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CBP – Friday 2 nd March, 2012. THE INDIAN REVOLUTION. (1900 – 1950). Aung Myo Swe La Min Thazin Phoowai. CBP - March 2 nd , 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION. SUMMARY. Revolution’s Background Economics Politics People Education Events Gandhi South Africa Revolution movements

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the indian revolution

CBP – Friday 2nd March, 2012

THE INDIAN REVOLUTION

(1900 – 1950)

AungMyoSwe La Min Thazin Phoowai

summary

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

SUMMARY
  • Revolution’s Background
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education
  • Events
    • Gandhi
    • South Africa
    • Revolution movements
    • Salt walking
    • Non Co-operation Movement
    • Civil Disobedience Movement
    • Quit India MovementAftermath
  • Aftermath
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education

Mahatma Gandhi

indian colony

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Indian Colony
  • Vasco Da Gama came to India in 1498
    • Started to trade Spice with Portugal.
  • Colonization of India
    • 1619: British first trading-post
    • Wars between Indian kingdoms
      • Allowed Europeans to get more influence

Vasco Da Gama

1460 – 1524

Portuguese Explorer

England colonizing the world

economics

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Economics
  • British
    • Transported the natural resources to England
    • Used only a few for the country.
    • Settled a lot of companies in India
  • Indian
    • Work hard without any free-time
    • Get low salary
  • Food is expensive
    • Example: Salt.

Mining workers in India

politics

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Politics
  • British
    • Companies involved in Politics
    • Had all main government places
    • Indian
        • Only had minor government places
        • Controlled by British
  • 1919: reformed the political system
    • Diarchy system
      • Country ran by British and Indian together
      • But again Indian didn’t have any power

Changing Indian rulers by British

people

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

People
  • Classes
    • Upper class
    • Middle class
    • Lower class
  • Religions: Hinduism and Islam
    • The majority was Hindu
    • Muslim wanted recognition
    • Many conflicts between them
  • British used “Divide to Rule”
    • Allowing more power to Muslims

Religious wars comics

education

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Education
  • Only available for rich people
  • Christian religion influenced in schools
  • Difficult for poor people
  • British government decided what to teach
  • Defamed India’s culture history and value

Christian religion influenced in Indian Education

summary1

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

SUMMARY
  • Revolution’s Background
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education
  • Events
    • Gandhi
    • South Africa
    • Revolution movements
    • Salt walking
    • Non Co-operation Movement
    • Civil Disobedience Movement
    • Quit India Movement
  • Aftermath
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education
gandhi

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Gandhi
  • Birth: October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India
  • Graduated
    • Law major, barrister
    • University College, London
  • Shape his view of life:
    • Changed his diet
    • Joined the London Vegetarian Society
  • 1893: South Africa
  • 1915: Back to India permanently.

Mahatma Gandhi

1869 - 1948

south africa

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

South Africa
  • 1893: Went to work in South Africa
    • Fought against the Apartheid
    • Faced racial discrimination
    • Became social activist
  • The Natal Indian Congress
    • Founded in 1894
    • Against Indian discrimination in S.A.
    • Worked as Secretary
  • Non-violent protest
    • Defy the laws and suffer punishments
    • After 7 years they got a compromise

Natal Indian Congress

revolution movements

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Revolution Movements
  • Salt Walk
    • Proposed a non- violent march protesting the British Salt Tax in 1930
    • Walked 240 miles journey from Sabarmati to Dandi
    • Started March 12,1930 with 78 men (23 days long)
    • Women weren’t allowed to march
    • On April 5,1930 reached the coast
    • Against the law by picking up salt everywhere along the coast
    • A month later- Gandhi was arrested and thrown into prison
    • He was arrested almost a year

Gandhi on the Salt March

revolution movements1

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Revolution Movements
  • Non Co-operation Movement
    • Educational institutions were boycotted
    • Foreign goods were boycotted
    • People let go off their nominated seats in government institutions
    • Movements were failed
    • Indians awakened to the concept of going against the British
revolution movements2

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Revolution Movements
  • Civil Disobedience Movement
    • A way of non-violent movement
    • to stop the British by withdrawing support from everything
    • Quit India Movement
      • Launched in August 1942
      • to bring the British government to the negotiating table

Protest in peacefully

summary2

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

SUMMARY
  • Revolution’s Background
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education
  • Events
    • Gandhi
    • South Africa
    • Revolution movements
    • Salt walking
    • Non Co-operation Movement
    • Civil Disobedience Movement
    • Quit India Movement
  • Aftermath
    • Economics
    • Politics
    • People
    • Education
aftermath

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Aftermath
  • Get Independent on August 15,1947
  • Jawaharlal Nehru ( the first prime minister)
  • Separated into two countries(religious conflicts)
    • Pakistan(get Independent on August 14,1947)
    • India
      • A lot of other countries get Independent too
      • Burma get Independent in January 4,1948
politics1

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Politics
  • Had their own prime minister
  • Used liberal democratic system
  • Own Laws
  • People started interest in Politics

Jawaharlal Nehru 1889-1964

economics1

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Economics
  • Increased the factories
    • Liberal economy system
        • Government has very little inference with the economy
  • Still controlled by rich people

Factory in India 1950

people and education

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

People and Education
  • Still have racial discriminations
  • Become stronger in Religions
  • Happiness
  • Education is better than before
  • Learn more English
  • Poor people can also study
  • More schools appear

Celebrate on Independent Day

our opinions

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Our Opinions
  • If British didn’t winin World War II
    • India would not get independence easier
    • If Gandhi wasn’t assassinated
        • religiousdiscrimination would be less than now
        • If British didn’t colonize
          • Indian would not get a good education
slide21

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Thank you so much

For your attention

slide22

CBP - March 2nd, 2012 (Fri) INDIAN REVOLUTION

Any Question???

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