Food losses in Thailand Office of Agriculture Economics August 2013
Percentage of crop production area in four regions of Thailand in 2011 Source: Amara Chinaphuti, Department of Agriculture
Major Fruits & Vegetables of Thailand Fruits Vegetables • Mango • Pineapple • longan, • Pummelo • Durian • Mangosteen • Rambutan • Kluaikai banana • Lychee • Chinese cabbage • head cabbage • tomato, chili • ginger, potato • onion, garlic • Lettuce, sweet pepper • basil leaf • water spinach, parsley • cucumber, yard long • bean, baby corn and cauliflower.
Post-harvest Losses of some Selected Fruits in Thailand Source: Department of Agriculture
Losses of Vegetable from Farm to the Wholesale Markets in Thailand (%) Source: Amara Chinaphuti
The Status of Post harvest Technology in Thailand: Post harvest Loss (PHL) Major Causes of PHL
Problem • Lack of proper knowledge and technology transfer to the farmers. • Postharvest infrastructure and technologies are costly and sometimes does not give a economic returns. • Less funds are available for R&D. • Lack of investment/involvement of local manufactures in constructing small scale need based postharvest infrastructure • Less awareness of policy makers and general public for the need to reduce/prevent food losses after harvest
Problem • Low prices on the local market which discourage the farmer to use the proper packaging and transportation. • High packaging and transportation cost. • After harvesting, most of farmers are not aware of methods to prepare the produce in proper manners such as cleaning, grading and trimming are not carried out systematically. • Less co-operation among the stakeholders in quality management system along the production chain
Policies and Strategies • The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) has launched its Food Security Strategic Framework (2013-2016) • The MOAC’s Food Security Framework consists of 4 Strategic Trusts.
3. Enhance quality of agri. food production, reduce waste and utilize properly Guide lines: • Reduce the losses in agri. food production by support R&D and promote (1) food processing technologies in order to increase value-added of food and agricultural product (2)post-harvesting technologies to maintain quality and shelf life of food as long as possible. • Support reducing the loss of food waste from the unnecessarily consumption, by raising awareness about an impact on food securityand campaign throughout local and national level • Develop agricultural information system and access to information (Create network of agri. info, Develop of agriculture media as ways for transferring agriculture technology and innovation to farmers)
Suggestions for APEC Cooperation • Strengthen the information system projects within the framework of international cooperation. • Support a joint research and study on food waste food losses in APEC economy. • Continue to provide forum for discussion on knowledge, best practice and technologies to reduce post-harvest loss in region. • Develop joint initiatives and efforts to reduce food losses.