GENE to PROTEIN. Garrod (1909) hypothesized that the symptoms of an inherited disease reflect a person’s inability to make a particular enzyme.
The genetic code must have evolved very early in the history of life because it is nearly universal among living organisms.
“All biological catalyst are proteins.”
Usually a single mRNA is used to make many copies of a polypeptide simultaneously because several ribosomes work on translating at the same time.
Polyribosome – string of ribosomes