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Poetry Unit. S.C.O.S: 5.01 and 5.02. Warm-up:. Write a definition for each word in the homograph pairs below: Hair/hare Flour/flower Pail/pale Reign/rein. What is Poetry?. It is a way of organized writing that uses lines instead of paragraphs. Elements of Poetry: Form Sound

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poetry unit

Poetry Unit

S.C.O.S: 5.01 and 5.02

warm up
  • Write a definition for each word in the homograph pairs below:
  • Hair/hare
  • Flour/flower
  • Pail/pale
  • Reign/rein
what is poetry
What is Poetry?
  • It is a way of organized writing that uses lines instead of paragraphs.
    • Elements of Poetry:
      • Form
      • Sound
      • Figurative Language
      • Imagery
elements of poetry
Elements of Poetry
  • Form: the way it looks on the page
  • Types of Form:
    • Stanza: groups of lines (4,6,8)
    • Blank Verse: lines have rhythm but do not rhyme
    • Free Verse: lines have no rhythm or rhyme
    • Rhymed: word at the end of some lines rhyme or sound alike
    • Couplet: 2 consecutive lines that rhyme
elements of poetry1
Elements of poetry
  • Sonnet: 14 lines with a particular rhyme scheme
  • Haiku: a poem of 3 lines with specific syllables in each line (5, 7, 5) and mostly about nature
  • Concrete: a poem that makes a picture on the page
  • Internal rhyme: 2 or more words in the same line rhyme. Ex: The cat in the hat.
  • Helps express meaning and emotions
    • Types of Sound:
      • Rhythm: pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
      • Rhyme: words that sound the same or similar (hat, cat)
      • Alliteration: repeating beginning consonant sounds (big, black bear)
      • Assonance: repeating vowel sounds (the cat in the hat sat on a tac)
      • Onomatopoeia: a word that represents a sound (bang, hiss, pop)
figurative language
Figurative Language
  • Language that is NOT meant word for word
    • Types of Figurative Language:
      • Simile: a comparison that uses the words LIKE or AS
      • Metaphor: a comparison that DOES NOT use the words like or as
      • Personification: giving human actions or features to something that is not human, (the stars winked at me)
      • Hyperbole: an exaggeration (He weighs a ton!)
      • Idiom: a phrase that has a meaning different from the literal meaning. (Hit the books)
      • Oxymoron: opposite or contradictory terms used in a combined form (pretty ugly)
  • Word or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses

“I could taste the sourness of the lemon as it made my lips pucker.”

kinds of poems
Kinds of Poems

Narrative: poems that tell a story

Epic: a long poem about a hero

Ballad: a poem that was originally sung (we still call songs ballads)

Dramatic: a poem that has a conversation among characters. Think Shakespeare!

Lyric: a poem that expresses that poet’s thoughts and feelings

today is tuesday september 7 2010
Today is Tuesday, September 7, 2010
  • Warm-up: Identify the simile in the following example. Copy the lines in this poem and underline the simile in each line.: “ The willow is like an etching, fine lined against the sky. The ginkgo is like a crude sketch, hardly worthy to be signed.”
today is wednesday september 8 2010
Today is Wednesday, September 8, 2010
  • Warm-up: In your own words answer the following question: What is a haiku?
  • From the Japanese we have inherited the sensitive yet powerful haiku (high-coo). It is a three-line, seventeen syllable, unrhymed poem about nature.
  • It captures a moment in nature or in life and allows the reader to visualize the scene.
lets look at the following examples
Lets look at the following examples:
  • An old silent pond (5)
  • A frog jumps into the pond (7)
  • Splash, silence again.(5)


What images do you see when you hear this poem?


In the darkest woods (5)

  • A weeping willow tree cries (7)
  • Who made such sadness? (5)


What images do you see when you hear this poem?

What are the descriptive phrases used in this poem?

let s practice
Let’s Practice:
  • Take these words and turn them into descriptive phrases:
    • For example: lake can be used like this: A lazy, placid lake.
    • Sun
    • Willow tree
    • Night sky
    • Ocean
    • Beach
today is thursday september 9 2010
Today is Thursday, September 9, 2010
  • Warm-up: Write 2 definitions for each word below:
    • Count
    • Down
    • Fast
    • Fly
today s agenda
Today’s Agenda:
  • Take out your haiku worksheets
  • With a Partner share your haiku’s and answer the following questions together:
    • Does the first line in my poem have 5 syllables?
    • Does the second line in my poem have 7 syllables?
    • Does the last line in my poem have 5 syllables?
    • What is my partner’s haiku about?
    • Are there any mispelled words in my haiku?
    • What changes will you make to make your haiku more descriptive?
finalize haiku
Finalize Haiku
  • On a clean sheet of regular or construction paper, re-write your haiku and decorate it.
  • Put you First and Last name, class period, and today’s date on the back of your poem.
today is friday september 10 2010
Today is Friday, September 10, 2010
  • Warm-up: Write 3 definitions for each homograph:
    • Lap
    • Meter
    • Pound
    • Spell