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Alternative Care for Orphans and Vulnerable children (OVC). Navajeevan Bala Bhavan, Vijayawada. Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. 275km north-east of Hyderabad Travel hub – largest railway junction in the South Central section of the Indian Railways

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Vijayawada andhra pradesh
Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh

  • 275km north-east of Hyderabad

  • Travel hub – largest railway junction in the South Central section of the Indian Railways

  • Industrial city – agro-based industries and automobile based industries

  • Nearly 3,000 street children

  • Every day, between 7-25 new children

Navajeevan bala bavan
Navajeevan Bala Bavan

  • Salesians of Don Bosco invited to open a shelter for street children by Municipal Corporation of Vijayawada in 1989.

  • Shelter inaugurated in 1990, closes due to political opposition in 1992.

  • Salesians continue to work with street-children and project revived in 1993.

Navajeevan bala bhavan
Navajeevan Bala Bhavan

  • Support and rehabilitation for street children and other young people in difficult circumstances

  • Support on the street – Street Presence Project

  • Temporary shelter

    • 24-hour Drop-In Shelter

    • Two Night Shelters

Residential re orientation camps
Residential Re-orientation Camps

For street boys

  • Prerana (below 10 years)

  • Velugu (between 11 and 14 years)

  • Vimukti (between 15 and 18 years)

    For other vulnerable children (e.g. child laborers)

  • Sethu – for girls

  • Mettu – for boys

Residential support
Residential Support

  • Chiguru children’s village

  • Navajeevan Yuva Bhavan

  • Navajeevan Vruthy Bhavan

  • Vimukthi De-Addiction Program

  • Group homes

Vocational training
Vocational Training

  • Vocational Training Centre, Vijayawada

  • Vocational Training Centre, Autonagar

Support services
Support Services

  • Navajeevan Infirmary

  • Counseling Project

  • Home Integration Project

  • Day Bridge School for Child Laborers

Group care
Group care –

  • Part of the compendium of residential care solutions

  • Started in 1994

  • Group of 10 children with a set of foster parents

  • No drop-outs from this batch – all well-adjusted contributing citizens

Nbb strong motivation resolution for home re integration
NBB strong motivation/resolution for Home re-integration

  • Navajeevan strongly believes in the value of the dictum “there is no place like home”

  • As of today, NBB has given shelter to 31,538 children, of these 15,539 have been rejoined with their families [as on 8-02-2009]

Children in foster care
Children in Foster Care

Master Prem Raj

Baby Durga

Baby Nirmala

Process in foster care
Process in ‘Foster Care’

  • Foster Care in NBB is being implemented following the latest Juvenile Justice Act 2000/06

  • Approval is sought from the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) of the district; CWC conducts enquiry: prospective family.., the child.. gets report ..declares the family ‘Fit Person’…passes order

  • Two full time staff have been appointed for identifying Foster Parents

  • To date 85 families have been contacted and 10 families are ready to foster care

  • Of those children in various rehabilitation centers between 5-12 years, there are 45 boys and 28 girls, who are orphans and need foster parents


  • Children leave homes because of abusive or unhappy situations

  • Need loving care and attention to offset early negative experience

  • Street experience makes it difficult to fit in with regimentation of hostels

  • “group situation” because of dearth of suitable care parents

Replication of model
Replication of model

  • Success of first experiment led to replication

  • Number of children with each set of care parents varied from 10 to 16.

  • Total number of children served through this model – 112

  • Total number of care Parents are 9 couples and 1 care mother

Replication of model1
Replication of model

  • In one exceptional case, 27 young people with one set of care parents

  • These young people were older than 14 and in vocational training

  • Other children – students at various schools

  • Less than 5% drop out in the entire experiment

Current status of model
Current status of model

  • Currently, 112 children in group care

  • 9 sets of care parents and 1 care mother

  • 9 to 10 children per couple, 13 children with care mother

  • 2 girl children in foster care

  • 1 boy attached to a family (psychological support)

Support systems financial
Support systems (Financial)

  • Rs. 650 per child per month for food expenses

  • House rent paid by NBB

  • Stationery, books, clothing and medical expenses met by NBB through care parents

Support systems technical
Support systems (Technical)

  • Regular follow-up home visits by Fr. Michael, trained counselor and psychologist and the counseling team members

  • Regular meetings with the care parents [once in two months]

  • Quarterly trainings by the counselors


  • Difficulties in finding sets of care parents

  • Trained care parents leave in the middle of the school year

  • Trained care parents are not sustained for significant length of time

  • Not easy to find willing and suitable foster parents

  • Lobby with the Gov. for a more proactive approach to ‘foster care’ – JJ Rules (AP)

Planned sustenance aspects
Planned Sustenance aspects

  • Currently NBB is not receiving any support from a donor agency towards ‘Alternative Care’. NBB looks forward to that

  • NBB has already initiated the process of finding sponsorship for the children and in this regard, NBB needs to intensify efforts.

The way forward
The way forward

  • Increase efforts to motivate people to become foster parents or care parents

  • Appoint more full time staff to identify interested families for foster care

  • Convinced of the value of the experience and move more vigorously in this line

  • Study the Rajasthan model (18k children in FC), propose it to state Govt.