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Performance enhancing drugs. Scott Bruno Audience: Young Athletes . Different Types of peds. Anabolic Steroids Androstenedione Human Growth Hormones Erythropoietin Diuretics Creatine Stimulants . Anabolic steroids . Enhance muscle building Accountable for male traits

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performance enhancing drugs

Performance enhancing drugs

Scott Bruno

Audience: Young Athletes

different types of peds
Different Types of peds
  • Anabolic Steroids
  • Androstenedione
  • Human Growth Hormones
  • Erythropoietin
  • Diuretics
  • Creatine
  • Stimulants
anabolic steroids
Anabolic steroids
  • Enhance muscle building
  • Accountable for male traits
  • Helps athletes recover quicker
  • Taken orally or injected
dangers
dangers

Men

Women

Baldness

Testicles shrink

Infertility

Acne

Organ Damage

Deepen Voice

Increased body hair

Baldness

Absent periods

Organ Damage

androstenedione
Androstenedione
  • Produced by the adrenal glands, testes and ovaries
  • Improved to testosterone in males
  • Converted to estradiol in females
  • Prescription is required for legal use
  • Allows athletes to train harder and recover quicker
dangers1
dangers

Men

Women

Acne

Loss of sperm

Testicles begin to shrink

Breasts begin to form

Acne

Deeper voice

Male traits form

Baldness

human growth hormones
Human growth hormones
  • Has anabolic effect
  • Taken to improve muscle mass and performance
  • Has not been clinically proven to improve muscle
  • Prescription needed, can only be injected
  • Known as gonadotropin
dangers2
dangers
  • Joint pain
  • Weaker muscles
  • Carpel tunnel
  • High cholesterol
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
erythropoietin
Erythropoietin
  • Used to treat amenia
  • Allows oxygen to get to muscles faster
  • Increases red blood cells and hemoglobin
  • Mostly used by endurance athletes
dangers3
dangers
  • Death
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Pulmonary Edema
diuretics
Diuretics
  • Change body’s natural fluids
  • Can decrease athletes weight
  • Helps athletes with drug tests
  • Known as a “masking” agent
dangers4
Dangers
  • Dehydration
  • Cramps
  • Exhaustion
  • Dizziness
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Heatstroke
  • Death
creatine
Creatine
  • Most popular supplement
  • Naturally produced by the body
  • Helps muscle produce more adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
  • Found in meat products
  • Not proven to enhance performance
dangers5
dangers
  • Cramps-both muscle and stomach
  • Nausea
  • Diarrehea
  • Weight gain
stimulants
stimulants
  • Increase heart rate and blood pressure
  • Include caffeine and amphetamines
  • Street drug stimulants include cocaine and methamphetamine
  • Improves endurance
  • Reduces fatigue
dangers6
dangers
  • Dehydration
  • Heatstroke
  • Addiction
  • Insomnia
  • Tolerance to the drug