GEOG 352: Day 3. Resilience. Housekeeping Items. The Geography Department is having a welcome back social in the map library/ lounge (next door) at 10:30 tomorrow. Please come out and meet faculty and your fellow students. Another example of social capital…
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Still exists in some places
Hunting & gathering
8000-10,000 years ago to present
Evolution of homo sapiens approx. 400,000 years ago
Late 1700s to present; coincides with use of fossil fuels
Will make it or not in the 21st century
GDP/ energy use
As is indicated by the illustration on p. 21, the seven principles reinforce one another.
Supporting services: ecosystem services "that are necessary for the production of all other ecosystem services"
• nutrient dispersal and cycling
• seed dispersal
• primary production (role of plants in supporting food chains)
Provisioning services: "products obtained from ecosystems"
• food (including seafood and game), crops, wild foods, and spices
• minerals (including diatomite)
• pharmaceuticals, biochemicals, and industrial products
• energy (hydropower, biomass fuels)
Regulating services: "benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes"
• carbon sequestration and climate regulation
• waste decomposition and detoxification
• purification of water and air
• crop pollination
• pest and disease control
Cultural services: "non-material benefits people obtain from ecosystems throughspiritual enrichment, cognitive development, reflection, recreation, and aesthetic experiences"
• cultural, intellectual and spiritual inspiration
• recreational experiences (including ecotourism)
• scientific discovery
Raw material extraction/ pollution manufacturing/pollution consumption waste
30-31, with the third system
economy consisting of social
enterprises, voluntary org-
anizations, and the family
economy. Such societies
often have different values.