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North of Scotland Cardiac Services …so what are the challenges?. Mr Hussein El-Shafei Regional Clinical Lead 30 th October 2012. ?. Why Are We Meeting Today?. Healthcare Challenges. Ageing Population Higher Patient Expectations Super Specialisation New Therapeutic Modalities
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North of Scotland Cardiac Services …so what are the challenges? Mr Hussein El-Shafei Regional Clinical Lead 30th October 2012
? Why Are We Meeting Today?
Healthcare Challenges • Ageing Population • Higher Patient Expectations • Super Specialisation • New Therapeutic Modalities • Expensive Technology
Population 1,282,758 (25% Scottish population), 66% Scottish Land Mass... To grow 2.5% to 1,335,500 (2015), 4.9% to 1366,500(2020) 8persons/sq Km-2400p/Sq Km
CHD in SCOTLAND • Success story: Death rate from CHD more than halved since 1995, less benefit for those in the most deprived 15% Postcodes. • Still 12,000 people/Year have heart attacks. • Still 140,000 people who have had heart attacks • 260,000 people with angina • 60,000 people with heart failure • More premature death in Men (50%), and in women (90%) than SW England • Socio-economic, and Financial Cost
Improvement of Services • BETTER HEART DISEASE AND STROKE CARE ACTION PLAN ; CHD Improvement Management Programm “NHS QIS”; and Healthcare Quality Strategy, (2009) • Broadened the spectrum CHD, to other forms including Heart Failure, Valve disease, Inherited heart disease,etc. • Waiting Time 18 Weeks (R To T) by December2011
NOT ONLY CHD • Heart Failure: 60,000-100,000 Patients in Scotland, screening, impact of Nurse –led Service • EP Therapies • Rehabilitation • Adult Congenital Heart disease • Inherited Conditions, Sudden Death • Cardiac surgery
CHALLENGES for NOS Cardiac Services Improving the service needed for people with established heart disease; access to New developments, technologies and treatments • More emphasis on Primary prevention of heart disease • To tackle unacceptable health inequalities “Equitable Access” • Dealing with “RuralityNature” • Sustainability of services • Financial constraints • Dynamic (Response to change) provision of planning and monitoring of services, capacity, workforce and quality
NOS Cardiac Services... Achieved • Building on (Already achieved): • -SLAs, Planning ,Delivery, Education, Networking.. - Interventional services in NHS Tayside, PPCI 24/7 in Ninewells - Interventional services NHS Highlands, working towards PPCI 24/7. - New Cath Lab ..PPCI 24/7 in NHSG - EPS in NOS, ICDs in NHST and NHSH repatriation of CRT to NHSG from Gla and Edinb. - CT angio , Raigmore - Investment in workforce.. New consultants cardiologist posts in NHSG (1EPS)=10, NHSH=4,NHST=9.5 -Well North....
Regional Delivery Plan , Cardiac Services(2011-15)What would a North of Scotland model for delivering cardiac services look like? IT ehealth support Medical records Information management RRT Community+ Practice Nursing teams Monitor Heart Manual HF CR Intermediate care ACP Community Hospitals RGHs GPwsi Specialist nurses Heart failure #Cardiac Rehab ETT, Echo ARI Tertiary Centre Complex Cardiology,PPCI, EP Cardiac Surgery Teaching Raigmore Inverness DGH Cardiology PPCI,EP Teaching Ninewells Dundee DGH Cardiology PPCI,EP Teaching
Glasgow Herald 23rd September 2012 • Professor Oldroyd said heart-attackpatients in Aberdeen are being treated in line with the latest European recommendations, while in the west of Scotland and Edinburgh they are not. Angioplasties – when a stent is placed in a blocked artery – are seen as one of the best treatments for heart-attack patients.
Glasgow Herald 27th September 2012 • Heart specialists at odds over Scots coronary care Published on 27 September 2012 Helen Puttick “DISPUTES between cardiologists are delaying access to new medicines and treatments for heart patients”, a key Government adviser has claimed • Speaking exclusively to The Herald, Dr Barry Vallance said it was not controlling costs that stopped patients getting access to new treatments, in a robust defence of the health service's record in coronary care.
