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EPA Update & GreenChill Overview. NATIONAL HVACR EDUCATORS & TRAINERS CONFERENCE HVACR Education for the 21st Century. The Ozone Layer. Stratospheri c ozone is a naturally-occurring gas that filters the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation Acts as a shield in the stratosphere

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epa update greenchill overview

EPA Update & GreenChill Overview


HVACR Education for the 21st Century

the ozone layer
The Ozone Layer
  • Stratospheric ozone is a naturally-occurring gas that filters the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation
  • Acts as a shield in the stratosphere
  • Protects life on Earth from the sun's UV rays
overexposure to the sun
Skin Cancer
    • Melanoma & Nonmelanoma
  • Premature aging of the skin and other skin problems
  • Cataracts
  • Immune System Suppression
Overexposure to the Sun

Health Effects

More than 1 million new skin cancer cases per year

½ of all cancers are skin cancers

Melanoma incidence rates one of the few cancer rates increasing

One person dies every hour

climate change
Climate Change
  • Increasing Temperature
  • Melting of Glaciers
  • Thawing of Permafrost
  • Lengthening of Growing Season
  • Shifts in Plant and Animal Ranges
  • Earlier Flowering of Plants and Trees
twenty questions and answers about the ozone layer 2010 update
Twenty Questions and Answers About the Ozone Layer: 2010 Update
  • Twenty Questions and Answers About the Ozone Layer: 2010 Update
  • http://tinyurl.com/twentyquestions
  • What is ozone and where is it in the atmosphere?
  • Why do we care about atmospheric ozone?
  • What are the principal steps in stratospheric ozone depletion caused by human activities?
  • What emissions from human activities lead to ozone depletion?
  • Has the Montreal Protocol been successful in reducing ozone-depleting substances in the atmosphere?
  • Does depletion of the ozone layer increase ground-level ultraviolet radiation?
  • Is depletion of the ozone layer the principal cause of climate change?
  • Have reductions of ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol also protected Earth’s climate?
  • How is ozone expected to change in the coming decades?
ozone layer protection
Ozone Layer Protection
  • Montreal Protocol
    • International treaty, universal participation (196 countries)
    • purpose is to repair and protect the earth’s ozone layer so we remain safe from the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation
    • mandated the complete phaseout of CFCs
    • Gradual phaseout of HCFCs started in 2004 according to a schedule agreed upon by the signing parties, including the USA.
  • The U.S. incorporated the Montreal Protocol requirements into Title VI of the United States Clean Air Act
    • Title 40, Part 82 of the Code of Federal Regulations contains EPA’s regulations to protect the ozone layer
    • EPA’s Stratospheric Protection Division manages these programs
  • Outstanding environmental and health benefits
    • millions of U.S. skin cancer deaths and cataract cases will be prevented
climate change1
Climate Change
  • Refrigerants are 1800-4000 times more potent global warmers that carbon dioxide
  • By 2010, ozone layer protection will have done more to mitigate climate change than initial Kyoto Protocol reduction target
  • Avoided 11 gigatons of CO2 equivalent per year
  • Delayed climate impacts by approximately 10 years
phaseout of hcfc 22
Phaseout of HCFC-22
  • What does the phaseout of HCFCs mean for the availability of R-22?
    • Newly produced R-22 will decline by half between 2010 – 2015
    • No R-22 or HCFC-142b may be produced in 2020
    • Increased recovery and reclamation/recycling is necessary to meet demand
  • What does the phaseout mean for existing refrigeration & A/C equipment?
    • Existing equipment can continue to be serviced using R-22
    • EPA is not mandating the retrofit or replacement of existing R-22 equipment to HFC alternatives
  • What does the phaseout mean for expansions of existing refrigeration & A/C systems?
    • An expansion is not “servicing”
    • Virgin R-22 cannot be used in new equipment (made after 1/1/2010)
  • What does the phaseout mean for new refrigeration & A/C equipment?
    • Virgin R-22 cannot be used in new equipment (made after 1/1/2010)
  • http://www.epa.gov/ozone/title6/phaseout/rulesoverview.html
clean air act title vi
Clean Air Act TITLE VI
  • “No Venting” for ODS & Substitutes
  • Mandatory Servicing Requirements Minimize Emissions
    • Leak Repair & Other Servicing Practices
  • Refrigerant’s 3Rs:
    • Recovery, Recycling, & Reclamation
