Gerunds and Infinitives.
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Gerunds, alsocalled ‘-ingforms’ ,can be used not only as verbs but also as adjectivesandnouns.When ‘-ingforms’ used as a verbor an adjective,theyarecalled as ‘presentparticiples’ andwhenused as a noun,wegenerallycalledthem as ‘gerunds’.
Ex:Shetriedtoavoidgettinginvolved in theirquarrels.
Thesewallsneedpainting(Thesewallsneedto be painted).
His newbookdeservesreading(deservesto be read).
This car wantsservicing(needsto be serviced).
Ournewhouserequireredecorating (needsto be redecorated).
Note:See-Hear-Watch-Notice.Aftertheseverb,ifgerund is used,it
meansthat a part of action is seen,wheninfinitivewithoutto is used
it meansthewholeaction is seen.
I sawtheblue car turnroundthecornerandhitthe car comingfromtheoppositeline. ( I witnessedthewholeaction)
I heardsomebodyopeningthefrontdoor.( Openingstartedbeforehearaction ).
***Passiveuse of theseverbs:
Theysawthe car beingtakenbythepolice.
Thenewfootballerwasseento do cooltrickswiththeball.
He deniedmurdering \havingmurderedtwopeople.
He admittedbribing\havingbribedtheofficials at thecustoms.