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PULSES MARKET MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA. CICILS/IPTIC International Pulse Trade and Industry Confederation Anatalya, Turkey April 2009 Mr. Saifuddin Abidali Wahba for Food Industries. Market Overview facts and figures. Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

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PULSES MARKET

MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA

CICILS/IPTIC

International Pulse Trade and Industry Confederation

Anatalya, Turkey

April 2009

Mr. Saifuddin Abidali

Wahba for Food Industries


Market

Overview

facts

and

figures

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • 24 countries

  • Area 15,481,278 kilometre square

  • Population of 543 million

  • GDP of USD 4.668 trillion

  • Per capita income USD 8594


Market

Overview

facts

and

figures

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Market

Overview

agriculture

  • Agriculture is second largest employer

  • Economically active populationin agriculture has reduced

  • The region has 6.5% of the world’s arable land and 1.5% of the world’srenewable freshwater resources

  • Produces less than half the food it consumes


Market

Overview

food bill

  • Import food bill US$ 30 billion

  • Imports 18% of the world’s pulse crops. The second largest importer of pulses after the Indian subcontinent

  • The region has the third largest consumptionper capita of pulses after Latin America and the Indian subcontinent. 5 kilos per capita

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Egypt

trends and

preferences

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • Pulses are perceived as the safest substitute for protein intake

  • Cereals and vegetables compete with pulses as sources of carbohydrates

  • Pulses is considered the poor man’s meat

  • Consumption is directly related to price

  • Adhoc procurement causes instability

  • “Baladi” products


Egypt

whole

beans

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • Local production 130,000 MT Faba Beans and 50,000mt white beans

  • (Harvest in April/May)

  • Imports 400,000 MT (France, UK, Australia)

  • Consumption increases during Ramadan

  • “Like concrete in the stomach”

  • Importance of colour


Egypt

split

beans

  • 70% of beans are split

  • Splitting is a cottage industry

  • Competition is very intense

  • Less tannin. Better ta’miyya.

  • Blending of origins is a common practice

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Egypt

red

split lentils

  • Consumption has reduced from 120,000 MT to 60,000 MT

  • Prices increased from USD 550 in 2005 to USD 2100 in 2008

  • Weather and consumption

  • Preferences for smaller varieties (Jazeera, Commando, Northfield, Robins)

  • “Produced in Turkey”

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Egypt

whole

lentils

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • Koshary. Vegan dish.

  • Monopolised by Canadian lentils.

  • Skin colour

  • Trend of green lentils

  • Bulk imports

  • Monopolised by Canadian lentils

  • Trend of green lentils

  • Different grades


  • Summer crop harvest in June 40,000 MT

  • Winter crop harvest in November 30,000 MT

  • Main export markets: Algeria, Spain, Italy, Portugal, France, Syria, Turkey

  • Harvest time

  • Delivery

  • Correlation to black eyed beans

Egypt

white

beans

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Sudan

agriculture

  • 82% of population in agricultural sector

  • 41.8 milllion acres of arable land

  • Decline in agricultural production

  • Contrinution to GDP decreased to 36%

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Sudan

main

crops

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Sudan

consumption

and

observations

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • Bean imports are banned from April-May

  • Lentil imports are from Ethiopia, Turkey, India Egypt

  • White beans for the army

  • Peas for aid

  • Trade with Egypt


Iraq

ministry of trade

and

public

distribution

system

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses

  • Oil for Food Program ration

    • Chickpeas 250 gr

    • Beans 125 gr

    • Lentils 125 gr

    • Rice 3 kg

    • Tea 200 gr

    • Cooking oil 1 kg

    • Sugar 2 kg

    • Flour 8 kg

    • Powdered milk 125 gr

    • Baby formula 8 kg

    • Baby supplement 800 gr


Iraq

procurement

and

observations

  • Ministry of Trade (MOT) and Public Distribution System (PDS)

  • Consumption of 270,000 MT of pulses.

  • Breakdown of pulse imports

    • White beans 50,000 MT Egypt, Turkey, China

    • Yellow split 70,000 MT Canada, USA, EU, India

    • Fava beans 12,000 MT Local

    • Chickpeas 15,000 MT Turkey, Syria, India, Russia

    • Lentils 70,000 MT Turkey, Syria, Canada, Australia, India, Egypt

    • Peas 35,000 MT Canada, USA, EU, India

    • Others 18,000 MT

  • Pulses are a major contributor of carbohydrates and protein

  • Preference for vegetable proteins than pulses


Closing

statements

  • Highest population growth in the world

  • Population is estimated to be 1 billion by 2028

  • Expected to consume a further 1.5 million tons of pulses

  • Challenges of providing sustainability and food security

    • Food production per capita

    • Ratio export earnings: food imports

    • Calories per capita. Protein per capita


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