      • Recover/recycle onsite for equipment with same ownership or send to reclaimer to clean to industry purity standards then resell
      • Safe disposal requirements for equipment at end-of-life
clean air act title vi1
Clean Air Act TITLE VI
  • Section 612 of CAA - SNAP
    • Directs EPA to evaluate alternatives
    • Find acceptable those that reduce overall risk to human health and the environment
  • SNAP Has Listed ~400+ Substitutes for Specific End Uses
    • Hydrocarbons (R-441A, R-290, R-600a)
      • Proposed for Domestic Refrigerators and Retail Food Refrigeration (Stand-Alone Equipment Only)
    • Carbon Dioxide (CO2 or R-744)
      • Supermarkets
    • HFO-1234yf and CO2
      • Proposed for Motor Vehicle Air Conditioners (MVACs)
608 proposed amendments
§608 Proposed Amendments
  • Will Further Reduce Ozone-Depleting Refrigerant Emissions
    • Lowers the leak repair trigger rate for commercial refrigeration
    • Requires verification and documentation of all repairs
    • Requires retrofit or retirement of appliances that cannot be sufficiently repaired
    • Mandates replacement of appliance components that have a history of failures
    • Mandates recordkeeping of the determination of the full charge and the fate of recovered refrigerant
  • Clarify definitions and regulatory interpretations
    • For example, seasonal variances, leak rate calculation, retrofit, retirement
  • Will Streamline Regulatory System
    • Establishes similar requirements for owners/operators of comfort cooling, commercial refrigeration, and industrial process refrigeration appliances
§608 Proposed Amendments
  • Are not an exemption to the §608 venting prohibition or other regulatory requirements
  • Do not apply to equipment using non-ODS refrigerants (e.g., HFC or "natural refrigerants”)
  • §608 still only applies to systems with 50+ lbs of ozone-depleting refrigerant (also applies to compact chillers if system has >50 lbs.)
the greenchill partnership
The GreenChill Partnership
  • Partnership between EPA, supermarkets, and other supermarket industry stakeholders
  • Mission: to reduce refrigerant emissions from supermarkets and decrease the industry’s impact on the ozone layer and climate change
    • Transition to environmentally friendlier refrigerants
    • Lower refrigerant charge sizes and eliminate refrigerant leaks
    • Adopt green refrigeration technologies, strategies, and practices
  • www.epa.gov/greenchill
greenchill s store certification program overview
GreenChill’s Store Certification ProgramOverview
  • EPA recognition for green refrigeration
  • Three award levels: platinum, gold & silver
  • Objective criteria for store achievement
    • Refrigerant charge
    • Refrigerant leak rate
    • Type of refrigerants used
    • Installation leak tightness (newly constructed stores only)
  • Process is easy, fast and free
  • See http://www.epa.gov/greenchill/certcenter.html for details and guidance
greenchill s store certification program overview1
GreenChill’s Store Certification ProgramOverview
  • May be re-earned annually
    • “Continued excellence” awards
    • May lose certification - reapply in 1 yr.
  • GreenChill may verify the information on your application by
    • inspecting the store
    • requesting third party certification
    • and/or requesting copies of store records related to the certification criteria
greenchill s store certification program overview2
GreenChill’s Store Certification ProgramOverview
  • Do NOT have to be a GreenChill Partner
  • Only for U.S. stores
  • Only for supermarket-type stores
  • Still a lot of “firsts”
criteria for platinum 2 routes
Criteria for Platinum – 2 Routes
  • HFC-based refrigeration systems: all refrigerants in the store must have zero ozone-depleting potential. No R-22.
    • Reduced refrigerant charge
      • Max 0.5 lbs. of refrigerant per 1000 BTU/hr. total evaporator cooling load
    • Low leak rate
      • ≤ 5%
    • If new construction, must follow GC’s installation leak tightness guidelines
  • Low GWP refrigeration systems: all refrigerants in the commercial refrigeration system must have a GWP <150
    • The low-GWP refrigerants must be on the SNAP list
    • All other refrigerants in the store must have zero ozone-depleting potential. No R-22.
greenchill s store certification program application process
GreenChill’s Store Certification Program Application Process
  • Application forms are on GreenChill’s website
    • Newly constructed stores
    • Fully operational stores
    • Recertifying stores
  • Easy: 1 page – front and back
  • Fast: often same day
  • Free: No application fee, no EPA cost, awardee pays for the optional plaque
greenchill certification plaques
GreenChill Certification Plaques

