Towns and Farming - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Towns and Farming

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  1. Towns and Farming Civilization on the Rise

  2. Farming Improvements • Heavier plows • Horse power • Horses could plow twice as much land than an oxen • Three-field system • Divided fields into three sections • Left 1/3 fallow(no crops)

  3. Better farming = more food=more people • Towns grew larger • New social class emerged • Nobles(those who fight) • priests (those who pray) • Peasants/serfs (those who work the land) • And now middle class (those who live in towns)

  4. Burghers • People who built homes in walled in towns • In France these people were called Bourgeoisie

  5. Jewish people were growing more powerful • Jews were not allowed to hold land so they lived in towns • Christians were not allowed to loan money with interest • So the Jewish people began loaning money to landholders

  6. Revival of towns=revival of trade • Most popular towns and cities contained Holy Relics • Holy Relics • Something people believed belonged to Jesus or a Christian saint. • Fairs • People came together to trade • Fiefs no longer had to produce every essential.

  7. Guild • Association of people who worked at the same occupation • Controlled quality, price and how things were made • NO COMPETITION • Merchant Guild • Trade • Craft Guild • Skilled artisan (glass, wine, tailor)

  8. To be a part of the guild you had to be a Master • How to become a master • Apprentice • Worked for a master for 3-12 years • Journeyman • Worked for wages • Once they created a masterpiece they became a master

  9. Towns offered new freedoms • A runaway serf could become free after living in a town for a year and one day • Burghers could by the land their town was on from the lord • Charter • After land was bought lord would sign a charter claiming the towns freedom from the lord