sigmund freud id ego and super ego
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sigmund freud id ego and super ego

Sigmund FreudId, ego and super-ego

Ian, Chelsea, Cameron &


Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856. He was Jewish and was born in Freiberg, Moravia. He Sigmund lived with his mother and his father, who was a wool merchant. He had two older half-brothers and six younger siblings.

When Sigmund was five years old, his family moved to Vienna, where he lived for most of his life. Sigmund was always the smartest in his classes in medical school where he became involved in neurophysiology reserch.
After a short time studying neurology, he moved back to Vienna where he married his fiancée Martha Bernays and set up his own practice in neuropsychiatry. His books and lectures made him famous in the mainstream of the medical community Unfortunately, not everyone agreed with what he had to say and he lost friends.
Sigmund moved to England just before World War II when Vienna became dangerous for Jews to live. Soon afterward he died of mouth and jaw cancer that he suffered from for the last 20 years of his life.


The nervous system translates your body's needs into motivational forces, also known as instincts or drives. Id works with the “pleasure principal”, a demand to get what it needs immediately. For example, when a baby is screaming because they are tired, they do not know why they are screaming they just know they want a solution to the problem and they want it now.


Relates to the “reality principal”, which means the person can take care of what is needed at the appropriate time. Ego balances the needs of Id and Super-ego making a conscience and realistic decision


There are two aspects of super-ego. The first is conscience and the second is ego ideal (runs on positive models and rewards) Opinions are based on guilt, shame and pride.



Many psychoanalysts disagreed with Sigmund’s theory. One main example would be Carl Jung. Jung believed that there is a personal part of our unconscious, as well as what he called the "collective unconscious." He also introduced the term Persona (characteristics similar to the superego), and rejected Freud's distinction between ego and superego.

  • Dr. C. George Boeree, ”Personality Theories” Sigmund Freud, 2007 & 2009, , April 23, 2010
  • Dummies, “Understanding the Id, Ego, and Superego in Psychology”, 2010, , April 23, 2010.
  • New World Encyclopedia, “Ego, super-ego and id”, Sept 4/2008,,_superego,_and_id#Critique April 29/2010