Do NOW! • After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!
Bellringer! • What are the three regions of the first 13 colonies? • What is one word you would use to describe how the colonists felt after England would pass a Navigation Act? • In your own words, define mercantilism.
The French and Indian War 7th Grade American History
1750 • Colonies bursting with citizens • Grown from just 50,000 to over a million colonists in just 100 years • Why is this??? • Americans had more freedom to run their own country than any other country in Europe; very attractive selling point
Moving West • As colonies grow, colonists dream of moving west past the Appalachian Mountains • Wanted to move to the Ohio River Valley • Both Britain and France claimed this region
Fighting over land • Land was controlled by French fur traders for the most part • French forts built deep in Ohio River Valley • British continued to build forts deep into territory • What next???
France on the Offensive • France drives British forces out of Ohio River Valley Territory, with the help of the Native Americans • Why did the Native Americans side with the French? • The French wanted to trade furs • French were less imposing than British colonies • Some French even followed Native American customs
Fear in Great Britain • British fear that they will lose land they had already claimed, or even worse, lose the colonies all together. • A young 22-year-old Virginian was sent to tell the French they were trespassing and to leave the Ohio River Valley • George Washington
British ignored… • French refuse to leave, ignore the British and George Washington aka GW • Governor of Virginia gives GW 150 troops and orders him to build a fort in French Territory near Pittsburg • French had already built Fort Dusquene on the spot…
1754 – Fort Necessity attacks! • GW builds fort nearby; Fort Necessity • Decides to attack French • Drastically outnumbered, loses miserably, forced to surrender • Even though he was defeated, GW still becomes national hero for striking first blow • Start of French and Indian War
1755 – British Take Action • British sent 1,400 troops led by General Edward Braddock to combat the French • GW volunteered to assist Braddock • Warned the general that Britain’s fighting style would not work in the wilderness • Braddock ignored GW, and guess what happened…?
Slaughter!! • General Braddock and troops attacked by French and Native Americans firing behind trees • Over 1,000 killed, including Braddock • News of loss reaches Europe, start of Seven Years War
French and Indian War in America • British struggled for several years while French and the Native Americans used knowledge of Ohio River Valley to their advantage • British keep financing war in America, building lots of debt • (Important for the future!)
1759 – Canada Captured • Tide of war changes when British General James Wolfe captures Quebec (Canada!) • Gave British sizeable advantage
1763 – Treaty of Paris Signed • French and British sign the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the wars in Europe and America • Terms • Gave Canada to Britain • British also gained all French lands east of the Mississippi River, except for New Orleans and two other port cities
After the Treaty… • Colonists start to move westward to settle new lands • Things have never looked better for the colonists! • So what’s next??...