492

REMOVAL

slide17

REMOVAL.

Year: 1830-1839

Pres. Jackson’s plan was simply to remove all Indians to the WEST side of the Mississippi River

Congress Voted on the Plan

YES

Calvary = guys with guns on horses

Tribe after tribe was marched off by the Calvary

70,000 Indians were “removed”.

Froze

Ate bad food

Thousands died in the forced marches

removal

exhaustion

Trail of Tears

disease

slide18

Our beautiful nation’s next President

Martin Van Buren

Called it a wise and humane policy to be continued

slide19

The West

Thomas Jefferson bought it

Lewis & Clark explored it

Andrew Jackson got the Indians off it.

slide20

Manifest Destiny

It’s time for people to move there!!

The United States citizens realized that they had a pre ordained “fate” to spread the country from sea to shining sea

Unfortunately, Mexico was in the way a little tiny bit…

Just a speck-

(including : California, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah…

slide21

The Louisiana Territory wasn’t enough

So-

Settlers crossed the border into Mexico

-

TEXAS

White settlers (with slaves) began to settle TX in the 1820’s

They raised big cattle on huge ranches.

War broke out in 1836 – TX gained independence from Mexico, and became a state of the Union

next…

slide22

California

US citizens began to settle there.. And in 1849 after gold is discovered @ Setters Mill, Capt John Freemont & his men put up a Bear flag and called California independent

Hey with all this gold we need to make California independent

What else can we get from Mexico?

slide23

UTAH

Salt lake city was settled by Mormons- seeking religious freedom in 1847.

The Mormons were good neighbors … they got along with Mexico and the Indians

slide24

Just to prove they weren’t picking on Mexico

Settlers also flooded into

Oregon

Which was claimed by Britain (the US made a deal and got the territory peacefully)

It hasn’t stopped raining since Lewis & Clark