HPMP SUSTAINABLE APPROACH . UNIDO approach for the HPMP Main Meeting of OzonAction Networks from Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean. Trinidad & Tobago 4 to 7 Oct 2011. OUTLINE. PREFACE
UNIDO approach for the HPMP
Main Meeting of OzonAction Networks from Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean.
Trinidad & Tobago 4 to 7 Oct 2011
1. ALTERNATIVES TO REPLACE THE COMMON HCFCs2. MAIN HCFCs USES IN LATINAMERICA AND CARIBBEAN3. HCFC-22: ACTUAL STATUS4. HCFC-22: HOW TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION5. RECLAIM: ALTERNATIVE TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION6. HCFC-141b: ACTUAL STATUS7. HCFC-141b: ALTERNATIVES TO REDUCE CONSUMPTIONCONCLUSIONS
REFRIGERANT IS NOT TO BE BLAMED.
OBJECTIVE: Eliminate the use of CFCs and HCFCs, could also mean using the refrigerant properly to reduce their consumption.
Refrigerant is very expensive and we use it once and throw it away or plan to destroy, something like the consumer society applied to the refrigerants
Where possible UNIDO promotes natural refrigerants, while making the transition must take into account the concept of proper management
CONCRETE STEPS (I) - HEAVY-Service site
RESULT: the refrigerant in good condition can be reused reducing consummption
Tools for high volume installations
Liquid transfer pump for refrigerants
Cost ca. US$ 4,500
Set to recycle and separate oil from the refrigerant
Cost ca. US$ 300
Recovery machine for refrigerant
Cost ca. US$ 500
CONCRETE STEPS (II) – General ServiceAplications
RESULTS OBTENIED IN DIFFERENT CASES
COSTS & POTENTIAL SAVINGS
A kilo of virgin HCFC-22 costs approx. $ 8 A home air-conditioned has ca. 1 kilo and a type 'split ducted' 3.25kg on average in both cases and can be recycled and reused. Cost of refrigerant = 0 saving 100% A chiller can have 100kg of R-22 refrigerant value of new $ 800, whether to replace the 20% paid $ 160. Reclaim the refrigerant has a cost, assuming that the service is paid $ 4 per kilo, the net savings is 50%. (covers transportation costs). If just service is provided.
Reclaimer buys at US$ 2/kg and sells reclaimed at ca. US$ 6/kg, virgin cost US$ 10
RECLAIM a good concept to save refrigerant
Reclaim is the chemical process by which impurities are removedAHRI Certification Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration InstituteAHRI 700 - 2006 revised 2008Establish test procedures for determining the quality of new or reclaimed refrigerants for use in refrigeration and air conditioning whether used or new.
CERTIFICACION AHRI: All reclaimed refrigerant must undergo tests:
Gas mixing must be incinerated.
1. Acidity: Acid attacks the seals of the systems. Deteriorate inside the storage cylinders. 2. Humidity: Refrigerant high moisture can cause clogging of lines due to the formation of ice affects the heat transfer. 3. Waste high boiling point (oil): High content of non condensable affects the compressibility of the refrigerant, causing high pressures in the system.
4. Chlorine: Coolant high chlorine level will produce a system with acidic conditions due to the production of HCl. 5. Condensable gases (air): It creates inefficiency in the system. Oil causes formation of additional substances in the system.
6. Purity: mixture of refrigerants not produce the same conditions as pure gas. Gas chromatograph.
Reclaiming machines LV
Meets all EPA certification requirements Manufactured to customer’s specifications with options to handle different refrigerants including R12, R22, R407c, R410a… and many more 1 HP Hermetic compressor Reclaim capacity: 1.4 kgs. Liquid per minute. Vapour slightly less. On board storage capacity: 14 Kgs.
Reclaiming machines JV
Reclaiming machines BV
Reclaiming machines HSR
Industrial Development Officer
Montreal Protocol Branch
Tel: +43 1 26026 3320