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  1. The MilkIT Project in Tanzania – an overview MoreMilkiT Project Review and Planning & Joint Steering Committee Meeting 17-19 March 2014, Tanga, Tanzania Brigitte L. Maass

  2. Outline • Introduction • India vs. Tanzania • Implementation • Progress along MilkIT project objectives • Institutional strengthening • Productivity enhancement • Knowledge sharing • Outlook

  3. Introduction • Title: • Enhancing Dairy-based Livelihoods in India and the United Republic of Tanzania through Feed Innovation and Value Chain Development Approaches • Purpose: • To contribute to improved dairy-supported livelihoods in India and Tanzania via intensification of smallholder production focusing on feed enhancement using innovation and value chain approaches. • Links to IFAD grant policy: innovative technologies and approaches, capacity strengthening, knowledge sharing.

  4. Introduction – Project countries: “IT” India Tanzania • Led by ILRI • State of Uttarakhand(non-CRP Livestock & Fish) – Bageshwar & Sult • Partners NGOs (INHERE, CHIRAG) • Will feed into new IFAD grant project (ILSP) • Led by CIAT • Closely linked to CRP Livestock & Fish • Two regions – Morogoro & Tanga • Partners: research/ academia (SUA, TALIRI) • No link to IFAD grant policy established as yet

  5. Key differences in dairy Tanzania vs. India India Tanzania • Buffaloes, few dairy cows – almost treated as ‘family members’ • Long tradition of self-help groups (SHGs); cooperatives common • Dairy animals zero-grazed • Hay commonly produced • Processing traditional: paneer, ghee, milk sweets, other • Milk consumption is high • Cattle as assets & for social prestige, few dairy cows • Little communal organization; cooperatives evoke (negative) memories • Dairy animals zero-grazed, but most feed comes from grazing or collection • No feed conservation tradition • Little milk processing practiced, sour milk, ghee • Milk consumption is low

  6. MilkIT India

  7. MilkIT Tanzania MilkIT implementation process • Aiming to link to IFAD grant policy • Work in Pemba or Manyara? • Joining the CRP Livestock & Fish process (2012) driven by MoreMilkiT, under the common goal ‘Maziwa Zaidi’ • Site selection • Dairy value chain (DVC) assessment • Baseline survey • Choosing partners • Working via innovation platforms (IP) towards improving feeds and feeding (2013) • Feed assessment with FEAST • Setting up village IPs • Participatory definition of interventions

  8. Links to IFAD grant policy Pemba Island and Manyara Region FEAST training and DVC Assessment in Pemba (July 2012) Focus group discussions at: Kisiwani ChakeChake and Mkoani

  9. Links to IFAD grant policy Conclusions from DVC assessment in Pemba • Milk production increased over recent past • But low local consumption of milk and milk products • Promotion of consumption of milk and milk products is needed to match increased production • Improved marketing required, including also more professional processing and packaging • Because of its focus on using feed interventions to increase milk production, the IFAD-funded MilkIT project should not regard Pemba as a priority intervention area under the current circumstances of dairy development on the island

  10. MilkIT action sites Tanga Region MorogoroRegion

  11. MilkIT Partners in Tanzania • CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) – Tropical Forages Program • Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Morogoro • Tanzania Livestock Research Institute (TALIRI) – Tanga Centre • NGOs and development partners coming in • SNV • Heifer Project International • HiMWA – working with pastoralists • TBD (Tanzania Dairy Board) • TAMPRODA (Tanzania Milk Producers Association)

  12. The MilkIT team in Tanzania with MoreMilkiT representatives and attached students

  13. MilkIT Tanzania Progress along MilkIT Project components 1. Institutional strengthening 2. Productivity enhancement 3. Knowledge sharing

  14. MilkIT Tanzania Component 1. Institutional strengthening • Site selection criteria • High cattle density • Market channels: rural-rural & rural-urban • Farming systems • Milk production potential • Accessibility & distance • Potential partners/ stakeholders • Sites • In each region, 4 villages selected from 2 districts • Agreed village IP structure • 30 participants • Producers (60%) & • Other VC stakeholders (40%)

  15. MilkIT Tanzania Process used in establishing Innovation Platforms • Regional Platform meetings to implement agreed actions Tanga Morogoro • District CMT sensitization • DVC & FEAST conducted at village level • FEAST & DVC feedback to villages • IP sensitization meetings • IP member election • IPs agree on their functioning guidelines • Implement action research • Implement other interventions Mvomero Lushoto Handeni Kilosa 6 8 5 7 1 2 3 4

  16. District meetings in Tanga: Issues and action points Handeni District Meeting Lushoto Handeni • Inadequate markets: • Milk pricing will be taken care of by the Tanga Dairy Platform • SNV conducts a survey to underscore the governance of primary cooperative societies and processors • Extension & veterinary services: • Plan to recruit and distribute extension staff in every village • Plan to encourage more service providers within the district up to village level • Land availability: • Land use plan is underway • Developed bylaws to prevent invading pastoralists • Insufficient pasture: • Continuous sensitization of pastoralists on options to enhance productivity • Inadequate access to inputs: • 5 AI centres planned to be established in various sites of district • Encourage more input agents to operate in each ward

