Racial disparities in the child welfare system
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Racial Disparities in the Child Welfare System. Conducted by: African American Disparities Committee, Minnesota Department of Human Services and University of Minnesota. Contact: Susan J. Wells Mary Pfohl Alex Beutel Scotty Daniels Ila Kamath.

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Racial disparities in the child welfare system

Racial Disparities in the Child Welfare System

Conducted by: African American Disparities Committee, Minnesota Department of Human Services and University of Minnesota

Contact: Susan J. Wells

Mary Pfohl Alex BeutelScotty Daniels Ila Kamath

Case Study Analysis by the University of Minnesota


Question guiding the project
Question Guiding the Project

  • Through a case study, can we better identify the mechanisms that lead to racial disproportionality and disparity?


Matched case study goal 103 pairs matched on
Matched Case Study Goal: 103 Pairs Matched on

  • Age group (0-5 and 6-11)

  • Reason for referral - type of neglect

  • Gender

  • County


Assessment outcome
Assessment Outcome

Percent Concordance for Matched Pairs: Opened for Case Management Services During Assessment

Caucasian Child of the Pair

No

Yes

Total

No

33.0

African

American

Child of the Pair

17.5

50.5

Yes

11.7

37.9

49.5

Total

N=103

100%

44.7

55.3

McNemar level of significance p = .362

Not significant finding


Case management outcome 1 matched pairs
Case Management Outcome 1Matched Pairs

Percent Concordance for Matched Pairs:

Child Placed in Case Management Services

McNemar Level of Significance p = 1.0 Not significant


Case management outcome 3 matched pairs
Case Management Outcome 3 Matched Pairs

Percent Concordance for Matched Pairs:

Case Closed in Case Management

Caucasian Child

Of Pair

No

Yes

Total

African American

No

Child of Pair

5.6

16.7

22.2

Yes

16.7

61.1

77.8

Total

N=18

22.2

77.8

100%

McNemar Level of Significance p = 1.0

Not significant finding


Reunification outcome 1 comparison of all cases
Reunification Outcome 1Comparison of All Cases

Court Order Indicated Reunification Services Not Necessary by Race

Court Order for

Reunification Services

Not Needed

No

Yes

Total

Race of

African American

Child

80.0

20.0

100.0

Caucasian

88.5

11.5

100.0

Total

N=46*

84.8

15.2

100%

Fisher's Exact Level of Significance p = .650

Not Significant finding

*One case missing.


Reunification outcome 2 comparison of all cases
Reunification Outcome 2Comparison of All Cases

Discharged from Reunification Placement by Race

Discharge from

Reunification Placement

No

Yes

Total

Race of

African

Child

American

35.3

64.7

100.0%

Caucasian

39.1

60.9

100.0%

Total

N=40*

37.5

62.5

100%

Fisher's Level of Significance p = .534

Not significant finding

* 6 cases had court order that reunification not necessary and one case missing.


Multivariate analysis
Multivariate Analysis

  • Using information about several case descriptors at once, what predicts more severe intervention?

    That is, was the case referred for Reunification Services at any time during the intervention process?

    (Does not included cases that were in placement initially but when home right away.)


Example of Model Predicting Intensiveness of Intervention

*Intensiveness of intervention is placement out of home long enough to require reunification services.


Percent Referred for Placement (in Which Referral for Reunification Services was Made)

by Age


Summary
Summary

  • Some case characteristics may lead to differential treatment by race.

  • In some studies, when all available variables are taken into account for the larger population, the differences appear to cancel each other out.


Racial disparities in minnesota
Racial Disparities in Minnesota

  • May be concentrated at the front end and back end of services (reporting, substantiation, placement in assessment, and overall length of time in care)

  • Disproportionality may also occur due to the distribution of selected case characteristics in the larger population


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