Neolithic transition to postglacial world. Rise of civilization after 8000BCE. Glacial period. Ice covers most of Europe, Asia, North America. 15,000 -11,000 years ago The sea is at least 300 feet lower. North America and Asia joined by wide land bridge.
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Rise of civilization after 8000BCE
See pages 68-75
Foragers and horticulturalists
Hunters—herders—oasis gathering—accidental seed dispersal—concentrated populations—agriculture—settled villages—cities and states
Hunters—seed dispersal in camps—limited agriculture—domestication of herds—settlements—limited farming—water resource management—agriculture—cities and statesModels for change
Each adaptation: technological, spiritual, and behavioral played a role in survival.
Many Dobe today take part-time jobs with neighboring herding tribes and ranchers in order to participate in a cash-based economy.
Innovative means of helping Dobe maintain cultural identity on traditional lands…as game trackers.
Expert trackers create records of animal movements and habits.