Ageing Population In Scotland • Younger people decreasing, older people increasing • Population continues to age; 50% increase in over 60s by 2033 • Age-related public expenditure predicted to increase from 20.1% of GDP(2007) to 26.6% (2057) • Urban/rural distribution not even Over 60s 16% up to 21% in rural areas
Tissue Plasminogen activator Thrombolysis
It is generally regarded that patients with AMI will benefit more from PPCI than thrombolysis is delay to opening artery is <120 mins in total. Therefore for patients outside of this transit time patients should receive PHT and be immediately transferred to a PCI Centre. The 30% who show no evidence of reperfusion will be immediately offered PCI rescue. “Drip and Ship”
New Treatments/ Technologies and developments • ORT (Optimal Reperfusion Therapy)...PPCI- PHT( Pre-Hospital Thrombolysis) , 33% no reperfusion hence “Drip and Ship”. “ Sign Guideline 93.9, QIS”....Transport implication • TAVI(Trans Aortic Valve Implantation): 16-30/million... Now available in Scotland (Oct.12) • Expansion in EPS: ICD, CRT, AF Ablation (cath/surgery), VADs • CT-Angio • Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery • Telehealth, ehealth
Transportation • Gratitude to SAS for providing the excellent service we have. • Communication between clinicians and SAS • Education of crews • Relatives Transportation • Air Ambulance
Six Sigma and Flight Industry • 6 Sigma = 3.4 error/Million • CABG Mortality = 1.9% = 19,000 error/million
WORKFORCE PLANNING -Education -Development -Recruitment -Retention
It is the quality of our work that will please God , And not the quantity and volume “ “Mahatma Gandhi True…but you did not have 18 week Referral to Treatment Target !!
Catches in collecting information for WT • Replace the 4 target with one target ..underway • Flexibility within the system? - MDT Cases.. -Direct admission cases (No Surg OPC) - Unsuccessful PCI cases
Audit Scotland – February 2012Key Messages • Reduction in death rate from all heart disease (40% over 11 years), from 216/100,000 to 129/100,000 • Reduction in death from MI (50% over 11 years , from 104.7 to 55.7 deaths per 100,000 • Reduction in New cases of CHD, and reduction of MIs from 7, 326(2000/1) to 4,577 (2009/10) • Improved 30 day survival after Em admission with MI 83.1% to 89%, and HF 82.4 to 85.5%
Audit Scotland- February 2012Key Messages • National targets of WT: Lack of systems to capture information for the overall wait, WT are instead reported four 4 groups , RACPC, OPC, Angio, surgery: • All NHS Boards met quarterly WTT for the quarter ending Sept 2011. • New 18 Wks Referral to treatment replaces the four cardiac targets from Dec 2012
Audit Scotland – February 2012Key Messages • Rolling over the Keep Well Programme to the 40-64 year olds in most deprived areas (£35 Million), and to monitor outcome 2012-15 • Scope to have efficiency savings of £ 4.4 million (Less expensive tests,LOS, prescribing, procurement) • Variations between Boards providing less expensive non-invasive and rates of more invasive testing (Potential saving of 0.5 to 0.8 million0non
Audit Scotland – February 2012Key Messages Recommendations -Evidence base to identify priorities of spending for Scotland -Accurate information on activity, workforce, cost and quality should be available and should be shared nationally -NHS Boards should work with Regional Planning Groups to examine variation in Cardiology services to ensure services are provided in the most efficient way and identify scope for improving efficiency
Regional Planning Identify commonalities, save duplication while facilitating planning.. All virtues of NETWORKING CO-ORDINATION in the introduction of service developments; new technology Regional DELIVERY PLANS Optimization of TRANSPORT strategies with (SAS) , Remote and Rural, across board WORKING TOGETHER... Better efficiency ..WTs Improvement of WORKFORCE PLANNING and utilization, development and training Harness of the LINK between local MCNs role and national strategies and targets
Why Are We Meeting Today? • No tight agenda • Opportunity to explore together the best way forward to improve level of communication and networking between various areas in the region • Awareness that you as a decision making individuals and organizations need to do more work to address the challenges that we are facing now and in the future
Why Are We Meeting Today? We may succeed to initiate and agree on achievable and practical actions of collaboration that can improve our services and effect efficiency savings Invitation to you to participate in shaping the future of an efficient , modernized and sustainable service for the management of cardiac disease in the North of Scotland.