Understanding Tiers, Interventions and Supports Presentation Adopted from NESD
What do we do when students don’t learn? • Using the Response to Intervention framework will create an effective process for all teachers, administrators and support personnel to answer this question.
What is Pyramid Response to Intervention? • It is the practice of providing high-quality instruction and interventions that match student's needs as well as considering students’ learning rate over time and level of performance to make important educational decisions.
It is…… • RTI is an approach that provides high quality, standards-based instruction/intervention that is matched to student’s academic, social-emotional, and behavioral needs.
It is….. • a continuum of intervention tiers with increasing levels of intensity and duration • involves educational decisions that are based on data derived from frequent monitoring of student performance and rate of learning.
Timely, Directive, Systematic, Flexible Support • Using this process allows students to receive timely interventions at the first indication that they need more time and support. • This process should be directive rather than invitational, so that the students get the extra help they need, consistently and without interruption until they are successful.
Interventions are sequences to build upon each other: • from least to most restrictive • from least to most intensive • from what happens in every classroom for all children to what happens for individual students who need highly focused, targeted help.
It is not…. • a program but rather a process for ensuring that all students learn. • another add on.
Three Tiers of Support Intensive Interventions focused on closing the gap. TIER 3 Fewer students Increasing intensity Immediate and powerful targeted interventions systematically applied and monitored for any students not achieving. TIER 2 A coherent and viable core curriculum that embeds ongoing monitoring for all students. TIER 1
Why use this model? • This model allows education to move toward a systematic, directive, and timely response to all children when they don’t learn adequately or extensively regardless of labels or subgroups.
Tier 1 • Approximately 75-80% of the student population will have their educational needs met by Tier 1 interventions.
Tier 1 • Tier 1 is simply good teaching! • Educators respond to learning styles, strengths and weaknesses of each of their students. • They offer a variety of supports to enable students to reach outcomes. This may be as easy as additional time to complete work or one on one mini lessons. • The most important step a school can take to improve its core program is differentiating instruction. • See http://interventionfirstrps.wordpress.com/
Tier 2 • This level of the pyramid offers supplemental interventions implemented for students whose educational needs have not been met by the regular program. • Small group interventions. • 10-15% of the student population will benefit from Tier 2 interventions.
Tier 3 • This level of the pyramid is where intensive individual interventions are implemented for student’s whose educational needs have not (can not?) been met in Tier 1 or Tier 2. • 5-10% of the student population will require these types of interventions.
An Effective Response to Intervention Pyramid … • begins with establishing identification, placement and monitoring processes. • various school division roles (Teacher, Administrator, Counselor, Occupational Therapist, Educational Psychologist) are involved in these processes.