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ID Based Smart Card Projects. A success story. The Indian Success Story - Necessity the Mother of evolution. Started with the need of Interoperable Smart Card based Driving Licenses – Year 2003 Problem Statement – “Licenses issued from one province are non readable/writable in other states”

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ID Based Smart Card Projects


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the indian success story necessity the mother of evolution
The Indian Success Story- Necessity the Mother of evolution
  • Started with the need of Interoperable Smart Card based Driving Licenses – Year 2003
  • Problem Statement – “Licenses issued from one province are non readable/writable in other states”
  • Different solutions in States with proprietary vendor driven technologies.
  • Total Vendor dependence, for all time to come.
  • NIC helped MoRT&H for bringing it out of these issues.
  • National Standards were named SCOSTA (Smart Card Operating System Specification for Transport Applications).
  • Were notified by Government of India, Ministry of Transport for national roll out.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

the indian success story scosta
The Indian Success Story- SCOSTA
  • A truly open standard for Smart Card OS.
  • Owned and maintained by National Informatics Center, Government of India.
  • Available at http://scosta.gov.in
  • No patent or royalty issues.
  • Based on international standards ISO 7816 for smart cards.
  • All open issues are plugged, fully implement ready.
  • Is uniformly applicable for all ID base project requirements.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

the indian success story scosta drivers
The Indian Success Story -SCOSTA Drivers
  • National ID Card
      • 3 Million (Pilot Project), 10 Million Coastal MNIC, 1.1 Billion total
  • ePassport
      • 10 Million per year
  • Driving License
      • 60 Million per year
  • Vehicle RC
      • 180 Million per year
  • Rural Health Insurance Card
      • 60 Million
  • Rural Employment Guarantee Card
      • 90 Million
  • Public Distribution System
      • 140 Million

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

role of nic
Role of NIC
  • Help creating a healthy eco-system
      • Technology framework
      • Policy framework
      • Legal/Statutory framework
      • Security Framework
      • Field Transaction Framework

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

technology framework
Technology Framework
  • Evolving OS Standards (SCOSTA, SCOSTA-CL, ICAO specific etc)
  • Setting up testing and certification facility to test the compliance and other necessary requirements.
  • Suggesting best applicable chip technology in terms of Interfaces, Capacity, Advanced requirements.
  • Suggesting role-out model for personalization techniques and card related processes.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

policy framework
Policy Framework
  • New policies in terms of
      • Card Issuance
      • Beneficiary Service delivery processes
      • Security Policies
      • Operational policies

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

legal statutory framework
Legal/Statutory framework
  • Provisioning of Acts, Rules and Regulations to institutionalize the new technology
  • Amendments of existing laws

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

security framework key management system
Security FrameworkKey Management System
  • Security Framework to establish following
      • Enabling the user organisation to authenticate the identity of the beneficiary with through Smart Card in an offline mode.
      • Enabling the user organisation to authenticate the card and protect illegal card cloning.
      • Protecting the card data against forging and tampering.
      • Enabling the authorized representatives to modify data in order to perform field transaction.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

field transaction framework
Field Transaction Framework
  • Evolving right specifications for POS Devices.
  • Tight coupling with the Key Management System.
  • Appropriate networking enablement.
  • Appropriate Human Resource to operate devices.
  • Uniform Application specification

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

slide11
MNIC

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic the indian national id card background
MNIC The Indian National ID Card - Background
  • No proper mechanism for proof of citizenship status and identity.
  • Every day problems in managing vast and porous borders.
  • Ad hock mechanisms for identity verification for citizen service delivery.
  • Loosely controlled service delivery systems of Government in absence of any field transaction mechanism.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic objectives
MNIC - Objectives
  • Increasing national security
  • Managing Residents and Citizens Identity
  • Check illegal immigration
  • Facilitating eGovernance

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic implementing agencies stakeholders
MNIC - Implementing Agencies (Stakeholders)
  • Ministry of Home Affairs
      • Registrar General of India
  • Ministry of Communication and Information Technology.
      • National Informatics Center
  • Provincial Governments
  • District Level Government Bodies
  • Village Level Government/Elected bodies

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic scope of pilot project
MNICScope of Pilot Project
  • Volume - 3 Million
  • 22 selected sub-districts of 13 provinces.
  • Most of them along the borders.
  • Targets for Testing
      • Technology
          • Smart Card
          • Secure Transaction Infrastructure
          • Field Transactions
      • User acceptance
      • Roll out Model
      • Business Model