Platinum Level Certification

Gold Level Certification

Silver Level Certification

advanced refrigeration program
Advanced Refrigeration Program
  • Advanced Technologies
    • Technologies to reduce charge sizes and leaks
    • Technologies that use low GWP/no ODP refrigerants
  • Advanced Strategies
    • Refrigerant Choice
    • Prioritize refrigerant management
    • Measure emissions
    • Set goals
    • Refrigerant choice
  • Advanced Practices
    • Retrofit Best Practices Guideline
    • Leak Prevention & Repair Best Practices Guideline
    • Installation Leak Tightness Guideline
advanced refrigeration technology smaller charges fewer leaks
Advanced Refrigeration Technology: smaller charges & fewer leaks

Moving from traditional DX: means tighter systems,

fewer emissions

greenchill and refrigerant choice
GreenChill and Refrigerant Choice
  • Refrigerant choice impacts the ozone layer & climate change
  • GreenChill Partners have committed to no R-22 use in new construction and remodels (incl. expansions) since 2007
  • Supermarkets are trying to reduce their dependence on R-22 by retrofitting R-22 equipment to use HFCs
  • R-22 retrofits are not an environmental end, in and of themselves
    • R-22 retrofits are not required by EPA regulations & they are not a GreenChill priority
    • Regardless of the refrigerant, leak tightness is the priority
      • Prioritize leak tightness when retrofitting from R-22 to other refrigerants
      • GreenChill Retrofit Best Practices Guideline: http://www.epa.gov/greenchill/downloads/RetrofitGuidelines.pdf
      • Fact sheet on Prioritizing Leak Tightness during R-22 Retrofits: http://www.epa.gov/greenchill/downloads/GChill_Retrofit.pdf
commercial refrigerants where are we headed
Commercial Refrigerantswhere are we headed?
  • Supermarkets have to choose between the many available refrigerants
  • Environmental concerns are increasingly top of mind
  • Two main environmental considerations in 2010 and beyond
    • R-22 phase-out
    • Global warming concerns
  • “Natural” Refrigerants – future webinars
greenchill best practices guideline commercial refrigeration retrofits
GreenChill Best Practices GuidelineCommercial Refrigeration Retrofits
  • Mission: provide food retailers with fact-based, neutral information on best practices for every aspect of the HCFC-22 conversion process
  • Retrofit Guideline is at http://epa.gov/ozone/partnerships/greenchill/downloads/RetrofitGuidelines.pdf
leak prevention repairs
Leak Prevention & Repairs

Coming Soon: GreenChill Best Practices Guideline – Leak Prevention and Repairs

No cookie-cutter solution for all stores!

Supermarket refrigerant leaks

Average supermarket is 20-25%

GreenChill members average 12%

Individual partners average <7% across whole corporation

Advanced systems w/best practices can achieve 0-5%