R2P Case Study: Syria. Sae Okubo Aline Sekiguchi Satoko Takahara. Overview of the Presentation. Background General timeline of the conflict UN Resolutions and actions taken by the international community R2P Criteria Syria Now. President Bashar al-Assad. Son of Hafez al-Assad
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➝ Al-Qaeda linked groups aligning with the opposition etc.
U.S. & EU → asset freeze & prohibition on entry
further pressure by EU← & Turkey & LAS
BAN on oil embargo & trading halts
by the veto of Russia and China
decided to suspend Syria and impose sanctions
Syria agreed to LAS initiative to allow observers
LAS suspended its mission due to worsening
violence in Syria
urged Syria to accept non-binding peace plan
→fell short of formal resolution
→Deployment of 30 military observers to Syria
→Deployment of UNSMIS (300 civil observers)
laid out a peace plan for Syria
together with LAS and UN members
→called for a Syrian-led political transition
→extended UNSMIS for a final period of 30 days
→UN General assembly demanded Assad resign
Obama warned use of chemical weapons is the ‘redline’
Syria's opposition National Coalition was
recognized as the legitimate representative of
UN weapons inspectors concluded the use of
chemical weapons in August
but did not allocate the responsibility of the attack
→Required scheduled destruction of Syria’s
March 2011 to September 2013
“if mass atrocities in Syria are not a case for R2P, there is no R2P”
Violence against civilians.
Permitted the establishment of a destruction plan of the weapons and the installations of production and assembly.