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Chapter Six. Justice and Racism. When Night Ends. Q: What does it mean? A: An old Jewish tale meaning it is still night when you can look on the face of any man or woman and it is your brother or sister. Q: What is racism?

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Justice and racism

Chapter Six

Justice and Racism

When night ends
When Night Ends

Q: What does it mean?

A: An old Jewish tale meaning it is still night when you can look on the face of any man or woman and it is your brother or sister.

Q: What is racism?

A: The Church defines racism as awareness of the biologically determined superiority of one’s own race or ethnic group with respect to others.

When night ends1
When Night Ends

Racism leads to mistreatment of people based on:

  • race

  • color

  • national origin

  • religion

  • place of origin

  • ancestry

Remember. . .

Racism can be person-to-person or institutional

Institutional racism
Institutional Racism

A: Racism that infects every aspect of society

Q: What is it?

A: Racism that favors the majority and hindering the success of the minority

Institutional racism1
Institutional Racism

Members of other minorities

Affirmative Action is the policy and programs established to correct the past discrimination in education and employment opportunities

b l a c k s

wo m e n

Racism against certain groups
Racism Against Certain Groups

African Americans:

  • Slavery continued until the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery

  • Segregation continued and blacks were treated as second class citizens until the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s

  • In 1954, the Supreme Court decision of Brown

    v. Board of Education of Topeka desegregated schools

Racism against certain groups1
Racism Against Certain Groups

African Americans

*suffer more from violence

*are incarcerated disproportionately

*have shorter life spans

*lack educational opportunities

*have a large number of families headed by single women

Did you know that blacks:

Also, keep in mind. . .

  • There still is a large income gap between African Americans and whites

Racism against certain groups2
Racism Against Certain Groups

African Americans

Racism against African Americans is, in part, a result of apartheid

Apartheid was a policy of South Africa from 1948-1991 of strict segregation, prejudice and racial inequality against blacks.

Racism against certain groups3
Racism Against Certain Groups

  • Hispanic Americans:

    • Descended from Spanish-speaking people

    • and now represent a mix of cultures, national groups, and races

    • Predate English-speaking colonists in America and helped discover the Americas.

    • Comprise the largest minority group in the United States (One of every eight residents in the US is Latino

Racism against certain groups4
Racism Against Certain Groups

Hispanic Americans:

Hispanic Americans of Mexican ancestry



Manual laborers



Racism against certain groups5
Racism Against Certain Groups

Hispanic Americans:

Did you Know. . .

* Hispanic Americans have a history of working low-paying jobs in ranches, farms, mines and railroad

* have lost their jobs due to cheap labor of the braceros

*Children of migrant workers cannot get a decent education

* many Hispanic Americans face immigration problems.

* Suffer from low wages, lack of health care and

decent education, unsafe and congested housing

Racism against certain groups6
Racism Against Certain Groups

Hispanic Americans:

Did you Know. . .

  • Nearly 73% of Hispanics in the US are Catholic

  • 64% of Catholic Hispanic Americans go to church regularly

  • American Catholic Bishops challenge parishes

    to find ways to embrace Hispanic Catholics

Racism against certain groups7
Racism Against Certain Groups

Native Americans:

  • Once numbered from 4.5 to 10 million when Columbus discovered American, by the end of the 19th century decreased to a quarter of a million people

  • Diseases that the Native Americans had no immunities

  • Loss of cultural identity as Native American religion and customs were stamped out

  • Vicious wars by the English

  • Destruction of the buffalo

  • Expansion of the railroad

  • Lands taken over by Anglos as they moved West

Did you Know that the Native American suffered because :

Racism against certain groups8
Racism Against Certain Groups



Negative Effects of Reservations



Death rates among youth


Racism against certain groups9
Racism Against Certain Groups

Native Americans:

Did you Know. . .

Although the Church was prejudice in the past trying to Christianize Native Americans, it has become more sensitive to defending their rights

Being inclusive
Being Inclusive

During Jesus’ ministry, he included everyone

Things to Consider about Racism:

St. Paul encouraged his converts to see

through the external differences that

separate us

Being inclusive1
Being Inclusive

Racial Justice

Support efforts to eradicate discrimination

Root prejudice out of own lives

Empathize with others

Celebrate diversity

Learn from others

Appreciate our common humanity


  • racism

  • affirmative action

  • institutional racism

  • apartheid

  • Chicano

  • braceros

  • barrios

  • encyclical