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COMMISSION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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COMMISSION. TYPES OF COMMISSION. There are 2 types of commission: Permanent Commission Non-permanent Commission/ Special Commission Permanent Commission: Service Commissions Election Commission Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM). THE OBJECTIVES.

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types of commission
  • There are 2 types of commission:
  • Permanent Commission
  • Non-permanent Commission/ Special Commission
  • Permanent Commission:
  • Service Commissions
  • Election Commission
  • Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM)
the objectives
  • To have agencies that move freely and carry out duties objectively, fairly and justly.
  • To ensure the fairness be practiced in staffs recruitment for Service Commissions.
  • To convince both candidates and voters in certain elections for Election Commission.
  • To investigate sensitive matters with true objective and fair operation for Special Commissions.
1 service commissions
  • There are 5 Service Commissions that have been established by the Constitution:
  • Public Service Commission
  • Education Service Commission
  • Judiciary and Law Service Commission
  • Police Service Commission
  • Armed Force Council
a public service commission
  • Established through Article 139 Federal Constitution.
  • Members are appointed by YDPA after discussing with Council of Rulers and on the advice of Prime Minister.
  • Can be divided into 3 categories:
  • Federal Public Service Commission
  • State Public Service Commission
  • Branch of Federal Public Service Commission
The functions:
  • Responsible for the appointment in public service
  • Responsible to confirm positions in public service
  • Responsible for the permanent shift of its staffs from one position to another position.
  • Responsible to take discipline action towards the staffs
b education service commission
  • Established in 1973 through Article 141A Federal Constitution.
  • Members are appointed by YDPA after discussing with Council of Rulers and on the advice of Prime Minister.
  • Members are consisted of a Chairman, a Vice Chairman, and between 4 to 8 other members.
  • Main functions:
  • Responsible for the appointment of teachers in education service.
  • Responsible for placing teachers known as Education Service Officer into several categories based on their qualifications and specialties.
  • Other functions are same with that of Public Service Commission except the jurisdiction covers only education field.
c judiciary and law service commission
  • Established in 1957 which covers all law and judiciary members.
  • Members are appointed by the YDPA after discussing with Chief Justice.
  • The members are consisted of:
  • Commission Chairman which is also the Chairman of Public Service Commission.
  • Attorney General (if he is a Parliament Member or is not from Judiciary and Law Service Commission - will be replaced by Prosecutor)
  • A member or several other members that work in jurisdiction and judiciary field or ex-judge.
  • This commission secretary is also the Secretary of Public Service Commission.
  • The functions of this commission are same as the functions of Public Service Commission except its jurisdiction covers judiciary and law only.
d police service commission
  • Has jurisdiction over all members of Malaysia Royal Police Force.
  • Members of commission:
  • A commission Chairman who at the same time is Minister of Internal Security.
  • Inspector General Police (IGP)
  • Secretary General of Ministry of Home Affairs
  • One of Public Service Commission members appointed by YDPA
  • 2 to 6 other members appointed by YDPA.
The post of Inspector General Police and Deputy Inspector General Police are appointed by the YDPA after consultation with the Prime Minister.
  • The functions and responsibilities:
  • Responsible for appointing, confirming and locating staffs to permanent and pension scheme.
  • Responsible for promoting, shifting and implementing discipline control over police force members.
  • Executes job scope organisation and implementation method.
  • Provides negotiation platform with other people from outside police force.
e armed force council
  • Armed Force Council is part of Service Commission.
  • This Council is under the command of YDPA in terms of command, discipline and administration of all matters regarding armed force.
  • The members are:
  • A council Chairman cum Minister of Defence
  • A member who represents YDPA appointed by Council of Rulers
  • Army Chief Commander appointed by the YDPA
  • Secretary General of Ministry of Defence
  • 2 senior officers of Federal Armed Force appointed by YDPA.
  • A senior officer each from Federal Navy Force and Federal Air Force appointed by the YDPA.
  • 2 other members whether armies or public members appointed by the YDPA.
2 election commission
  • The YDPA is responsible for appointing the members of Election Members.
  • Election Commission that is appointed must obtain trust from the people.
  • Members of Election Commission can continuously hold their posts up to 65 years old.
  • The dismissal of the members only can be done through the same way with the dismissal of a judge.
  • The members can be dismissed by the YDPA based on following circumstances:
  • Declared as bankrupt
  • Holding any position that pays salary
  • Be a member of House of Representatives or the Senate or State Legislative Assembly
  • The Chairman of Election Commission can be dismissed if he is found to be member of Board of Directors whether receives pay or not.
The members are:
  • A Chairman
  • A Deputy Chairman
  • A Secretary
  • A Deputy Secretary
  • A Chief Deputy Secretary
  • 2 other members
  • The main functions of Election Commission:
  • To register voter’s name every year
  • To recheck voters’ registration in all constituencies
  • To organize general and by-election
  • To study Parliament and State constituencies in every 8 to 10 years.
  • To draw up certain rules and regulations.
3 human rights commission of malaysia
  • Established in 1999 under Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act in order to inculcate the awareness of human rights among people.
  • The establishment began when Malaysia involved actively in United Nations Commission for Human Rights (UNCHR) in 1993-95.
  • Malaysia has been appointed as member of UNCHR in 1993.
  • In 1995, Tan Sri Dato’ Musa Bin Hitam was appointed as the Chairman of the 52nd session of UNCHR.
  • In April 2000, Malaysian Government announced the appointment of the first Human Rights Commission of Malaysia that is Tan Sri Dato’ Musa Bin Hitam and 12 commission members.
  • Human Rights Commission of Malaysia Act 1999 allows the appointment up to 20 members for 2 years.
Main reasons behind the formation:
  • Malaysia active involvement in UNCHR and United Nations.
  • The increase of international attention towards human rights issue.
  • Malaysian people getting alert about political progress and their rights.
  • Main functions:
  • Cultivate awareness and provide education about human rights
  • Advise and assist the government in formulating jurisprudence and administrative procedures, and also suggest actions that should be taken.
  • Investigate complaints regarding the contravention of human rights.



non permanent special commission
  • Special Commission is a free body that is established by the government, usually in temporary form to study certain matters or problems and give declarations to the government for the solutions.
  • The members are appointed by the YDPA.
  • Among Special Commissions that have been formed:
  • Harun’s Pay Commission 1972
  • Royal Commission Regarding Pay and Service Conditions for Local Authority and Corporation Authority 1973
  • Special Commission to Upgrade the Running and Management of Malaysia Royal Police 2004