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Sigmund Freud

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  1. Sigmund Freud Janine Holtmann and Anke Berndzen

  2. Short Biography • May 6, 1856 • Sigismund Shlomo Freud • Parents: Jakob and Amalia Freud • Seven siblings • jewish

  3. Short Biography • 1859  Father lost his job, family settles in Vienna • 1873 Successful graduation (Matura), medicine study at Vienna University • 1876  Freud joins Ernst Brücke’s physiological laboratory • 1881  Doctor of Medicine • 1884  Investigation of cocaine • 1890  Examination of the sexual lives of his patients - Psychoanalysis • 1897  theory of the “Oedipus Complex” • 1930 Freud received the Goethe Prize

  4. Personal problems • psychosomatic disorders • exaggerated fears of dying • sexual feelings for his mother • Theory of the “Oedipus Complex”

  5. His Death • In September 1939 his doctor and friend Max Schur assisted him in suicide. • three doses of morphine over many hours • Freud died on September 23, 1939.

  6. Id, Ego and Superego • Mental activity exist at three levels: • Id: centre of our primitive instincts • Ego: develops out of the Id as the child grows • Superego: highest state at which we have arrived in our evolutionary "progress" • overseer, conscious

  7. Freud and cocaine • early user and proponent of cocaine • He wrote several articles on the antidepressant qualities of the drug • Freud felt that cocaine would work as a panacea for many disorders • "On Coca“ • “The Cocaine Incident” • Jürgen von Scheidt speculated that most of Freud's psychoanalytical theory was a byproduct of his cocaine use.