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Imperialism 1800-1900

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Imperialism 1800-1900

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  1. Imperialism 1800-1900 Imperialism in Africa

  2. Early expansion • Started in about 1492 and ended around 1783-(what is important about that date) • The first wave of empire building focused on the “New world” • 90% of the America's population disappeared by 1600 • This meant there would be little resistances for European settlers

  3. Early expansion • Until about 1800 European influence in Africa and Asia was limited to trade island and coastal holdings –mostly for trade • Africa and Asia continued to flourish • The second wave of expansion and empire building will be different

  4. Second wave of expansion and empire building • This empire building starts within Europe and moves out • The Industrial revolution had given Europeans more advanced technology and an obscene about of wealth • By 1914 all of Asia except 1 country will fall under the rule of a European nation • By 1914 all of Africa except 2 countries will fall under European rule

  5. Imperialism-quack • What is imperialism? • The overtaking of a country or territory through political, economic, religious, or cultural means • A weaker country is dominated by a stronger country • The stronger country will take over the weaker counties culture • The weaker counties may be exploited

  6. Why did the Europeans want these other countries-Quack • 1-Nationalism: European counties viewed colonies as measures of greatness/strength and power • The more colonies you had the more prestigious your nation appeared

  7. Quack • 2-Industrial revolution -The IR required natural resources and new markets • These “weaker” countries had both

  8. Quack • 3- Racism- Europeans believed they were better than other races of people • 1859 Darwin published “The Origin of Species” • Survival of the fittest • Europeans had something to prove about the fittest man on earth • Social Darwinism was born • Show handout that would not scan p.s do not write this one

  9. Social Darwinism-quack • Wealthy Europeans viewed themselves as the fittest • Non Europeans were inferior • They were less advanced technological • Europeans thought it was their god given right to spread their “progress” and way of life. Even if they were not invited • Missionaries pushed imperialism

  10. Competition • Survival of the fittest promoted competition-quack • Imperialism was about proving ones nation superiority over another • Military competition-I have bigger bombs than you do • Political competition-I have a superior way of government and life style • Economic competition-I am richer than you • Sprinkle a little racism on top and you got yourself and imperialist power

  11. Africa-quack • Africa was intriguing to Europeans • Africa had natural resources like • Diamonds and gold • Both found in South Africa

  12. Taking Africa-quack • The machine Gun 1889 • Major European advantage • Europe had better tech communication railroads, industry • Cure for Malaria: allows Europe's to travel inland to Africa • Africa was divide into many different tribes and many dif. Langue and cultures-hard to unite

  13. Africa 1820

  14. Quack • By 1880 every industrialized nation wanted a piece of Africa • Berlin Conference 1884-1885 • Held to prevent fighting between European nations 14 attended • No Africans were invited-how rude • Rules outlined there-1-if a country claimed an area, other nations were to be notified-that is the only polite thing to do right-gentleman like

  15. Quack • 2- Had to be able to control the area or another country may step in and restore order

  16. Africa1914

  17. War within the colonies-quack • British and Boers (Dutch farmers) fight for south Africa use natives against each other • Boer war-Things got real ugly not very gentleman like • British won and created the union of South Africa • Devastating effect upon the native people

  18. Brain storm • Good side to imperialism • Bad side for Imperialism

  19. Sanitation Schools and Hospitals Economy Grew Transportation-Irrigation-communication Lost land and independence Deteriorating culture and traditions Displaced family units Imaginary boundaries cause conflict and war with in Africa The Good The Bad

  20. Tomorrow Asia and Imperialism