Important Flowering Plant Families of New York State - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Important Flowering Plant Families of New York State

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Important Flowering Plant Families of New York State
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Important Flowering Plant Families of New York State

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  1. Important Flowering Plant Families of New York State

  2. Monocots • About 25% of all flowering plants • Leaves often narrow • Sessile, no petiole • Parallel venation • Floral parts in 3’s

  3. Stigma Pollinia Orchidaceae – Orchid Family

  4. Capsule Tepals Prophylls Juncaceae – Rush Family • 6 tepals surrounding an ovary that develops into a capsule • Stems typically round • Two genera • Juncus • Rushes • Luzula • Wood Rushes

  5. Cyperaceae – Sedge Family • Carex • Largest group • Scirpus • Cyperus

  6. Poaceae – Grass Family

  7. Eudicots • >70% of flowering plants • Leaves often broad • Netted venation • Floral parts typically in 4’s or 5’s

  8. Asteraceae – Aster Family Golden Ragwort

  9. Rosaceae – Rose Family • Strawberry • Blackberries and Raspberries • Black Chokeberry

  10. Fabaceae – Pea Family • Clover

  11. Lamiaceae – Mint Family • Quadrangular stems • Opposite leaves • Bilabiate corolla • Four lobed ovary

  12. Ranunculaceae – Buttercup Family • Fleece Vine • Ranunculus spp. – Buttercups • Fruit a head of achenes

  13. Brassicaceae – Mustard Family • 4 sepals, 4 petals • Ovary 2-carpellate • 6 stamens • 4 long • 2 short • Dame’s Rocket • Cuckoo Flower • Annual Honesty

  14. Apiaceae – Carrot Family • Flower in umbels • Sweet Cicely

  15. Polygonaceae – Smartweed Family • Stipules form a sheath on the stem • Water Smartweed • Japanese Knotweed

  16. Ericaceae – Heath Family • Trees, shrubs or subshrubs • Leaves typically • Alternate, firm, shiny, dark green • Flowers often bell-shaped • Leatherleaf • Blueberries

  17. Violaceae – Violet Family • Flowers with • two upper petals • two lateral petals, sometimes bearded • one lower petal • Short or long spur • Plants with all basal leaves or plants with leafy stems

  18. Ferns and fern allies (Pteridophytes) • Seedless vascular plants • Ferns • Horsetails • Clubmosses