  17. MilkIT Tanzania Model of interaction of different platform levels: Tanga Tanzania DDF Action research Inter-vention Regional Dairy Platform District District District Council Management Team Action research Village IP Village IP Village IP Village IP Inter-vention

  18. District meetings in Morogoro: Issues and action points Kilosa District Meeting Mvomero Kilosa • Shortage of land: • Village land use plan in process • Provision of mini ranches • Inadequate markets: • Establishment of more collection centers • Establish more livestock markets for better coverage of district • Shortage of land: • Land use plan in process • Govt’ to recover undeveloped land (incl. from absentee investors) • Inadequate vet services: • Plan to establish ward veterinary centers • Build and rehabilitate dip tanks • Inadequate communication among stakeholders: • Engage Kilosa radio broad-casting to reach stakeholders

  19. MilkIT Tanzania Model of interaction of different platform levels: Morogoro Tanzania DDF Action research Inter-vention Regional Dairy Platform District District District Council Management Team Action research Village IP Village IP Village IP Village IP Inter-vention

  20. MilkIT Tanzania Key results from research on village IP performance in Tanga • Performance indicator ‘Access to larger variety and better feeds’ • Significantly related to frequency and quality of communication and increased exposure to different information sources of interviewees, including training particularly Key informant interviews

  21. MilkIT Tanzania Component 2. Productivity enhancement • Feed assessment • Training on FEAST tool in Morogoro & Tanga regions • 26 participants were trained • FEAST surveys in all 8 villages • 104 Farmers for individual interviews • 306 Farmers in FGDs • FEAST reports compiled from 4 districts • Challenges identified and solutions proposed are possible entry points and mark the pillars for IP functioning Focus Group Discussion Individual interview

  22. MilkIT Tanzania Productivity enhancementFEAST key results • Seasonality of feed results in seasonal milk production • Grazing is main feed source in extensive system; higher diversity of feed stuffs in semi-intensive/ intensive system • FEAST participants did not perceive feeds or feeding as key constraints • Principle constraints identified were land, water and markets for livestock and milk; genetic potential of cattle and livestock diseases; lack of knowledge on animal husbandry Seasonal feed availability in Twatwatwa village, Kilosa District, and Manyinga village, Mvomero District, Morogoro Region

  23. MilkIT Tanzania Identification of intervention strategies emerging from dairy value chain analysis • Constraints from past feed interventions • Limited number of adopted feed technologies • High resource costs of technologies in terms of labour and accessibility • Proper packaging and dissemination of technologies is needed • Mostly limited to intensive smallholder dairy production • Identified technical interventions at MilkIT sites • Pasture establishment & management • Demonstration plots • Pasture seed supply • Forage conservation • Training on feeds and feeding • Feeding routine • General cattle husbandry

  24. Planting forages in Tanga Planting forages in Morogoro

  25. MilkIT Tanzania Other interventions • Training will take place on • Forage husbandry and utilization • Forage conservation • Animal feeding and nutrition • Organizational interventions initiated • Rehabilitation of water source in Kibaya village • Decision for milk bulking in Kibaya village • Others may follow …

  26. MilkIT Tanzania Component 3. Knowledge sharing • MilkIT integration with other actors under Maziwa Zaidi • Tanga dairy platform • Participating in the regular meetings every 3 months • DDF – Tanzania Dairy Development Forum • Tanzanian fairs & exhibitions • Maziwa week exhibition • Nanenane agricultural exhibition • Joint steering committee with MoreMilkiT Tanga Platform Maziwa week

  27. MilkIT Tanzania Knowledge sharing – contd. • Sharing of common tools with MilkIT in India • Shared MilkIT Wiki: • Space to share process with partners and interested ‘outsiders’ • Online database for our reports • Partners are encouraged to use • Annual regional review and planning meetings across MilkIT project – India & Tanzania • Scientific presentations at conferences • Planned articles for international journals

  28. MilkIT Tanzania Outlook for 2014 and beyond • IP sustainability • Action research implemented in villages • Further interventions identified and initiated • Attached students conducting research • New R4D ideas to continue along IP model • Regional platforms • Set up in Morogoro • Active participation in Tanga – towards district platforms • Continuous development of DVC in collaboration with other projects • Scaling up IP model vs. hubs?

  29. MilkIT Tanzania Asantenisana! Acknowledgement of funds coming from IFAD Science to cultivate change

  30. Membership of the innovation platform in WamiSokoine village, Mvomero district, Morogoro region Drawing by Diep Pham

  31. Innovation platform actors Credit (Village Sacos) Village governance Producers Livestock extension Extension Village Innovation Platform Land Producer group Input suppliers Milk processor group Skin processor group