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic scope of costal card project
MNICScope of Costal Card Project
  • Volume - 10 Million
  • All costal villages
  • To help strengthen costal security
  • Enabling proof of Identity of fishermen off the coast.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

indian national id card roll out strategy 1
Indian National ID CardRoll Out Strategy 1
  • Preparation of National Citizenship Register
      • Door to door survey for data collection.
      • Capturing demographic details, photograph and finger print.
      • Data screening and verification.
      • Digital Signatures used for certification by local government bodies or PANCHAYAT (elected body at village level).
      • Data transmitted and merged with the National Data Grid.
      • Data Screening for de-duplication and purification.
      • Digitally Certified by Country Registrar General.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

indian national id card roll out strategy 2
Indian National ID CardRoll Out Strategy 2
  • Smart Card features
      • Security features (Cyber Security)
        • PKI for Passive Authentication.
        • Symmetric Key based access control for field transaction.
        • Data is read open.
        • Symmetric Key based Active Authentication (anti-cloning)
      • Technical specification
        • SCOSTA based Contact card with Microcontroller chip.
        • 64 Kbyte EEPROM.
        • Composite Plastic (PVC+PETG)
      • Visual Design by National Institute of Design
      • Centralized bulk personalization through outsourcing.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic process framework
MNIC- Process Framework

National Data Grid

Digitization & Verification

At District

Bulk Personalization

And issuance

Door to door data capture

At Village

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

mnic the road ahead
MNICThe Road Ahead
  • Coastal Areas are currently being covered.
  • National Roll out to be taken-up with 2011 census.
  • Intensive Industry Participation through PPP
  • Finger Print standards to be finalized for 1:1 and 1:N match (for verification, identification and de-duplication).

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project
Ecosystem for a Smart Card Project
  • Any Smart Card based eGovernance system/project requires a healthy ecosystem.
    • Statutory and Legal Framework.
    • Administrative Framework.
    • Technology Framework.
    • Security Framework.
    • Testing and Certifying body.
    • Transaction Management Framework
    • Card Life Cycle Management

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project statutory and legal framework
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectStatutory and Legal Framework.
  • Projects like Driving License, National ID Card, Health Card etc, require a legal environment for their acceptability.
  • Examples,
      • Central Motor Vehicle Act and Rules.
      • Citizenship Act.
      • Information Technology Act.
      • Health Insurance Act. Etc.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project administrative framework
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectAdministrative Framework.
  • A pre defined user/citizen friendly process needs to be defined, implemented and followed.
  • Adherence to processes needs to be monitored.
  • Process change management to be brought into for wide user acceptability, system re-engineering might be required.
  • An organization (preferably a new department within Government) behind the project.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project technology framework
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectTechnology Framework
  • Different technology components to be clearly earmarked, based on the project design.
  • Technical specification of each component to be standardized and enforced. If required, statutory decree to be issued.
  • Suggested to be based upon open standards.
  • Control of Government over technology is crucial.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project security framework
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectSecurity Framework
  • Security framework for Smart Card projects require following.
      • Framework to verify the authenticity of cards.
      • Framework to protect the illegal card cloning.
      • System to protect illegal card data tampering.
      • Framework to allow authorized entities for performing card based transaction, and card data modification.
      • Inspection system framework
      • Solutions are Key Management System, Transaction Management System.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project increasing confidence testing and certifying body
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectIncreasing Confidence - Testing and Certifying body
  • Smart Card based eGovernance projects require implementation in a vast geographic area (inter-province or inter-countries).
  • Outsourcing is compelling, concern is cross-solutions interoperability between different vendors after the contract with one is over (Vendor Independence).
  • Smart card based projects must be multi-application compatible.
  • Standard Technology is a must.
  • Implementing agencies require to ensure above inter-operabilities beforehand.
  • Technology Interoperability and Compliance Testing by an authorized neutral body increases user confidence level beforehand.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project transaction management framework
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectTransaction Management Framework
  • Smart Card applications require field transactions for delivery of various eGov services.
  • A framework is needed to allow authorized agencies to perform field transactions.
  • Devices need to customized and users to be trained for performing field transaction.
  • Devises must be user friendly, citizen friendly, manageable for wide distribution, and secure against virus/trapdoors.
  • SAM Management.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project card lifecycle management
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectCard Lifecycle Management
  • In a massive roll out, life cycle of each card to be maintained and monitored.
  • Card Life Cycle Stages,
      • Pre Perso stage
      • Perso Stage
      • Post Perso Stage
      • Application Status.
      • Lost Status
      • Damaged Status.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project role of government
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectRole of Government
  • Evolving and standardizing Technology Standards (e.g. SCOSTA), for healthy competition among industry and level playing field for industry to grow.
  • Enforcing Technology Standards through statutory decree.
  • Providing a mechanism to Test and Certify the compliance of products to defined standards.
  • Establishing Security Framework under its Technical and Operational control.

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

ecosystem for a smart card project the indian example
Ecosystem for a Smart Card ProjectThe Indian Example
  • Statutory and Legal Framework.
  • Administrative Framework.
  • Technology Framework.
  • Security Framework.
  • Testing and Certifying body.
  • Transaction Management Framework
  • Card Life Cycle Management

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center

slide31
Thanks !!!!!

S.K.Sinha

National Informatics Center