honors 228 astrobiology w dr h geller meeting 2 physical origins
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Honors 228 Astrobiology w/ Dr. H. Geller Meeting #2 Physical Origins. Presented 27 January 2011. The Phase Diagram. iClicker Question. What is the name of the phase change from liquid to gas? A Vaporization B Condensation C Deposition D Sublimation E None of the above. iClicker Question.

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iclicker question
iClicker Question
  • What is the name of the phase change from liquid to gas?
    • A Vaporization
    • B Condensation
    • C Deposition
    • D Sublimation
    • E None of the above
iclicker question1
iClicker Question
  • What is the name of the phase change from solid to gas?
    • A Vaporization
    • B Condensation
    • C Deposition
    • D Sublimation
    • E None of the above
iclicker question2
iClicker Question
  • What is the name of the phase change from gas to liquid?
    • A Vaporization
    • B Condensation
    • C Deposition
    • D Sublimation
    • E None of the above
iclicker question3
iClicker Question
  • What is the name of the phase change from gas to solid?
    • A Vaporization
    • B Condensation
    • C Deposition
    • D Sublimation
    • E None of the above
iclicker question4
iClicker Question
  • What is the name of the phase change from liquid to solid?
    • A Vaporization
    • B Condensation
    • C Deposition
    • D Sublimation
    • E None of the above
iclicker question5
iClicker Question
  • The density of liquid water is greater than the density of solid water (ice).
    • A True
    • B False
iclicker question6
iClicker Question
  • There is always more to an iceberg beneath the water’s surface than above the water’s surface
    • A because liquid water is less dense than ice
    • B because liquid water is more dense than ice
    • C because ice is more dense than liquid water
    • D because water and ice are two different molecules
    • E This is a false statement because there’s always more of an iceberg above the surface than beneath the surface
overview of chapter 1
Overview of Chapter 1
  • 1.1 The Possibility of Life Beyond Earth
    • Some discussion in 1st meeting
      • What life are scientists searching for?
      • Is it reasonable to expect life elsewhere in the universe?
  • 1.2 The Scientific Context of the Search
    • Usefulness of astronomy in search for life
    • Utility of planetary science in search for life
    • Earth’s biology and its usefulness for search for life
  • 1.3 Places to Search
    • Where should we search?
      • In our solar system
      • In our galaxy
iclicker question7
iClicker Question
  • An extrasolar planet (aka exoplanet) is
    • A a planet that is larger than our Sun
    • B a planet that orbits a star other than our Sun
    • C a planet located in another galaxy
iclicker question8
iClicker Question
  • A habitable planet is
    • A a planet that has oceans like the Earth
    • B a planet that has life of some kind
    • C a planet that may or may not have life, but that has environmental conditions under which it seems that life could arise or survive
iclicker question9
iClicker Question
  • By a geocentric view of the universe, we mean
    • A the idea that Earth resides at the center of the universe
    • B the idea that Earth is the only planet with life in the universe
    • C a view of the universe shaped by current understanding of geological science
iclicker question10
iClicker Question
  • According to current scientific understanding, life on Earth
    • A was exceedingly improbable
    • B arose quite soon after conditions allowed it
    • C may have been inevitable, but took billions of years to arrive
iclicker question11
iClicker Question
  • The correct order of the eight official planets in our Solar System, from closest to farthest from the Sun is
    • A Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Uranus
    • B Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Uranus, Saturn, Neptune
    • C Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
iclicker question12
iClicker Question
  • Today, the research known as SETI is conducted primarily by
    • A scanning the skies for signals from alien civilizations
    • B sending spacecraft to the planets
    • C using telescope to observe extrasolar planets
iclicker question13
iClicker Question
  • If we sent one of our current spacecraft to a nearby star (besides the Sun), the trip would take about
    • A 10 years
    • B 100 years
    • C 1000 years
    • D 10,000 years
    • D 100,000 years
iclicker question14
iClicker Question
  • Scientists today are interested in searching for life on Mars because
    • A we see clear evidence of a past civilization on Mars.
    • B Mars contains frozen water ice at its polar caps.
    • C evidence suggests that Mars had liquid water on its surface in the distant past.
iclicker question15
iClicker Question
  • Based on current evidence, the object in our Solar System most likely to have a deep, subsurface ocean of liquid water is
    • A Mars
    • B Titan
    • C Venus
    • D Europa
    • E Io
iclicker question16
iClicker Question
  • Based on the way scientists view the study of astrobiology, failure to find life on any other world would mean
    • A the whole subject has been a waste of time.
    • B we must have done something wrong, since life has to exist beyond Earth
    • C we have learned important lessons about the conditions that made life on Earth possible
overview of chapter 11
Overview of Chapter 1
  • 1.4 The New Science of Astrobiology
    • New, are you kidding?
      • Bio-astronomy, exobiology
      • Even Galileo and Kepler considered where else in our solar system we might find life
      • IAU conference on bioastronomy in 1959!
    • Astrobiology according to Geller
      • ODDS
        • origins
        • development
        • distribution
        • search
some words on in class discussion groups
Some Words onIn-Class Discussion Groups
  • Three to four persons in a group
  • To start
    • Determine leader and recorder (writer)
      • This will alternate each meeting
  • Write the answer to discussion questions so that I can be sure you are addressing the question correctly
  • Use complete sentences
  • Answer in terms that address scientific issues of questions
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • Question #1:
    • A) Can life exist in places that never receive sunlight?
      • If Yes » What types of life forms could exist?
      • If No » Cite the physical reasons why life cannot exist without sunlight.
    • B) What elements are the most important for the existence of life? Explain your reasoning.
discussion questions1
Discussion Questions
  • Question #2:
    • A) Consider the following statement:
      • "For a life form to exist, liquid water must be present in the local environment in at least small amounts or for short time periods."
      • Do you agree or disagree with this statement.
      • If You Agree » Explain why liquid water is necessary.
      • If You Disagree » What type of life could exist and what would the environment be like?
    • B) We know that there are 9 planets orbiting the Sun in our solar system. Would you expect there to be other planets orbiting other stars outside our solar system? Explain why or why not.
discussion questions2
Discussion Questions
  • Question #3:
    • A) Can any forms of life exist in environments with temperatures much greater than 100°C (the boiling point of water) or much less than 0°C (the freezing point of water)?
      • If Yes » What types of life forms could exist at either of these temperatures? State the form of life and the corresponding temperature.
      • If No » Cite the physical reasons why life cannot exist at either of these temperatures.
    • B) Which of the following elements must be present for life to exist. Explain your reasoning for each choice. (consider hydrogen, potassium, zinc, oxygen, calcium, uranium, magnesium, sulfur, carbon, nitrogen, iron, and sodium)
discussion questions3
Discussion Questions
  • Question #4:
    • A) Describe an environment on Earth that would not allow any form of life to exist. Cite specific examples and explain why these environments cannot support life.
    • B) Do scientists have evidence that indicates whether life exists anywhere other than Earth? Explain your reasoning.
for next meeting
For Next Meeting
  • Read Chapter 2 in textbook
    • In general you should be reading ahead for the upcoming classes
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