Adolescence to Adulthood. What’s going on in there?. Formal Operations – hypothetical thinking Developing self-identity Social standing – both in society and in your peer group Independence = rebellion. Thought Process -- . Invulnerable - you aren’t Iron Man
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What’s going on in there? • Formal Operations – hypothetical thinking • Developing self-identity • Social standing – both in society and in your peer group • Independence = rebellion
Thought Process -- • Invulnerable - you aren’t Iron Man • Argumentative - development of views • Emerging idealism can make the world seem bleak • May not understand why a person stays in a job they hate • The answers to most problems can seem easy
Adults don’t get it • What age did you get your first cell phone? • Who is more tech savvy then their parents? • Technology explosion in last 25 years • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YmwwrGV_aiE
Morality • Many never develop beyond “Authority and Social Order (#4)” • Morals become rigid, behavior is based on what’s allowed • Levels 5 and 6 are where abstract thinking comes into play • Civil disobedience • Moral Laws
Morality • Peer Pressure: • You are with a couple of your best friends on Halloween. They’re going to egg a house but you’re not sure if you should or not. Your friend say you should because there’s no way you’ll get caught. • Be honest, what would you really do? • That question was asked to groups of 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th graders from all over the nation. • Results: Conforming to peer pressure steadily increased from 3rd to 9th grade, then decreased with 12th graders. • Why?
Forming Identity • Social structures (cliques and peer groups) • Can lead to conformity • Who thinks their friends are smarter than their parents?
Difficulties during Adolescence • Perceived Invulnerability can lead to…. • Corformity and desire to conform can lead to…. • Depression • Eating Disorders …. Both genders • What are the symptoms?
Gender Roles Emerge! • Which stereotype is this? • Better in math and science • Better in humanities • Verbally aggressive • Physically aggressive • Talks more • Interrupts more • More aware to nonverbal cues • Where did these stereotypes come from? • Biological – genetics and hormones • Social- learned behavior from peers, parents, TV • Cognitive- children develop SCHEMA, then act accordingly (football, Disney princesses)
Changing stereotypes • What was the expectations of women pre-1970? • How has it changed?