Download
the female reproductive system n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Female Reproductive System PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Female Reproductive System

The Female Reproductive System

116 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Female Reproductive System

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system stores ova… …that unite with sperm in the process of reproduction.

  2. Lesson Objectives In this lesson, you will learn to: • Describe the parts and functions of the female reproductive system • Examine the care of the female reproduction system and identify situations requiring professional health services • Explain the importance of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs

  3. The Female Reproductive System Functions of the Female Reproductive System • The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova. • The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth.

  4. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Structure of the Female Reproductive System • At birth a female’s ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs. • During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month.

  5. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive Organs • When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes. • Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. • Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina.

  6. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive System

  7. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Fertilization • The fertilization of an egg by a sperm produces a cell called a zygote. • When the zygote leaves the fallopian tube, it enters the uterus. • In preparation for receiving the zygote, the uterine wall has thickened and is rich in blood, which enables the uterus to nourish the zygote. • The developing fetus will remain attached to the uterine wall until birth.

  8. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Menstruation • In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. • If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isn’t needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. • These materials pass through the cervix. • This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle.

  9. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System The Menstrual Cycle

  10. Care of the Female Reproductive System • Bathe regularly. • Change tampons or sanitary pads every few hours. • Practice abstinence fromsexual activity. Tips for a Healthy Female Reproductive System

  11. Care of the Female Reproductive System Breast Self-Exam • Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of death, after lung cancer, for women in the United States. • The American Cancer Society recommends that females examine their breasts once a month. • Early detection is an important factor in the successful treatment of breast cancer.

  12. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Menstrual Cramps Premenstrual Syndrome Toxic Shock Syndrome Problems Related to Menstruation

  13. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Menstrual Cramps • Menstrual cramps sometimes occur at the beginning of a menstrual period. • Light exercise or applying a heating pad to the abdominal area may help relieve symptoms. • A health care professional may recommend medication for pain relief. • Severe or persistent cramping, called dysmenorrhea, may be an indication that professional health services are required.

  14. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) • PMS is a disorder caused by hormonal changes. • Its symptoms, which may be experienced one to two weeks before menstruation, include nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, bloating, depression, and mood swings. • Regular physical activity and good nutrition may reduce the severity of symptoms.

  15. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) • TSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the immune system and the liver and can be fatal. • To reduce the risk of TSS, use tampons with the lowest possible absorbency and change tampons often. • Warning signs of TSS include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, a sunburn-like rash, eyes, dizziness, and muscle aches. Any female with these symptoms should seek health care immediately.

  16. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Endometriosis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Sexually Transmitted Diseases Problems Related to Infertility

  17. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Endometriosis • This painful, chronic disease occurs when tissue that lines the uterus migrates and grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus, or the lining of the pelvic cavity. • Treatments include pain medications, hormone therapy, and surgery.

  18. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) • PID is an infection of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the surrounding areas of the pelvis. • It can damage a female’s reproductive organs. • PID usually is caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

  19. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Sexually Transmitted Diseases • Sexually transmitted diseases are the most common causes of infertility and other disorders of the reproductive system. • Often symptoms of STDs are not evident in females unless a medical examination is performed. • Avoiding sexual contact until marriage is the one sure way to prevent STDs.

  20. Problems of the Female Reproductive System Other Female Reproductive Disorders • Vaginitis, caused by bacterial vaginosis, is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, and it is often accompanied by discharge, odor, pain, itching, or burning. • Blocked fallopian tubes, the leading cause of infertility, may result from PID, abdominal surgery, STDs, or endometriosis. • Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs on the ovary. Larger cysts may require surgery. • Cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer occur in the female reproductive system.

  21. Quick Review Choose the appropriate option. Q.A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the _________. • ovum • vagina • cervix • uterus

  22. Quick Review - Answer A.2. vagina A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the vagina. Click Next to attempt another question.

  23. Quick Review Choose the appropriate option. Q.The cervix draws in and moves the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus. True False

  24. Quick Review - Answer A.False.Cilia draw in and move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus. Click Next to attempt another question.

  25. Quick Review Choose the appropriate option. Q.Which of the following is not a cause of infertility in females? • Endometriosis • Heart disease • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

  26. Quick Review - Answer A.2. Heart disease Causes of infertility in females do not include heart disease. Click Next to attempt another question.

  27. Quick Review Choose the appropriate option. Q.It is important for every female to have regular pelvic exams starting at age 18 or when recommended by her physician. True False

  28. Quick Review - Answer A.True.It is important for every female to have regular pelvic exams starting at age 18 or when recommended by her physician. Click Next to attempt another question.

  29. End of Lesson 3 Click Home to view the Main menu.

  30. Quick Review - Answer A.Correct! A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body is known as the vagina. Click Next to attempt another question.

  31. Quick Review - Answer You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

  32. The Female Reproductive System Functions of the Female Reproductive System • The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova. • The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth. Ova are female reproductive cells.

  33. The Female Reproductive System Functions of the Female Reproductive System • The female reproductive system produces female sex hormones and stores ova. • The uterus nourishes and protects the fertilized ovum from conception until birth. The uterus is a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ inside a female’s body.

  34. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Structure of the Female Reproductive System • At birth a female’s ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs. • During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month. Ovaries are the female sex glands that store the ova and produce female sex hormones.

  35. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Structure of the Female Reproductive System • At birth a female’s ovaries contain more than 400,000 immature ova, or eggs. • During ovulation, the right ovary will release a mature ovum one month, and the left ovary will release one the next month. Ovulation is the process of releasing a mature ovum into the uterine tube each month.

  36. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive Organs • When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes. • Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. • Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina. Fallopian tubes are a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum.

  37. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive Organs • When a mature ovum is released from the ovary, it moves to one of the fallopian tubes. • Tiny hairlike structures called cilia work, along with muscular contractions in the fallopian tubes, to move the ovum along. • Sperm from the male enter the female reproductive system through the vagina. The vagina is a muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body.

  38. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Menstruation • In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. • If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isn’t needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. • These materials pass through the cervix. • This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle. Cervix is the opening to the uterus.

  39. Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System Menstruation • In a mature female, each month the uterus prepares for possible pregnancy. • If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the thickened lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, isn’t needed, and it breaks down into blood, tissue, and fluids. • These materials pass through the cervix. • This is called menstruation and is part of the menstrual cycle. Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining.

  40. Quick Review - Answer A.Correct! Cilia draw in and move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus. Click Next to attempt another question.

  41. Quick Review - Answer You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

  42. Quick Review - Answer A.Correct! Causes of infertility in females do not include: heart disease. Click Next to attempt another question.

  43. Quick Review - Answer You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

  44. Quick Review - Answer A.Correct! It is important for every female to have regular pelvic exams starting at age 18 or when recommended by her physician. Click Next to attempt another question.

  45. Quick Review - Answer You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.