Ideas That Shaped Darwin’s Thinking - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ideas That Shaped Darwin’s Thinking

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  1. Ideas That Shaped Darwin’s Thinking By: Sandy Gómez

  2. Ideas that Shaped Darwin’s Thinking • Hutton & Lyell • Lamarck • Malthus

  3. James Hutton • Father of modern geology • Founder of uniformitarianism • Suggested the idea of a possible natural selection

  4. Charles Lyell • Lawyer • Founders of modern geology • Defender of uniformitarianism • Theories based on: • Geological Morphogenesis • Extinction/creation processes

  5. Hutton & Lyell • Discovered earth was very old • Earth had been changing over time • Geological processes lead to formation & destruction of landforms

  6. Hutton & Lyell

  7. Lamarck • French naturalist • Formulated 1st theory of evolution • Organisms have adaptation abilities • Able to choose • Adaptations are inheritable • Adapt in a lifetime

  8. Lamarck

  9. Malthus • Reverend • Important economical & demographical studies • “Essay on the Principle of Evolution” • A population can’t increase exponentially for ever • Famine & Disease

  10. Important questions to answer • Explain how Hutton’s studies influenced Darwin’s thinking? • Explain how Lyell’s studies influenced Darwin’s thinking? • Explain how Lamarck’s studies influenced Darwin’s thinking? • Explain how Malthus’s studies influenced Darwin’s thinking?